Bangalore, India
Bangalore, India

Indian Institute of Science is a public university for scientific research and higher education located in Bengaluru , India. Established in 1899 with active support from Jamshetji Tata it is also locally known as the "Tata Institute". It acquired the status of a Deemed University in 1958. IISc is widely regarded as India's finest institution in its field, and has made significant contribution to advanced computing, space, and nuclear technologies. Wikipedia.

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The present disclosure relates to aluminum based alloys and a method for producing the aluminium based alloys. The method comprises acts of, casting of the aluminium based alloy in a chilled casting mould. Then, aging the cast aluminium based alloy at a first predetermined temperature for a first predetermined time. The aging results in the formation of a first precipitate. Followed by this, solutionizing the aluminium based alloy at a second predetermined temperature for a second predetermined time such that the major alloying element is dissolved in aluminium matrix without much affecting the first precipitate. Then, aging the aluminium based alloy at a third predetermined temperature for a third predetermined time. The aging results in the formation of a second precipitate.

The invention discloses a method for the synthesis of monodispersed luminescent quantum dots of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC), single- or few-layered, using a single-step electrochemical exfoliation that involves dilute ionic liquid and water. The method disclosed helps to obtain nanoclusters of TMDC of desired size including small sizes ranging up to 6 nm, by varying the concentration of the electrolyte and the applied DC voltage. The invention further discloses a method by which mono- or few-layered luminescent transition metal dichalcogenides can be directly deposited onto conducting substrates in a uniform manner. The monodispersed single- or few-layered luminescent TMDC and electro-deposited substrates exhibit improved electronic conductivity and new active sites, making them suitable as high-performance electrocatalysts in hydrogen evolution reactions in solar water-splitting applications and also as electrodes for solar cell applications.

Indian Institute of Science | Date: 2015-03-21

Embodiments herein present the invention of a class of Tungsten (W) free Cobalt based (-) superalloys with the basic chemical composition comprising in % by weight: 0.5 to 10 Aluminium (Al) and 1 to 15 Molybdenum (Mo) with at least one or both of 0.5 to 12 Niobium (Nb) and 0.5 to 12 Tantalum (Ta), with the remainder being Cobalt (Co). Some part of the cobalt can be replaced by nickel (50% or less). In Nickel added alloys, some part of either cobalt of nickel can be replaced by at least one among the transition metal selected from the group consisting of 10% or less Iridium, 10% or less Platinum, 10% or less Palladium, 15% or less Chromium and combination thereof. Again in nickel added alloys, further addition of at least one among the transition metals zirconium (5% or less), hafnium (5% or less), vanadium (5% or less), titanium (5% or less), and yttrium (5% or less), boron (2% or less), carbon (2% or less), rhenium (10% or less), ruthenium (5% or less) for further fine tune the solvus temperature, volume fraction of and creep properties.

Chakrabarty R.,University of Utah | Mukherjee P.S.,Indian Institute of Science | Stang P.J.,University of Utah
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2011

Early coordination-driven self-assembly paradigms and more complex and discrete 2D and 3D supramolecular ensembles are reviewed. Work in this field focused on the development of rational methodologies for the self-assembly of predesigned systems along with their characterization. Multinuclear, high-resolution NMR and electrospray mass spectrometry are the primary and essential tools for proper characterization along with X-ray and more recently synchrotron X-ray methods. The most recent and arguably interesting applications have been in catalysis, use as microreactors and biological applications. Raymond and Bergman have exploited the cavities of self-assembled 3D cages for enzyme-like catalysis. Coordination-driven self-assembly will continue to be an active area of research and an important component of supramolecular chemistry and nanoscience.

