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The Indian Institutes of Technology is a prestigious group of autonomous public engineering and management institutes of India. The IITs are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 which has declared them as "institutions of national importance", and lays down their powers, duties, framework for governance etc. The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists sixteen institutes located at Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Delhi, Gandhinagar, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Jodhpur, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mandi, Mumbai, Patna, Ropar, Roorkee and Varanasi. Each IIT is an autonomous institution, linked to the others through a common IIT Council, which oversees their administration. The IITs award degrees ranging from B.Tech to PhD.The IITs have a common admission process for undergraduate admissions. It was called IIT-JEE, which was replaced by Joint Entrance Examination in 2013. The post-graduate level program that awards M.Tech degree in engineering is administered by the older IITs . M.Tech admission is done on the basis of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering . In addition to B.Tech and M.Tech programs IITs also award other graduate degrees such as M.Sc in Engineering, Maths, Physics and Chemistry, MBA, PhD etc. Admission to these programs of IITs is done through Common Admission Test, Joint Admission Test for Masters and Common Entrance Examination for Design . Wikipedia.

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur | Date: 2011-12-05

A method and system to detect the microcalcifications (MC) in different type of images viz. X-ray images/mammograms/computer tomography with varied densities using nonlinear energy operator (NEO) is disclosed to favor precise detection of early breast cancer. Such Microcalcifications are associated with both high intensity and high frequency content. The same NEO output is useful to detect and remove the irrelevant curvilinear structures (CLS) thereby helps in reducing the false alarms in micro calcification detection technique. This is effective on different dataset (scanned film, mammograms with large spatial resolution such as CR and DR) of varied breast composition (viz. dense, fatty glandular, fatty), demonstrated quantitatively by Free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC). Importantly, the method and apparatus of the invention can be used in conjunction with machine learning techniques viz. SVM to favor detection of incipient or small microcalcifications, thus benefiting radiologists in confirming detection of micro-calcifications in X-rays images/mammograms and reducing death rates.

The present invention relates to an improved ultrasound imaging method/technique for speckle reduction/suppression in an ultra sound imaging system in which scan conversion and speckle reduction is performed simultaneously in the scan conversion stage avoiding any kind of conventional interpolation. An improved method for speckle reduction in an ultrasound imaging system and an improved ultra sound imaging system for speckle reduction is provided in the present invention. The method comprises steps of receiving in a processor means raw data samples as an input comprising image signals with noises from a logarithmic amplifier, processing the received image signals for scan conversion and speckle reduction in the processor means so as to get pixel value from the raw data samples and to perform speckle reduction so as to provide speckle filtered output image.

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur | Date: 2012-10-18

Technologies are presented for data deduplication that operates at relatively high throughput and with relatively less storage space than conventional techniques. Building upon content-dependent chunking (CDC) using Rabin fingerprints, data may be fingerprinted and stored in variable-size chunks. In some examples, data may be chunked on multiple levels, for example, two levels, variable size large chunks in the first level and fixed-size sub-chunks in the second level, in order to prevent sub-chunks common to two or more data chunks from not being deduplicated. For example, at a first level, a CDC algorithm may be employed to fingerprint and chunk data in content-dependent sizes (variable sizes), and at a second level the CDC chunks may be sliced into small fixed-size chunks. The sliced CDC chunks may then be used for deduplication.

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur | Date: 2015-01-16

The present invention relates to an apparatus and a method to spin hollow fibres of dialysis grade with diameter around 220 microns and thickness of around 35-40 microns, by wet spinning technique. The present invention spinning is carried out by using an apparatus having a nitrogen cylinder (

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur | Date: 2012-09-28

An electronic travel aid (ETA) for visually impaired and blind people (subject) with minimum physical interface adapted to perform real-time navigation without digital camera and complex hardware. Importantly, the electronic travel aid relates to real-time situations with speech messages stored in flash memory for aiding the visually impaired or blind people. The electronic travel aid is provided involving wireless or wired technology and is directed to serve as a low-cost, robust, reliable, and user-friendly solution for blind or visually impaired navigation.

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