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Singh S.,Indian Institute of Management IIM
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2010

Linking small producers with markets has been identified as one of the major issues in policy and practice in improving livelihoods for millions of poor in the developing world. Small producers have many competitive advantages like lower costs, but they face threats from the demand for standardised products in global and national markets, and large volume requirements of modern markets. However, there are opportunities in organic, fair and ethical trade markets, which are particularly suited for small producers and which offer higher prices. There have been numerous experiments by different stakeholders across the developing world, including India, in linking small primary horticultural producers with markets. The focus of this paper is to review the experience with such linkages as promoted by different agencies in India, problems encountered therein, and lessons learnt. This paper examines the experiences in potato, tomato, grapes, mango, and fruits and vegetable (F&V) crops in general for different regions of India that have different institutional and market structures. The paper brings forth lessons for leveraging resources of the state, the private sector, and other development agencies, and for making use of mechanisms like contract farming. The paper concludes with lessons for policy and interventions to create more effective market linkage-building for quality production and better livelihoods. Source


Goyal M.,Indian Institute of Management IIM | Goyal M.,Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2010

Indian wind energy sector has seen a CAGR of more than 27% during the period 2002-2007. However, the annual capacity additions has been declining for the past 2 years and recently, India lost one place in the Global ranking on total installed wind capacity to China. While issues like unfavourable tariff, non-uniform state policies, unavailability of evacuation infrastructure, etc. can be attributed to the slower pace of capacity addition, the issue of unavailability of on-shore wind sites with sufficiently high wind velocity is expected to take centre stage in the next 2-3 years. Wind sites with low wind velocity make the investment unattractive to developers. Given the current situation, repowering as an investment option, which has already seen favourable response in countries like Germany and Denmark, would start maturing in India. This paper analyzes the present situation of the wind energy in India, evaluates the different wind energy market segments including repowering market, provides financial highlights of the repowering concept and ends with concluding remarks on major triggers which can set this concept in motion. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Srivastava P.R.,Indian Institute of Management IIM
Proceedings - 8th International Conference on Advanced Software Engineering and Its Applications, ASEA 2015 | Year: 2015

The judicial system needs a revamp and the Lokpal system has been put forward as a solution to all problems pertaining to corruption. However, there is need to ensure that the Lokpal also does not succumb to the same functional shortcomings as the judicial system. To deal with this, this paper proposes a robust appraisal system to evaluate the performance of the employees. Several metrics have been identified and their values will be used to calculate the appraisal value for an employee. This value will be fed in the agent based simulation of the Lokpal model, in order to assess the severity of corruption. © 2015 IEEE. Source


Verma R.,Indian Institute of Management IIM | Rajagopal,Monterrey Institute of Technology
Journal of Transnational Management | Year: 2013

Firms carrying innovative business architecture reap substantial benefits by differentiating from competitors and getting competitive advantage in terms of technology, knowledge, and networks. The authors investigate various strategic marketing frameworks by reviewing the existing literature on service innovation architecture. In order to drive efficiency in services marketing, the article puts forward service shell paradigm to investigate the role of various actors of market competitiveness and address how service firms can effectively harmonize various drivers of innovativeness with firm sustainability. The article contributes to the marketing literature by delivering new insights on services management through the shell paradigm and proposing strategic guidelines in the emerging business context. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source


Srivastava P.R.,Indian Institute of Management IIM
Computers and Electrical Engineering | Year: 2014

Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) are extensively used in the simplest electronic products. Inside, the PCB holes play a significant and important role. Holes through a PCB are typically drilled with small-diameter drill bits made of solid coated tungsten carbide. Drilling is done in a Printed Circuit Board to make holes at different points on it and is done by a robot drill to complete the whole assembly, which is frequently a bottleneck in an assembly line. Organizing and optimizing PCB drill route process is still open area of research. In this regards this paper uses the one of the newly developed heuristic technique i.e. Intelligent Water Drop (IWD) Algorithm to optimize the PCB drill routing process. The proposed method described here stands out for its ability to converge quickly using less number of iterations for the routing problem, limited use of computation resources and highly extensible for future development in robot type of application. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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