Ray S.,Indian Institute of Science | Maunsell J.H.R.,University of Chicago
Trends in Cognitive Sciences | Year: 2015

Gamma rhythm (which has a center frequency between 30 and 80. Hz) is modulated by cognitive mechanisms such as attention and memory, and has been hypothesized to play a role in mediating these processes by supporting communication channels between cortical areas or encoding information in its phase. We highlight several issues related to gamma rhythms, such as low and inconsistent power, its dependence on low-level stimulus features, problems due to conduction delays, and contamination due to spike-related activity that makes accurate estimation of gamma phase difficult. Gamma rhythm could be a potentially useful signature of excitation-inhibition interactions in the brain, but whether it also provides a mechanism for information processing or coding remains an open question. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Desiraju G.R.,Indian Institute of Science
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2011

Speak not against my bond: Another definition of the hydrogen bond? Strong hydrogen bonds satisfy all current definitions of this phenomenon, but as weaker interactions X-H⋯Y-Z have been brought into the scope of hydrogen bonding, the definitions have had to change. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Sekar S.,Indian Institute of Science
Journal of Animal Ecology | Year: 2012

1.Dispersal ability of a species is a key ecological characteristic, affecting a range of processes from adaptation, community dynamics and genetic structure, to distribution and range size. It is determined by both intrinsic species traits and extrinsic landscape-related properties. 2.Using butterflies as a model system, the following questions were addressed: (i) given similar extrinsic factors, which intrinsic species trait(s) explain dispersal ability? (ii) can one of these traits be used as a proxy for dispersal ability? (iii) the effect of interactions between the traits, and phylogenetic relatedness, on dispersal ability. 3.Four data sets, using different measures of dispersal, were compiled from published literature. The first data set uses mean dispersal distances from capture-mark-recapture studies, and the other three use mobility indices. Data for six traits that can potentially affect dispersal ability were collected: wingspan, larval host plant specificity, adult habitat specificity, mate location strategy, voltinism and flight period duration. Each data set was subjected to both unifactorial, and multifactorial, phylogenetically controlled analyses. 4.Among the factors considered, wingspan was the most important determinant of dispersal ability, although the predictive powers of regression models were low. Voltinism and flight period duration also affect dispersal ability, especially in case of temperate species. Interactions between the factors did not affect dispersal ability, and phylogenetic relatedness was significant in one data set. 5.While using wingspan as the only proxy for dispersal ability maybe problematic, it is usually the only easily accessible species-specific trait for a large number of species. It can thus be a satisfactory proxy when carefully interpreted, especially for analyses involving many species from all across the world. © 2011 The Author. Journal of Animal Ecology © 2011 British Ecological Society.

Ramaswamy S.,Indian Institute of Science
Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics | Year: 2010

Active particles contain internal degrees of freedom with the ability to take in and dissipate energy and, in the process, execute systematic movement. Examples include all living organisms and their motile constituents such as molecular motors. This article reviews recent progress in applying the principles of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and hydrodynamics to form a systematic theory of the behavior of collections of active particles - active matter - with only minimal regard to microscopic details. A unified view of the many kinds of active matter is presented, encompassing not only living systems but inanimate analogs. Theory and experiment are discussed side by side. Copyright © 2010 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

Ray S.,Indian Institute of Science
Current Opinion in Neurobiology | Year: 2015

Brain signals often show fluctuations in particular frequency bands, which are highly conserved across species and are associated with specific behavioural states. Such rhythmic patterns can be captured in the local field potential (LFP), which is obtained by low-pass filtering the extracellular signal recorded from microelectrodes. However, LFP also captures other neural processes that are associated with spikes, such as synaptic events preceding a spike, low-frequency component of the action potential ("spike bleed-through") and spike afterhyperpolarization, which pose difficulties in the estimation of the amplitude and phase of the rhythm with respect to spikes. Here we discuss these issues and different techniques that have been used to dissociate the rhythm from other neural events in the LFP. © 2014.

Desiraju G.R.,Indian Institute of Science
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2013

How do molecules aggregate in solution, and how do these aggregates consolidate themselves in crystals? What is the relationship between the structure of a molecule and the structure of the crystal it forms? Why do some molecules adopt more than one crystal structure? Why do some crystal structures contain solvent? How does one design a crystal structure with a specified topology of molecules, or a specified coordination of molecules and/or ions, or with a specified property? What are the relationships between crystal structures and properties for molecular crystals? These are some of the questions that are being addressed today by the crystal engineering community, a group that draws from the larger communities of organic, inorganic, and physical chemists, crystallographers, and solid state scientists. This Perspective provides a brief historical introduction to crystal engineering itself and an assessment of the importance and utility of the supramolecular synthon, which is one of the most important concepts in the practical use and implementation of crystal design. It also provides a look to the future from the viewpoint of the author, and indicates some directions in which this field might be moving. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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