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Indian Institute of Science is a public university for scientific research and higher education located in Bengaluru , India. Established in 1899 with active support from Jamshetji Tata it is also locally known as the "Tata Institute". It acquired the status of a Deemed University in 1958. IISc is widely regarded as India's finest institution in its field, and has made significant contribution to advanced computing, space, and nuclear technologies. Wikipedia.

Ramaswamy S.,Indian Institute of Science
Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics | Year: 2010

Active particles contain internal degrees of freedom with the ability to take in and dissipate energy and, in the process, execute systematic movement. Examples include all living organisms and their motile constituents such as molecular motors. This article reviews recent progress in applying the principles of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and hydrodynamics to form a systematic theory of the behavior of collections of active particles - active matter - with only minimal regard to microscopic details. A unified view of the many kinds of active matter is presented, encompassing not only living systems but inanimate analogs. Theory and experiment are discussed side by side. Copyright © 2010 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

Chakrabarty R.,University of Utah | Mukherjee P.S.,Indian Institute of Science | Stang P.J.,University of Utah
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2011

Early coordination-driven self-assembly paradigms and more complex and discrete 2D and 3D supramolecular ensembles are reviewed. Work in this field focused on the development of rational methodologies for the self-assembly of predesigned systems along with their characterization. Multinuclear, high-resolution NMR and electrospray mass spectrometry are the primary and essential tools for proper characterization along with X-ray and more recently synchrotron X-ray methods. The most recent and arguably interesting applications have been in catalysis, use as microreactors and biological applications. Raymond and Bergman have exploited the cavities of self-assembled 3D cages for enzyme-like catalysis. Coordination-driven self-assembly will continue to be an active area of research and an important component of supramolecular chemistry and nanoscience.

Sekar S.,Indian Institute of Science
Journal of Animal Ecology | Year: 2012

1.Dispersal ability of a species is a key ecological characteristic, affecting a range of processes from adaptation, community dynamics and genetic structure, to distribution and range size. It is determined by both intrinsic species traits and extrinsic landscape-related properties. 2.Using butterflies as a model system, the following questions were addressed: (i) given similar extrinsic factors, which intrinsic species trait(s) explain dispersal ability? (ii) can one of these traits be used as a proxy for dispersal ability? (iii) the effect of interactions between the traits, and phylogenetic relatedness, on dispersal ability. 3.Four data sets, using different measures of dispersal, were compiled from published literature. The first data set uses mean dispersal distances from capture-mark-recapture studies, and the other three use mobility indices. Data for six traits that can potentially affect dispersal ability were collected: wingspan, larval host plant specificity, adult habitat specificity, mate location strategy, voltinism and flight period duration. Each data set was subjected to both unifactorial, and multifactorial, phylogenetically controlled analyses. 4.Among the factors considered, wingspan was the most important determinant of dispersal ability, although the predictive powers of regression models were low. Voltinism and flight period duration also affect dispersal ability, especially in case of temperate species. Interactions between the factors did not affect dispersal ability, and phylogenetic relatedness was significant in one data set. 5.While using wingspan as the only proxy for dispersal ability maybe problematic, it is usually the only easily accessible species-specific trait for a large number of species. It can thus be a satisfactory proxy when carefully interpreted, especially for analyses involving many species from all across the world. © 2011 The Author. Journal of Animal Ecology © 2011 British Ecological Society.

Desiraju G.R.,Indian Institute of Science
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2011

Speak not against my bond: Another definition of the hydrogen bond? Strong hydrogen bonds satisfy all current definitions of this phenomenon, but as weaker interactions X-H⋯Y-Z have been brought into the scope of hydrogen bonding, the definitions have had to change. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Majumder B.,Indian Institute of Science
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2011

Recently Ali et al. (2009) proposed a Generalized Uncertainty Principle (or GUP) with a linear term in momentum (accompanied by Plank length). Inspired by this idea here we calculate the quantum corrected value of a Schwarzschild black hole entropy and a Reissner-Nordström black hole with double horizon by utilizing the proposed generalized uncertainty principle. We find that the leading order correction goes with the square root of the horizon area contributing positively. We also find that the prefactor of the logarithmic contribution is negative and the value exactly matches with some earlier existing calculations. With the Reissner-Nordström black hole we see that this model-independent procedure is not only valid for single horizon spacetime but also valid for spacetimes with inner and outer horizons. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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