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Eskişehir, Turkey

Oksuz O.,Middle East Technical University | Oksuz O.,Inc. TEI | Akmandor I.S.,Middle East Technical University
Journal of Turbomachinery | Year: 2010

In this paper, a new multiploid genetic optimization method handling surrogate models of the CFD solutions is presented and applied for a multi-objective turbine blade aerodynamic optimization problem. A fast, efficient, robust, and automated design method is developed to aerodynamically optimize 3D gas turbine blades. The design objectives are selected as maximizing the adiabatic efficiency and torque so as to reduce the weight, size, and cost of the gas turbine engine. A 3D steady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes solver is coupled with an automated unstructured grid generation tool. The solver is verified using two well-known test cases. The blade geometry is modeled by 36 design variables plus the number of blade variables in a row. Fine and coarse grid solutions are respected as high- and low-fidelity models, respectively. One of the test cases is selected as the baseline and is modified by the design process. It was found that the multiploid multi-objective genetic algorithm successfully accelerates the optimization and prevents the convergence with local optimums. Copyright © 2010 by ASME.

Tei Co. | Date: 2012-12-13

Speaker systems having simple structure, high output power, and desired directivity are disclosed. In one embodiment, a speaker system includes a first sound emission surface that emits a first sound in a first direction and a second sound emission surface that emits a second sound in a second direction that intersects with the first direction at a predetermined angle. The first and second sounds include at least sounds respectively generated from a common first signal source and different in phase from each other.

Tei Co. | Date: 2012-10-04

An array speaker system includes a plurality of speaker units that respectively emit sounds in accordance with an input signal and an outer casing that supports the plurality of speaker units. Each speaker unit can be provided with a speaker operable to vibrate a vibrator in accordance with the signal, and a cavity back box that supports the speaker. The cavity back box forms a rear space with the vibrator on the opposite side with respect to the sound emission surface. The array speaker system thus constructed can emit a high power sound with a simple structure and improved stability in acoustic properties.

Dogu Y.,Kirikkale University | Bahar A.S.,Kirikkale University | Sertcakan M.C.,Kirikkale University | Piskin A.,Inc. TEI | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power | Year: 2016

Brush seals require custom design and tailoring due to their behavior driven by flow dynamic, which has many interacting design parameters, as well as their location in challenging regions of turbomachinery. Therefore, brush seal technology has not reached a conventional level across the board standard. However, brush seal geometry generally has a somewhat consistent form. Since this consistent form does exist, knowledge of the leakage performance of brush seals depending on specific geometric dimensions and operating conditions is critical and predictable information in the design phase. However, even though there are common facts for some geometric dimensions available to designers, open literature has inadequate quantified information about the effect of brush seal geometric dimensions on leakage. This paper presents a detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) investigation quantifying the leakage values for some geometric variables of common brush seal forms functioning in some operating conditions. Analyzed parameters are grouped as follows: axial dimensions, radial dimensions, and operating conditions. The axial dimensions and their ranges are front plate thickness (z1 = 0.040-0.150 in.), distance between front plate and bristle pack (z2 = 0.010-0.050 in.), bristle pack thickness (z3 = 0.020-0.100 in.), and backing plate thickness (z4 = 0.040-0.150 in.). The radial dimensions are backing plate fence height (r1 = 0.020-0.100 in.), front plate fence height (r2 = 0.060-0.400 in.), and bristle free height (r3 = 0.300-0.500 in.). The operating conditions are chosen as clearance (r0 = 0.000-0.020 in.), pressure ratio (Rp = 1.5-3.5), and rotor speed (n = 0-40 krpm). CFD analysis was carried out by employing compressible turbulent flow in 2D axisymmetric coordinate system. The bristle pack was treated as a porous medium for which flow resistance coefficients were calibrated by using literature based test data. Selected dimensional and operational parameters for a common brush seal form were investigated, and their effects on leakage performance were quantified. CFD results show that, in terms of leakage, the dominant geometric dimensions were found to be the bristle pack thickness and the backing plate fence height. It is also clear that physical clearance dominates leakage performance, when compared to the effects of other geometric dimensions. The effects of other parameters on brush seal leakage were also analyzed in a comparative manner. Copyright © 2016 by ASME.

Dogu Y.,Kirikkale University | Sertcakan M.C.,Kirikkale University | Bahar A.S.,Kirikkale University | Piskin A.,Inc. TEI | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power | Year: 2016

Conventional labyrinth seal applications in turbomachinery encounter a permanent teeth tip damage and wear during transitional operations. This is the dominant issue that causes unpredictable seal leakage performance degradation. Since the gap between the rotor and the stator changes depending on engine transitional operations, labyrinth teeth located on the rotor/stator wear against the stator/rotor. This wear is observed mostly in the form of the labyrinth teeth becoming a mushroom shape. It is known that, as a result of this tooth tip wear, leakage performance permanently decreases, which negatively affects the engine's overall efficiency. However, very limited information about leakage performance degradation caused by mushroom wear is available in open literature. This paper presents a study that numerically quantifies leakage values for various radii of mushroom-shaped labyrinth teeth by changing tooth-surface clearance, pressure ratio, number of teeth, and rotor speed. Analyzed parameters and their ranges are mushroom radius (R = 0-0.508 mm), clearance (cr = 0.254-2.032 mm), pressure ratio (Rp = 1.5-3.5), number of teeth (nt = 1-12), and rotor speed (n = 0-80 krpm). Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses were carried out by employing compressible turbulent flow in 2D axisymmetrical coordinate system. CFD leakage results were also compared with well-known labyrinth seal semi-empirical correlations. Given a constant clearance, leakage increases with the size of the mushroom radius that forms on the tooth. This behavior is caused by less flow separation and flow disturbance, and the vena contracta effect for flow over the smoothly shaped mushroom tooth tip compared to the sharp-edged tooth tip. This leakage increase is higher when the tooth tip wear is considered as an addition to the unworn physical clearance, since the clearance dominates the leakage. The leakage affected by the number of teeth was also quantified with respect to the mushroom radius. The rotational effect was also studied as a secondary parameter. Copyright © 2016 by ASME.

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