Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research

Lucknow, India

Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research

Lucknow, India

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Keizerweerd A.T.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Chandra A.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Chandra A.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research | Grisham M.P.,U.S. Department of Agriculture
Journal of Virological Methods | Year: 2015

A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for detecting Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) and Sorghum mosaic virus (SrMV) in sugarcane. Six sets of four primers corresponding to the conserved coat protein gene were designed and tested for each virus. Three primer sets designed for detecting SCMV and four for detecting SrMV were successful in the RT-LAMP assay. The effective primer sets were not only specific for their target virus, but also able to detect multiple virus strains. The magnesium sulfate concentration of the reaction solution was optimized, with both viruses requiring a minimum of 5. mM for detection. The sensitivity of this RT-LAMP assay was less than that of conventional and real-time RT-PCR. © 2014.


Kumar D.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research | Singh A.,Punjab Agricultural University | Tarsikka P.S.,Punjab Agricultural University
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2013

Electrical properties of edible oil depend upon its total polar component, temperature and the frequency of the applied voltage. Dielectric constant, dielectric loss tangent and electrical conductivity were measured for cottonseed (Gossypium sp.), ground nut (Apios americana), mustard (Brasicca compestriss) and sun flower (Helianthus annuus) oils in the temperature range of 20 to 100 C so as to assess the potential of their applicability for assessing the quality of oils. Viscosity of the oils is an other important physical property associated with their processing and quality control. Viscosity of these oils was experimentally measured. The correlation of viscosity with dielectric loss tangent and viscosity with electrical conductivity were tested. The best correlating relations along with correlation constants, valid for the temperature range of 20-100 C are presented. The regression equation developed relating viscosity with loss tangent and electrical conductivity had high correlation coefficient (R2 > 0.96) for all the four oils within temperature range of 20-100 C. © 2011 Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India).


Hasan S.S.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research | Isaac R.K.,Allahabad Agriculture Institute
Expert Systems with Applications | Year: 2011

Web-based expert system development has been considered as complex, multidisciplinary and knowledge driven process. This paper presents a framework for development of web-based expert system with integrated approach of MAS-CommonKADS agent-oriented methodology, Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture and web applications optimization strategies to deal with complexity of development and to achieve high usability. Study will guide in software engineering of developing such system with respect to Internet Technologies. Application of proposed framework for developing web-based expert system in sugarcane disorder diagnosis has been demonstrated. Results indicate that proposed methodology better deal with complexity of web-based expert system development and usability. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Solomon S.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
Sugar Tech | Year: 2014

The Indian sugar industry plays a leading role in global sugar market, it being the world's second largest producer after Brazil producing nearly 15 and 25 % of global sugar and sugarcane, respectively. It is a significant contributor to the socio-economic development of the nation. The sugar industry which encompasses 597 operating sugar mills, 309 distilleries and 213 cogeneration plant and numerous pulp, paper and chemical making units is supported by four leading sugarcane research institutions, 22 state sugarcane research stations, world class sugar machinery manufacturers, suppliers and technical experts. The area under sugarcane hovers around 5 million ha which is nearly 3 % of the gross cultivable area in the country, the industry produces around 300-350 MT cane, 23-25 MT white sugar and 6-8 MT jaggery and khandsari to meet the domestic requirement of sweeteners. Besides, about 2.9 billion litres of alcohol and 2,330 MW power and many chemicals are also produced. The industry is able to export around 1,300 MW of power to the grid. Indian sugar industry is fully capable of meeting demand of potable alcohol as well as 10 % blending in gasoline. The industry is gradually transforming into sugar complexes by producing sugar, bio-electricity, bio-ethanol, bio-manure and chemicals; these contribute about 1.1 % to the national GDP. Currently, the turnover of the sugarcane and sugar related economic activities is in the range of Rs. 80-85 thousand crores per annum, out of which around Rs. 55-60 thousand crores accrues to the sugarcane farmers of the country. Emerging businesses like fuel ethanol, raw sugar and structural changes in global market have provided new horizons for the Indian sugar industry. The sector today has transformational opportunities that would enable it not only to continue to serve the largest domestic markets but has also to emerge as a significant carbon credit and green power producer, with the potential to support an ethanol blending programme of E10 and beyond. The contribution of these activities to the turnover of the industry at the moment is around Rs. 10-12 thousand crores which is likely to increase substantially in imminent future. © 2014 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.


