Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-03b-2014 | Award Amount: 5.21M | Year: 2015
An important question for policy makers, in the G20 and beyond, is how to bring climate action into the broader sustainable development agenda. Objectives like energy poverty eradication, increased well-being and welfare, air quality improvement, energy security enhancement, and food and water availability will continue to remain important over the next several decades. There have been relatively few scientific analyses, however, that have explored the complex interplay between climate action and development while simultaneously taking both global and national perspectives. The CD-LINKS project will change this, filling this critical knowledge gap and providing much-needed information for designing complementary climate-development policies. CD-LINKS has four overarching goals: (i) to gain an improved understanding of the linkages between climate change policies (mitigation/adaptation) and multiple sustainable development objectives, (ii) to broaden the evidence base in the area of policy effectiveness by exploring past and current policy experiences, (iii) to develop the next generation of globally consistent, national low-carbon development pathways, and (iv) to establish a research network and capacity building platform in order to leverage knowledge-exchange among institutions from Europe and other key players within the G20. Through six highly integrated work packages from empirical research to model and scenario development CD-LINKS will advance the state-of-the-art of climate-development policy analysis and modelling in a number of areas. The project aims to have a pronounced impact on the policy dialogue, both nationally and internationally: an important outcome of the project will be a list of country-specific policy recommendations for effectively managing the long-term transformation process. These recommendations will point out opportunities for policy synergies and at the same time respect political and institutional barriers to implementation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.1.1.6-3 | Award Amount: 4.26M | Year: 2011
Climate policy needs to aim at ambitious long-term climate stabilization. This will require managing the transition from carbon intensive to low carbon economies within this century. Research on mitigation pathways to a low carbon society and the associated mitigation costs is indispensable for informing policy makers. The project AMPERE is aiming for a broad exploration of mitigation pathways and associated mitigation costs under various real world limitations, while at the same time generating a better understanding about the differences across models, and the relation to historical trends. Uncertainties about the costs of mitigation originate from the entire causal chain ranging from economic activity, to emissions and related technologies, and the response of the carbon cycle and climate system to greenhouse gas emissions. AMPERE will use a sizable ensemble of state-of-the-art energy-economy and integrated assessment models to analyse mitigation pathways and associated mitigation costs in a series of multi-model intercomparisons. It will focus on four central areas: (i) The role of uncertainty about the climate response to anthropogenic forcing on the remaining carbon budget for supplying societies around the globe with energy, (ii) the role of technology availability, innovation and myopia in the energy sector, (iii) the role of policy imperfections like limited regional or sectoral participation in climate policy regimes, and (iv) the implications for decarbonisation scenarios and policies for Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2011.1.1.6-2 | Award Amount: 4.46M | Year: 2011
Now and in the foreseeable future, action on climate mitigation and adaptation doesnt seem to be sufficient to manage greenhouse gases and their impact at the scale required to achieve stringent objectives such as those compatible with the 2C target. This project aims at carrying out a rigorous assessment of what a stringent climate policy entails, and what is needed to overcome major impediments. This information will allow policymakers to better assess the costs and benefits of aggressive climate targets, and on how to make them implementable. Specifically, LIMITS will avail of the best methodological instruments to assess climate policies, whose analysis will interact with policy evaluation. Key global integrated assessment models will run climate mitigation and adaptation scenarios under new conditions and constraints, and the policy implications will be thoroughly evaluated. The needed physical changes in energy infrastructure and land use needed to comply to climate action will be assessed globally and regionally, for many of major world economies. In addition, the co-relationships of climate strategies with other pressing social and environmental issues, such as economic development, energy security and air pollution, will be analysed to identify a set of robust strategies that have the best chances of making stringent climate policy implementable.
Agarwal Y.,Indian Institute of Management
Operations Research | Year: 2013
This paper considers the problem of designing a multicommodity network with single facility type subject to the requirement that under failure of any single edge, the network should permit a feasible flow of all traffic. We study the polyhedral structure of the problem by considering the multigraph obtained by shrinking the nodes, but not the edges, in a κ-partition of the original graph. A key theorem is proved according to which a facet of the κ-node problem defined on the multigraph resulting from a κ-partition is also facet defining for the larger problem under a mild condition. After reviewing the prior work on two-partition inequalities, we develop two classes of three-partition inequalities and a large number of inequality classes based on four-partitions. Proofs of facet-defining status for some of these are provided, while the rest are stated without proof. Computational results show that the addition of three- and four-partition inequalities results in substantial increase in the bound values compared to those possible with two-partition inequalities alone. Problems of 35 nodes and 80 edges with fully dense traffic matrices have been solved optimally within a few minutes of computer time. © 2013 INFORMS.
