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Dev N.K.,Dayalbagh Educational Institute | Shankar R.,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi | Debnath R.M.,Indian Institute of Public Administration
International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology

The management of risks within the supply chain and external to it has become highly critical component of supply chain management. Inventory management is a vital tool to mitigate these risks. Lead times and review periods are important parameters in inventory management. The organizations focus on these parameters to enhance the system-wide supply chain performance in terms of services to customers. This paper aims at analyzing the efficiency of total supply chain in context of average fill rate performance. We analyze the efficiency of a hypothetical supply chain network structure which is subjected to time delays due to lead time and inventory review period changes. To understand the optimal relative efficiency among different values of average fill rate performance obtained through simulation, we used Data Envelopment Analysis approach (DEA). Taguchi experimental design procedure is used as a vehicle for conducting the simulation experiments and analyzing its outcome. The proposed integration of simulation with DEA framework provides practical implications to the decision maker as well as connotes to the real world situation where different enterprises compete for the frontier supply chain efficiency. © 2014 Springer-Verlag London. Source

Malhotra C.,Indian Institute of Public Administration | Krishnaswamy G.,Australian Catholic University
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology

Setting up of rural telecentres, popularly referred to as Common Service Centres (CSCs), are considered one of the initial forerunners of rural e-Governance initiatives under the Government of India's National e-Governance Plan (NeGP). CSCs are implemented on public-private partnership (PPP) - where State governments play a major role in facilitating the establishment of CSCs and investments are made by private companies referred to as Service Centre Agencies (SCAs). CSC implementation is expected to help in improving public service delivery in a transparent and efficient manner. However, there is very little research undertaken to study the actual impact of CSC implementation at the grassroots level. This paper addresses the gap by identifying the circumstances, concerns and expectations from the point-of-view of citizens and examining the finer aspects of social processes in the context of rural e-Governance. Source

Malhotra C.,Indian Institute of Public Administration | Chariar V.M.,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi | Das L.K.,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi | Krishnaswamy G.,Australian Catholic University | Krishnaswamy G.,Curtin University Australia
ACIS 2011 Proceedings - 22nd Australasian Conference on Information Systems

Participation in the processes related to e-Governance provides a sense of ownership to the citizens and helps enhance their cooperation in its implementation. However, little attempt has been made to elicit citizens' participation whilst designing e-Governance initiatives in the rural areas resulting in the neglect of contextual factors in e-Governance initiatives. The present study attempts to evolve suitable mechanisms for eliciting citizens' participation in rural e-Governance initiatives. Citizen Consultation Round (CCR) was conducted with the participation of 73 villagers from various Indian villages to identify the needs and expectations from Rural e- Governance initiatives (ReGI). To understand and incorporate the local concerns in ReGI, there is a need for the evolution of a series of collaborative and systematic mechanisms. Such an inclusive approach towards the design of ReGI is expected to make these initiatives more responsive to the contextual reality and hence instrumental in ushering rural development in developing economies. © 2011 Malhotra, Chariar, Das and Krishnaswamy. Source

Vazhayil J.P.,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi | Sharma V.K.,Indian Institute of Public Administration | Balasubramanian R.,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
International Journal of Energy Sector Management

Purpose: In the context of the negotiations for apportionment of emission reduction post-Kyoto regime, issues of equity and fairness have emerged. The purpose of this paper is to generate a model for equitable emission reduction apportionment. Design/methodology/approach: The mathematical model has been designed utilizing mitigation capacity (based on gross domestic product (GDP)) and cumulative excess emissions as the criteria for apportionment. Quantitative results have been arrived at, using cumulative γ and parabolic mitigation emission reduction trajectories to demonstrate the impact on stakeholders. Findings: The apportionment outcomes are independent of the specific trajectory fine-tuned in the feasibility region. Since the apportionment takes into account entitlements and the mitigation capacity, Africa and India have negligible reduction targets in tune with the development goals in these economies. Substantial reduction commitments would fall on the USA and the EU countries. China gets a moderate target due to higher emissions and GDP. Research limitations/implications: The approach is in consonance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibility enunciated in the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. The method can easily incorporate emissions trading. The issue of population as a driving factor of emissions has been partially accounted for by considering the entire national GDP as an emission reduction responsibility factor, without considering population based GDP entitlements. Originality/value: The generalized framework can be extended to situations involving responsibility apportionment in public policies dealing with externalities. The framework is original and will be useful to policymakers and other stakeholders dealing with climate change, as well as researchers looking at externalities of a global or national dimension. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Dwivedi M.,Indian Institute of Public Administration | Kacker U.,Gujarat National Law University
Journal of Third World Studies

The Indian Union premises its existence on the Nehruvian ideals of socialism and secularism with a few irritants of contemporary communal strife in the domestic milleu. Indo-US relations have undergone a remarkable transformation during the last fifteen years. Today, there is close cooperation between the two countries on the issues of far reaching consequences, such as the use of nuclear energy, space technology for peaceful purposes and missile defense. The emergence of a bipolar world during the Cold War between the superpowers enhanced the importance of the various developing countries in foreign affairs. The concept of economic aid as an effective goal in its own right was soon replaced by the notion of mutual security through alliances and alignments. More than food security, strategic concerns have always underscored the development of Indo-American relations. Source

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