INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority

Rome, Italy

INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority

Rome, Italy
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Malizia A.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Antonelli L.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Aresco S.,INAIL Italian Workers' Compensation Authority | Aspetti P.C.,BMD SpA | And 38 more authors.
Defense and Security Analysis | Year: 2016

Nowadays, Chemical-Biological-Radiological-Nuclear-explosive (CBRNe) risks are one of the world's main safety concerns. The radiological disasters of Fukushima and Chernobyl, the chemical events of Seveso or the release of Sarin in the Tokyo Subway, the biological emergencies such as the H1N1 flu or the recent Ebola outbreak, and recent news about the availability of non-conventional weapons acquired by fundamentalist organisations represent evidence of potential future threats. CBRNe risks are a real and global threat. The University of Rome, Tor Vergata, in collaboration with the most important Italian and international bodies working in the field of CBRNe safety and security, and supported by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, organises International Masters Courses on the Protection against CBRNe events. Within this framework, a Table-Top Exercise was planned, in collaboration with the Italian Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Defence. The scenario, the logistic organisation, on-going adjustments during the exercise and the outcomes are presented here and analysed. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


Mattioli S.,University of Bologna | Farioli A.,University of Bologna | Cooke R.M.T.,University of Bologna | Baldasseroni A.,Tuscany Regional Center for Occupational Injuries and Diseases | And 8 more authors.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2012

Objective: To compare the yield of hand-searching with optimised electronic search strategies in retrieving occupational health (OH) intervention studies published in a language other than English. Methods: The authors systematically hand-searched and screened reports of OH intervention studies published in Italian in peer-reviewed scientific journals between 1990 and 2008. The authors evaluated how many of them met the Cochrane Occupational Safety and Health Review Groups (OSHRG) definition of being an OH intervention study and how many potentially relevant studies retrieved by hand-searching would not be found by PubMed alone using the OSHRG's most specific and most sensitive search strings. Results: Hand-searching retrieved 25 articles (reporting 27 studies), including nine not indexed in MEDLINE. Most studies (81%, 22/27) had a before-after design and only one was a randomised trial. The OSHRG's most sensitive search string retrieved all 16 articles published in the Italian language journals that were indexed in MEDLINE, while the most specific search strategy retrieved nine articles (56%, 9/16). The most specific search string showed a lower 'number needed to read' value than the most sensitive one (60 vs 132). Conclusions: These findings suggest that a sensitive electronic search strategy may be able to find most of the OH interventions published in languages other than English that are indexed in MEDLINE. Hand-searching of important national journals not indexed in MEDLINE should be considered when conducting particularly in-depth research.


Giliberti C.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Bedini A.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Salerno S.,ENEA
COMPEL - The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering | Year: 2012

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to apply a dedicated checklist for the evaluation of good practice information in the design of Italian internet sites on electromagnetic fields (emf) and health. Design/methodology/approach - The "Guidelines on the collection, evaluation and dissemination of good practice information on the Internet" by European Occupational Safety and Health Agency (EU-OSHA) and the criteria of effective health communication, by the American National Institute of Health (NIH), have been reoriented to the issue "emf and health". In total, 100 Italian internet sites, provided by the search engine GoogleItalia, have been analysed. Findings - The results show how Italian official sources of information on "emf and health", mainly affiliated to public institutions, apply good practice criteria in the design of internet sites, in terms of Identity card of the provider, quality of information, usability, interactivity and content of the sites. Practical implications - In recent years, the internet has become a powerful tool for information, especially concerning health issues. Internet users need to find a trusted source providing accurate, balanced, evidence-based, reliable, understandable information. This research provides practical criteria for selecting good practice information in the internet sites dedicated to "emf and health". Originality/value - The authors' effort in collecting and evaluating main criteria for an ergonomic design of internet sites dedicated to "emf and health", confirms the need to implement usability of the internet sites and enhance the quality of information provided in the web in terms of "good practice". © 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Augusto P.,INAIL Italian workers Compensation Authority
21st International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2014, ICSV 2014 | Year: 2014