Ramachandran J.,Indian Institute of Management
Journal of Product Innovation Management | Year: 2012
Recent research on the base of the pyramid (BoP) has called on firms to initiate market-driven interventions directed at the BoP population with the objective of identifying and pursuing mutually profitable means of attaining meaningful poverty alleviation outcomes. In response, firms as well as scholars have engaged at length with the creation of new products and services for the BoP consumer but paid far less attention to the BoP producer-a member of the BoP population who creates value by producing goods and services for sale in nonlocal markets. Additionally, extant studies have largely focused on snapshot views of BoP interventions by firms, thereby limiting our understanding of the emergence of meaningful poverty-alleviating outcomes over time from these interventions. This paper seeks to redirect attention toward the dynamic of the long-term engagement between the firm and the BoP producer. Using rich qualitative data from Fabindia-an Indian handloom retailer-this paper examines how the engagement between Fabindia and communities of handloom artisans in India has persisted over a period of five decades. We found that, even as it encountered changes in the external environment and pursued newer organizational goals, Fabindia repeatedly renewed its engagement with handloom artisans and facilitated progression in poverty-alleviation outcomes. Building on the insights from the case study, this paper presents a process model that highlights the role of innovative management practices in sustaining engagements between firms and BoP producers over time. Additionally, this paper proposes the concept of the "bridging enterprise"-a business enterprise that originates at the intersection of specific BoP communities and the corresponding nonlocal markets-as an interpreter and innovator reconciling the interests of stakeholders across the pyramid. © 2011 Product Development & Management Association.
Aggarwal M.,Indian Institute of Management
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2015
A class of compensative weighted averaging (CWA) aggregation operators, having a dedicated parameter to model compensation, is presented. The variants of CWA operator with ordered weighted averaging (OWA) operator are developed. The proposed operators are compared, both theoretically and empirically, with other operators in terms of their compensation abilities. Two approaches are proposed to learn the compensation parameter and the weight vector from the given data. The proposed learning approaches are applied in four case-studies, involving real experimental data. The usefulness of CWA operators in strategic multi-criteria decision making and supplier selection is also highlighted. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Kar A.K.,Indian Institute of Management
Expert Systems with Applications | Year: 2014
Decision support for supplier selection is a highly researched theme in procurement management literature. However applications of group decision support theories are yet to be explored extensively in this domain. This study proposes an approach for group decision support for the supplier selection problem by integrating fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for group decision making and fuzzy goal programming for discriminant analysis. In the first step, the fuzzy AHP theory with the Geometric Mean Method has been used to prioritize and aggregate the preferences of a group of decision makers. Then consensus has been developed between these aggregated priorities using the Ordinal Consensus Improvement Approach. Subsequently, the consensual priorities of this group of decision makers have been integrated with fuzzy goal programming theory for discriminant analysis to provide predictive decision support. Finally it has been shown through a case study how the integrated approach using fuzzy AHP for group decision making and fuzzy goal programming with soft constraints has been more effective as compared to an existing approach for group decision making using only AHP. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
News Article | February 15, 2017
Introducing new products through pre-order price promotions is a time-honored strategy, but how deep should those discounts be and what factors induce consumers to make the leap of faith needed to plunk down money for a brand-new model? A trio of researchers provides some answers in "Regular Price $299; Pre-order Price $199: Price Promotion for a Pre-ordered Product and the Moderating Role of Temporal Orientation," appearing in the Journal of Retailing's March 2017 issue. Marketing Professors Amaradri Mukherjee and Ronn J. Smith of the Walton College of Business at University of Arkansas and Subhash Jha of the Indian Institute of Management in Udaipur explored how consumers with different mindsets react to pre-order price promotions. Specifically, the authors designed a series of studies to assess the purchase behavior of people who were future-oriented versus those who focused on the present and to gauge how third-party ratings might also affect their buying decisions. Their initial two studies showed that deep discounts appealed more to present-oriented people but appeared to generate skepticism in more future-minded buyers. In a third study, the authors probed the ratings factor through a mock advertisement for a new smartphone that was to be released in one week. Both small and large discounts (e.g., 10 percent or 50 percent) were offered, with third-party ratings introduced as another variable. The results showed that both present- and future-oriented consumers reacted positively to the combination of quality ratings and discounts. A final study, involving tablet computers, showed that in the absence of quality ratings, a higher-image brand such as Apple fared better than a lower-image brand like Dell in regard to pre-purchase intentions. The studies showed that solely relying on an exaggerated discount might not be an effective pricing strategy in all cases, as it largely appeals to present-oriented consumers. More cautious future-oriented consumers, as well as present-focused buyers, value third-party product quality ratings to help mitigate uncertainty related to long-term concerns, so a careful calculation of the two strategies would appeal to a broader spectrum. "Our findings will allow marketers to devise more effective promotional communications, thereby minimizing negative exposure of exaggerated discounts in promotional messages to future-oriented consumers," the authors conclude.
