Incheon Christian Hospital

Incheon, South Korea

Incheon Christian Hospital

Incheon, South Korea
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Ahn H.S.,Korea University | Kim Y.S.,Korea University | Kim S.G.,Korea University | Kim H.K.,Incheon Christian Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Hepato-Gastroenterology | Year: 2012

Background/Aims: We evaluated the usefulness of cystatin C as a prognostic marker in patients with liver cirrhosis and normal serum creatinine. Methodology: We retrospectively analyzed prospectively enrolled patients with liver cirrhosis and normal serum creatinine from February 2007 to March 2008. We checked liver function and kidney variables including serum creatinine, cystatin C and glomerular filtration rate from 51Cr-EDTA on the same day for all patients. The endpoints of the study were either development of hepatorenal syndrome or mortality. Results: In total, 112 patients with liver cirrhosis were enrolled in the study (87 men and 25 women, age 52±12 years). Twelve (11%), 59 (53%) and 41 (36%) patients were in Child-Pugh class A, B and C, respectively. Cystatin C was better correlated with glomerular filtration rate from 51Cr-EDTA than creatinine. The 1-year cumulative incidence of hepatorenal syndrome and the 1-year survival rate of patients were 20.5% and 79.5%, respectively. Cystatin C, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease and serum sodium were the independent predictive factors for hepatorenal syndrome. Cystatin C, serum sodium and prothrombin time were the independent factors for predicting survival. Conclusions: In patients with liver cirrhosis and normal creatinine levels, cystatin C is a useful marker for predicting hepatorenal syndrome and survival. © H.G.E. Update Medical Publishing S.A.


PubMed | Soonchunhyang University, Korea University, Eulji University, Incheon Christian Hospital and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The American journal of cardiology | Year: 2016

There have been several reports showing that the statin use is associated with new-onset diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of chronic statin use on development of new-onset DM in a series of Asian population. The patients were retrospectively enrolled using the electronic database of Korea University Guro Hospital from January 2004 to February 2010. A total of 10,994 patients without a history of diabetes were analyzed. Baseline lipid profiles, fasting glucose, Hemoglobin (Hb) A1c, and glucose tolerance tests were measured in all patients before statin treatment. Included patients had HbA1c 5.7% and fasting glucose level 100 (mg/dl). The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the use of statins (the statin group, n = 2,324 patients and the nonstatin group, n = 8,670 patients). To adjust baseline potential confounders, a propensity score-matched analysis was performed using logistic regression model. After propensity score matching, 2 propensity-matched groups (1,699 pairs, n = 3,398, C statistic = 0.859) were generated and analyzed. After propensity score matching, baseline characteristics of both groups were balanced except that the statin group was older and had higher rate of coronary artery disease compared with the nonstatin group. During a 3-year follow-up, the statin group had higher incidence of new-onset DM compared with the nonstatin group (hazard ratio 1.99, 95% CI 1.36 to 2.92, p <0.001), but the statin group showed lower incidence of major adverse cerebral-cardiovascular events compared with the nonstatin group (hazard ratio 0.40, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.85, p <0.001). In the present study, although the use of statins was associated with higher rate of new-onset DM, it markedly improved 3-year cardiovascular outcomes in Asian population.


PubMed | Chung - Ang University, Incheon Christian Hospital and National Rehabilitation Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Electrolyte & blood pressure : E & BP | Year: 2015

Osmotic demyelination syndrome is a demyelinating disorder associated with rapid correction of hyponatremia. But, it rarely occurs in acute hypernatremia, and it leads to permanent neurologic symptoms and is associated with high mortality. A 44-year-old woman treated with alternative medicine was admitted with a history of drowsy mental status. Severe hypernatremia (197mEq/L) with hyperosmolality (415mOsm/kgH2O) was evident initially and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a high signal intensity lesion in the pons, consistent with central pontine myelinolysis. She was treated with 0.45% saline and 5% dextrose water and intravenous corticosteroids. Serum sodium normalized and her clinical course gradually improved. Brain lesion of myelinolysis also improved in a follow-up imaging study. This is the first report of a successful treatment of hypernatremia caused by iatrogenic salt intake, and it confirms the importance of adequate fluid supplementation in severe hypernatremia.