Chandra A.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
Sugar Tech | Year: 2011

Sucrose is the prime product of sugarcane hence continued research is needed to improve its level in cane stalk. Bio-physiological aspects with relation to growth and sucrose storage mechanism are still poorly understood though the morphology and anatomy of sugarcane has been extensively studied. Still too many gaps exist in our knowledge as far as unique development, physiology and synthesis/degradation of sucrose in sugarcane are concerned. It is imperative to first visualize the impact of a selected trait on general sugarcane physiology as crop is highly compensatory in nature. Eventually, these gaps have slow down the precise improvement to enhance the expression of desired agronomical traits. Increased photosynthetic capacity of variety concomitant with increased cane yield has no value unless until sugar content is increased in that proportion. Realistically, it is difficult to increase sucrose level in cane stalk without prior knowledge of the factors that affect sugarcane yield and carbon partitioning. Since many genes involved in the metabolism of sucrose including signals and factors responsible for its regulation, further complicates the situation. Factors related to multiple environmental constraints namely temperature, water deficit and excess, increased CO2 and availability of nutrient directly or indirectly influence or cross talk the controlling pathways of growth and sucrose metabolism. In the present review an attempt has been made to discuss and explore the possibility of enhancing sucrose productivity in sugarcane addressing the issues pertaining to physiology, biochemistry and biotechnology primarily focusing India as the active centre for the sugar and sugarcane production. © 2011 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.


Anwar S.I.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
Journal of Engineering Science and Technology | Year: 2010

In jaggery making furnaces, sugarcane bagasse is used as fuel. Moisture content of bagasse affects its calorific value. So burning of bagasse at suitable level of moisture is essential from the viewpoint of furnace performance. Moisture content can also be used for indirect calculation of fibre content in sugarcane. Normally gravimetric method is used for moisture content determination, which is time consuming. Therefore, an attempt has been made to use microwave oven for drying of bagasse. It took about 20 to 25 minutes for the determination as compared to 8-10 hours in conventional hot air drying method and the results were comparable to the values obtained from hot air drying method. © School of Engineering.


Solomon S.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
Sugar Tech | Year: 2011

Sugar industry is the second largest agro-based industry in India and contributes significantly to the socio-economic development of rural population. It supports 50 million farmers and their families and provides direct employment to over 0. 5 million skilled and semi-skilled persons in sugar mills and integrated industries. The Indian sugar industry plays a leading role in global sugar market being the world's second largest producer after Brazil, producing nearly 15 and 25% of global sugar and sugarcane, respectively. The sugar industry which encompasses 599 operating sugar mills, 309 distilleries and 180 cogeneration plant and numerous pulp, paper and chemical making units is supported by four leading sugarcane research institutions, twenty-two state sugarcane research stations, world class sugar machinery manufacturers, suppliers and technical experts. Currently, the industry produces around 300-350 million tonnes (Mt) cane, 20-22 Mt white sugar and 6-8 Mt jaggery and khandsari to meet the domestic consumption of sweeteners. Besides, about 2. 7 billion liters of alcohol and 2,300 MW power and many chemicals are also produced. The industry is able to export around 1,300 MW of power to the grid. Indian sugar industry is fully capable of meeting demand of potable alcohol as well as 10% blending in gasoline. Industry is gradually transforming into sugar complexes by producing sugar, bio-electricity, bio-ethanol, bio-manure and chemicals; these contribute about 1% to the National GDP. Emerging businesses like fuel ethanol, raw sugar and structural changes in global market have provided new horizons for the Indian sugar industry. The sector today has transformational opportunities that would enable it not only to continue to service the largest domestic markets but has also emerged as a significant carbon credit and green power producer and has the potential to support an ethanol blending programme of E10 and beyond. © 2011 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.


Solomon S.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
Sugar Tech | Year: 2011

Sugarcane is one of the best converter of solar energy into biomass and sugar. The biomass which contains fiber, lignin, pentosans and pith can be converted into value added products by application of suitable chemical, biochemical and microbial technologies. The processing of sugarcane generates bagasse, molasses and press mud which has great economic value. Besides these main by-products, there are other residues which are produced from sugarcane and have less commercial value such as trash, green tops, wax, fly ash and spent wash. Indian sugar industry has been processing these by-products to generate bioethanol, bio-electricity and many value added products in Sugar-Agro-industrial Complexes. © 2011 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.


Singh R.D.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research | Tiwari G.N.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
Energy | Year: 2010

We have evaluated the five typical shape of the greenhouse for energy conservation in winter months for a composite climate. An expression for the plant temperature has been used for steady state analysis. Numerical computation has been carried out for the climatic condition of Delhi, India. The evaluation of the shape of the greenhouse has been done for a given floor area. Additional energy required from other fuels to maintain the necessary temperature has also been considered. It has been observed that a standard peak uneven span is suitable for minimum use of liquefied petroleum gas for a given favourable plant temperature. Experimental validation of the thermal model has also been carried out. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Anwar S.I.,Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research
Energy Conversion and Management | Year: 2010

In this paper the concept of fins has been used for heating purpose for improving efficiency of open pan jaggery making furnace. Pan is the integral part of these furnaces where boiling/concentration of sugarcane juice take place. Parallel fins were provided to the bottom of main pan and gutter pan of IISR Lucknow 2-pan furnace. Choice for type of fins was based on movement of flames and hot flue gases generated due to combustion of bagasse. Fins helped in more heat transfer to the sugarcane juice being concentrated. Considerable improvement in heat utilization efficiency (9.44%) was observed which resulted in saving of fuel and energy (31.34%). © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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