News Article | February 27, 2017
I first encountered induction cookers when I joined Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Kozhikode, a graduate business school, as visiting professor of strategy in 2011. Having never heard of them in the U.S., I quizzed people about them.
News Article | February 22, 2017
CORVALLIS, Ore. - For adults who acquire severe hearing loss, accepting and adapting to the loss play key roles in sustaining a career and thriving in the workplace, new research from Oregon State University indicates. "People who are successful at adapting to hearing loss tend to accept that they are now biologically different from how they used to be," said David Baldridge, an associate professor of management in the OSU College of Business. "People who remain successful tend to adapt what they do at work and how they do it," he said. "They also tend to stay abreast of medical and workplace technologies such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, video relays, speech to text and interpreters." Hearing loss is a common disabling disorder that affects more than 360 million people worldwide. In the United States, more than 50 million people have hearing loss, including 60 percent of military veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Hearing loss also is part of many people's life course and careers. The percentage of the population with hearing loss increases exponentially as people age: 3.2 percent of people age 20-29, but 44.9 percent of those age 60-69. The population overall is aging and people are working longer and delaying retirement, which leads to hearing loss becoming more prevalent in the workplace. Environmental noise also plays a role in the increasing prevalence of hearing loss. How well employers and employees adapt to this change may have significant implications for both a healthy economy and healthy aging, Baldridge said. "One of our goals with this study was to understand how people who acquire a severe hearing loss can remain productive and sustain their careers," he said. "We found that there are some key traits to successfully doing so." The findings were published this month in the journal Human Relations. The co-author of the study is Mukta Kulkarni of the Indian Institute of Management in Bangalore, India. The work was supported by Oregon State University, Indian Institute of Management and the National Technical Institute for the Deaf. Baldridge and Kulkarni interviewed 40 professionals, including doctors, lawyers and consultants, who had acquired a severe hearing loss as adults in an effort to pinpoint how their hearing loss has affected their careers and identify strategies that helped them remain productive and successful. "It was not a random sample -- these are the best and brightest, most successful folks we could find," Baldridge said. "We wanted to know what they did to survive and thrive. The hope is that lessons learned from them might help others." The researchers found that those who tried to hide or deny their hearing loss tended to struggle more in the workplace, avoided social engagements and often became isolated. Those who were able to sustain their careers tended to accept and adapt to their hearing loss using a wide range of strategies, including communicating more via email and less by phone, or holding individual meetings rather than participating in group meetings. The researchers found that those who were most satisfied in their careers found ways to adopt a new work role or craft a new career around their hearing loss, sometimes becoming advocates for others. They also tended to redefine their own success, with a shift away from economic success and toward social success through service to others. "Some people are able to figure out that the hearing loss can be a positive," Baldridge said. "Those are probably the people with the highest satisfaction in their work." Additional research is needed to better understand how employers adapt to hearing loss changes among employees, with an emphasis on the roles of managers, supervisors and human resources personnel, Baldridge said.