Kang Y.M.,Incheon Christian hospital | Cho J.H.,Hallym University | Kim S.C.,Gachon University
Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids | Year: 2015

This study examined the effects of entrance surface dose (ESD) on the abdomen and pelvis of the patient when undergoing chest computed tomography (CT) procedure, and evaluated the effects of ESD reduction depending on the location of radiation shield. For CT scanner, the 64-slice multi-detector computed tomography was used. The alderson radiation therapy phantom and optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter (OSLD), which enabled measurement from low to high dose, were also used. For measurement of radiation dose, the slice number from 9 to 21 of the phantom was set as the test range, which included apex up to both costophrenic angles. A total of 10 OSLD nanoDots were attached for measurement of the front and rear ESD. Cyclic tests were performed using the low-dose chest CT and high-resolution CT (HRCT) protocol on the following set-ups: without shielding; shielding only on the front side; shielding only on the rear side; and shielding for both front and rear sides. According to the test results, ESD for both front and rear sides was higher in HRCT than low-dose CT when radiation shielding was not used. It was also determined that, compared to the set-up that did not use the radiation shield, locating the radiation shield on the front side was effective in reducing front ESD, while locating the radiation shield on the rear side reduced rear ESD level. Shielding both the front and rear sides resulted in ESD reduction. In conclusion, it was confirmed that shielding the front and rear sides was the most effective method to reduce the ESD effect caused by scatter ray during radiography. © 2015 Taylor & Francis


Hwang H.,Gachon University | Shin J.Y.,Gachon University | Park K.R.,Gachon University | Shin J.O.,Gachon University | And 3 more authors.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases | Year: 2015

Background: The adverse effects of the phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor roflumilast, appear to be more frequent in clinical practice than what was observed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) clinical trials. Thus, we designed this study to determine whether adverse effects could be reduced by starting roflumilast at half the dose, and then increasing a few weeks later to 500 μg daily. Methods We retrospectively investigated 85 patients with COPD who had taken either 500 μg roflumilast, or a starting dose of 250 μg and then increased to 500 μg. We analyzed all adverse events and assessed differences between patients who continued taking the drug after dose escalation and those who had stopped. Results: Adverse events were reported by 22 of the 85 patients (25.9%). The most common adverse event was diarrhea (10.6%). Of the 52 patients who had increased from a starting dose of 250 μg roflumilast to 500 μg, 43 (82.7%) successfully maintained the 500 μg roflumilast dose. No difference in factors likely to affect the risk of adverse effects, was detected between the dose-escalated and the discontinued groups. Of the 26 patients who started with the 500 μg roflumilast regimen, seven (26.9%) discontinued because of adverse effects. There was no statistically significant difference in discontinuation rate between the dose-escalated and the control groups (p=0.22). Conclusion: Escalating the roflumilast dose may reduce treatment-related adverse effects and improve tolerance to the full dose. This study suggests that the dose-escalated regimen reduced the rate of discontinuation. However, longer-term and larger-scale studies are needed to support the full benefit of a dose escalation strategy. Copyright © 2015 The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. All rights reserved.


Park J.,Incheon Christian Hospital | Park J.,Gachon University | Lee J.S.,Aegis Womanmed Clinic | Cho J.-H.,Shin Ansan University | Kim S.,Gachon University
Journal of Korean Medical Science | Year: 2016

In this study, the effects of high-intensity-focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment on benign uterine tumor patients were examined. A total of 333 patients diagnosed with fibroids or adenomyosis using diagnostic sonography, treated with HIFU between February 4, 2010 and December 29, 2014 at a hospital in Korea, and followed up for three or six months were selected for this study. Their benign uterine tumor volume was measured, and the effects of HIFU treatment on the volume were analyzed according to age, disease, fertility, and treatment duration. The volume of benign tumors of the uterus changed by age in all age groups after conducting HIFU treatment for 3 and 6 months, respectively. The rate of decrease in individuals' in their twenties was the largest, at 64.9%. When the decreasing volume of benign tumors of the uterus was analyzed by type of disease, the treatment efficacy for adenomyosis was the best, with a decrease of 164.83 cm3 after 6 months. Myoma had the fastest decreasing rate, at 68.5%. When evaluated on the basis of fertility, the volume of benign tumors of the uterus continued to decrease until 6 months after completing all procedures. The volume has continued to decrease for 6 months after all procedures. This study showed that HIFU treatments for uterine fibroid and adenomyosis is an effective non-invasive therapy via reducing the benign uterine tumor volume. Therefore, the HIFU method might replace other conventional treatment methods. © 2016 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.


PubMed | Gachon University and Incheon Christian Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases | Year: 2015

The adverse effects of the phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor roflumilast, appear to be more frequent in clinical practice than what was observed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) clinical trials. Thus, we designed this study to determine whether adverse effects could be reduced by starting roflumilast at half the dose, and then increasing a few weeks later to 500 g daily.We retrospectively investigated 85 patients with COPD who had taken either 500 g roflumilast, or a starting dose of 250 g and then increased to 500 g. We analyzed all adverse events and assessed differences between patients who continued taking the drug after dose escalation and those who had stopped.Adverse events were reported by 22 of the 85 patients (25.9%). The most common adverse event was diarrhea (10.6%). Of the 52 patients who had increased from a starting dose of 250 g roflumilast to 500 g, 43 (82.7%) successfully maintained the 500 g roflumilast dose. No difference in factors likely to affect the risk of adverse effects, was detected between the dose-escalated and the discontinued groups. Of the 26 patients who started with the 500 g roflumilast regimen, seven (26.9%) discontinued because of adverse effects. There was no statistically significant difference in discontinuation rate between the dose-escalated and the control groups (p=0.22).Escalating the roflumilast dose may reduce treatment-related adverse effects and improve tolerance to the full dose. This study suggests that the dose-escalated regimen reduced the rate of discontinuation. However, longer-term and larger-scale studies are needed to support the full benefit of a dose escalation strategy.


