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Kolkata, India

Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is an institute of higher learning in Kolkata, India. Established in 1876 by Mahendra Lal Sircar, a private medical practitioner, it focuses on fundamental research in basic science. It is India's oldest research institute.Located at Jadavpur, South Kolkata beside Jadavpur University, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute and Indian Institute of Chemical Biology it is spread over a limited area of 9.5 acres. Wikipedia.

Polkovnikov A.,Boston University | Sengupta K.,Indian Association for The Cultivation of Science | Silva A.,Abdus Salam International Center For Theoretical Physics | Vengalattore M.,Cornell University
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2011

This Colloquium gives an overview of recent theoretical and experimental progress in the area of nonequilibrium dynamics of isolated quantum systems. There is particularly a focus on quantum quenches: the temporal evolution following a sudden or slow change of the coupling constants of the system Hamiltonian. Several aspects of the slow dynamics in driven systems are discussed and the universality of such dynamics in gapless systems with specific focus on dynamics near continuous quantum phase transitions is emphasized. Recent progress on understanding thermalization in closed systems through the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis is also reviewed and relaxation in integrable systems is discussed. Finally key experiments probing quantum dynamics in cold atom systems are overviewed and put into the context of our current theoretical understanding. © 2011 American Physical Society. Source

Indian Association for The Cultivation of Science | Date: 2012-01-09

Highly fluorescent carbon nanoparticles (FCNs), with tunable emission colours of particle size between 1-10 nm also stable in solid form with high quantum yield (>5%) and its method of synthesis thereof yielding said carbon nanoparticles in milligram to gram scale in high synthesis yield (>80%). The present invention also provides for highly fluorescent carbon nanoparticle solution doped with heteroatom (such as oxygen, nitrogen) and its method of synthesis favoring yield of the said doped carbon nanoparticles of even smaller size ranging from 1-5 nm with narrow size distribution, and also provides for functionalized FCNs that are non-toxic, functional, soluble and stable fluorescent carbon nanoparticles with retained fluorescence for variety of end uses in biomedics, imaging applications, and detection techniques.

Indian Association for The Cultivation of Science | Date: 2010-08-10

Morpholino-based oligomers suitable as antisense agent comprising modifications of phosphorodiamidate backbone or modification with 5-substituted pyrimidines of morpholino compound that is soluble in culture medium and sufficient for cell penetration thereby eliminating the need for injecting into the cells. Monomers comprising the said oligomers and its method of manufacture, method of manufacture of the said oligomers and its dye, flurophore, drug, biomolecule conjugate wherein the said oligomers find different end use but not limited to regulation of gene expression, tissue culture with improved transfection efficiency and related studies on cellular transfection.

Das A.,Indian Association for The Cultivation of Science | Ghosh S.,Indian Association for The Cultivation of Science
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2014

We have collated various supramolecular designs that utilize organic donor-acceptor CT complexation to generate noncovalently co-assembled structures including fibrillar gels, micelles, vesicles, nanotubes, foldamers, conformationally restricted macromolecules, and liquid crystalline phases. Possibly inspired by nature, chemists have extensively used hydrogen bonding as a tool for supramolecular assemblies of a diverse range of abiotic building blocks. As a structural motif, CT complexes can be compared to hydrogen-bonded complexes in its directional nature and complementarities. Additional advantages of CT interactions include wider solvent tolerance and easy spectroscopic probing. Nevertheless the major limitation is their low association constant. This article shows different strategies have evolved over the years to overcome this drawback by reinforcing the CT interactions with auxiliary noncovalent forces without hampering the alternate stacking mode. Emerging reports on promising CT complexes in organic electronics are intimately related to various supramolecular designs that one can postulate based on donor-acceptor CT interactions. Copyright © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

Dutta S.,National Taiwan University | Bhaumik A.,Indian Association for The Cultivation of Science | Wu K.C.-W.,National Taiwan University
Energy and Environmental Science | Year: 2014

Hierarchically porous carbons (HPCs) with 1D to 3D network are attracting vast interest due to their potential technological application profile ranging from electrochemical capacitors, lithium ion batteries, solar cells, hydrogen storage systems, photonic material, fuel cells, sorbent for toxic gas separation and so on. Natural raw-materials such as biomass-biopolymer derived hierarchical nanostructured carbons are especially attractive for their uniform pore dimensions which can be adjustable over a wide range of length scales. Good electrical conductivity, high surface area, and excellent chemical stability are unique physicochemical properties which are responsible for micro/nanostructured porous carbon to be highly trusted candidate for emerging nanotechnologies. This review focuses on the 'out-of-the-box' synthetic techniques capable of deriving HPC with superior application profiles. The article presents the promising scope of accessing HPCs from (1) hard-templating, soft-templating, and non-templating routes, (2) biopolymers with a major focus on non-templating strategies. Subsequently, emerging strategies of hetero-atom doping in porous carbon nanostructures are discussed. The review will highlight the contribution of synergistic effect of macro-meso-micropores on a range of emerging applications such as CO2 capture, carbon photonic crystal sensors, Li-S batteries, and supercapacitor. Mechanism of ion transport and buffering, electrical double layer enhancement have been discussed in the context of pore structure and shapes. We will also show the differences of HPC and ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) in terms of their synthesis strategies and choices of template for self-assembly. How the remarkable mechanical strength of the HPCs can be achieved by selecting self-assembling template, whereas collapse of mesostructure via decomposition of framework occurs due to poor thermal stability or high N-content of the carbon source will be discussed. © 2014 the Partner Organisations. Source

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