Lee M.-J.,Incheon Christian Hospital | Kim C.-E.,Inha University
Journal of Korean Medical Science | Year: 2010

This report describes the efficacy of combined use of aripiprazole in the treatment of a patient with clozapine induced enuresis. Aripiprazole acts as a potential dopamine partial agonist and the dopamine blockade in the basal ganglia might be one of the causes of urinary incontinence and enuresis. We speculate that aripiprazole functioned as a D2 agonist in hypodopaminergic state of basal ganglia caused by clozapine and maintained dopamine level that would improve enuresis ultimately. © 2010 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.


Lee J.-S.,Incheon Christian Hospital | Hong G.-Y.,Catholic University of Korea | Park B.-J.,Catholic University of Korea | Kim T.-E.,Catholic University of Korea
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2015

Abstract Objectives This study aimed to assess the therapeutic outcomes of patients with uterine fibroid or adenomyosis treated by ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) ablation at Incheon Christian Hospital, Korea. Methods This study included 618 patients, of which 272 suffered from uterine fibroid and 346 suffered from adenomyosis. Treatment was administrated using the Model Haifu JC Focused Ultrasound Tumor Therapeutic System (Chongqing Haifu Technology, Chongqing, China) under real-time ultrasound guidance. A follow-up was conducted on volume change as well as on symptom improvement using the Symptom Severity Score (SSS) and Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) after treatment. Result The uterine fibroid volume reduction rates (%) were 58.08%, 66.18%, and 77.59% at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment, respectively. The SSS reduction rates (%) were 55.58%, 52.76%, and 50.39% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The UFS-QOL score increasing rates (%) were 42.66%, 43.50%, and 43.45% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The uterine volume reduction rates (%) for adenomyosis were 43.99%, 47.01%, and 53.98% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The SSS reduction rates (%) for adenomyosis were 55.61%, 52.38%, and 57.98% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The UFS-QOL score increasing rates (%) for adenomyosis UFS-QOL score were 80.06%, 69.39%, and 85.07% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Conclusion We conclude that USgHIFU treatment for uterine fibroid and adenomyosis is an effective non-invasive therapy via the assessment of fibroid volume reduction, symptom improvement, UFS-QOL score increase, and acceptable level of side effects. Although preliminary experience of HIFU is encouraging, well-designed prospective trials and more clinical experiences are needed to ascertain the efficacy and safety of this new treatment. © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Catholic University of Korea and Incheon Christian Hospital
Type: | Journal: Ultrasonics sonochemistry | Year: 2015

This study aimed to assess the therapeutic outcomes of patients with uterine fibroid or adenomyosis treated by ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) ablation at Incheon Christian Hospital, Korea.This study included 618 patients, of which 272 suffered from uterine fibroid and 346 suffered from adenomyosis. Treatment was administrated using the Model Haifu JC Focused Ultrasound Tumor Therapeutic System (Chongqing Haifu Technology, Chongqing, China) under real-time ultrasound guidance. A follow-up was conducted on volume change as well as on symptom improvement using the Symptom Severity Score (SSS) and Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) after treatment.The uterine fibroid volume reduction rates (%) were 58.08%, 66.18%, and 77.59% at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment, respectively. The SSS reduction rates (%) were 55.58%, 52.76%, and 50.39% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The UFS-QOL score increasing rates (%) were 42.66%, 43.50%, and 43.45% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The uterine volume reduction rates (%) for adenomyosis were 43.99%, 47.01%, and 53.98% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The SSS reduction rates (%) for adenomyosis were 55.61%, 52.38%, and 57.98% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The UFS-QOL score increasing rates (%) for adenomyosis UFS-QOL score were 80.06%, 69.39%, and 85.07% by 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively.We conclude that USgHIFU treatment for uterine fibroid and adenomyosis is an effective non-invasive therapy via the assessment of fibroid volume reduction, symptom improvement, UFS-QOL score increase, and acceptable level of side effects. Although preliminary experience of HIFU is encouraging, well-designed prospective trials and more clinical experiences are needed to ascertain the efficacy and safety of this new treatment.

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