The study concerns a noise impact prediction, in order to establish compliance according to the contract of new water cooling towers that will be installed following the completion of a modern central cooling subservient at the General Hospital "A. Gemelli" in Rome. To characterize the existing cooling towers of the refrigeration unit, and to detect the residual noise of the area, sound level measurements were carried out during the night. These samples, together with the sound emission data of the new sources (certified by the manufacturer), were used in order to build the prediction noise Scenarios using "CADNA" software and other appropriate algorithms. Copyright © (2014) by the International Institute of Acoustics & Vibration All rights reserved.


Bragatto P.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Agnello P.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Ansaldi S.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Artenio E.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Delle Site C.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority
Journal of Applied Engineering Science | Year: 2015

The knowledge about pressure equipment failure modes and rates is essential for the risk management. In the Seventies an incomparable effort was made by National Authorities, which at that time controlled the pressure equipment, aiming at providing the industry with trustable reliability parameters, which are still in us, even though repeatedly amended by experts. In order to revive and update the knowledge on this matter, the judgment of the experts is not enough and much more data on the field must be gathered. Experimental studies on a large scale are now impossible, thus the only way is to exploit potential of semantic search and the huge data in the public domain. The information scattered in the web, tied together, may provide industry and authorities with the knowledge they need to make the right decisions.


Rinaldini A.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Ciucci M.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Marino A.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Bellagamba S.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Buccheri G.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority
12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference and EXPO - Modern Management of Mine Producing, Geology and Environmental Protection, SGEM 2012 | Year: 2012

This paper deals with both spectral and array techniques aimed at the assessment of local seismic response in the industrial district of the Sulmona basin, Central Apennines. A geotechnical characterization of the subsoil was accomplished using a geognostic database developed both collecting data by carrying out cross-hole investigations, and acquiring information provided by previous field prospectings. Shear-waves velocities values of subsurface layers were measured in 3 couples of boreholes and on undisturbed core samples were defined both the main static and dynamic geotechnical properties. Background noise measurements were performed applying the Nakamura's technique (HVSR), that allow to compute the fundamental vibration period at the selected site. Three arrays of noise measurements were performed in free field disposed along the basin both longitudinally and transversally; data were collected in the dominion of the frequencies calculating, for each component, the mean of the Fourier spectra obtained by acquisition windows with a time span of 40 seconds. The H/V spectral ratios were collected in the 1-10 Hz building interest frequency domain and data were used to calibrate the 1-D simulations, performed by using as source a seismic record of M=5.5. The obtained results point out that local site effects are present in the central and eastern part of the basin. © SGEM2012 All Rights Reserved by the International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM.


Cavallo D.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Ursini C.L.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Fresegna A.M.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Maiello R.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | And 4 more authors.
Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis | Year: 2013

Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture of chemicals, some of which are known as carcinogens. The cyto-genotoxic effects of cigarette-smoke extract (CSE) from commercial cigarettes without (A and B) and with filter (C and D) were evaluated at different CSE concentrations on A549 and BEAS-2B cells. The particle content of the cigarette smoke and the metal composition of the CSE were also analyzed. The cells were exposed to 1-10% of the CSE from one cigarette per experiment. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by use of the MTT assay after 24. h, and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay after 30. min and 24. h. The Fpg-modified comet assay was used to evaluate direct-oxidative DNA damage on cells exposed for 30. min. As expected, unfiltered cigarette smoke (particularly from the B cigarette) contained a higher number of particles than filtered smoke. With smoke extract from the B cigarette we found a decrease in cell viability only in BEAS-2B cells. The results of the LDH test showed membrane damage for B-cigarette smoke extract, particularly in BEAS-2B cells. Extracts from unfiltered cigarette smoke induced significant direct DNA damage, to a larger extent in A549 cells. Filtered cigarette-smoke extract induced a significant direct DNA damage at 5-10%. A significant induction of oxidative DNA damage was found at the highest CSE concentration in both cell types (by smoke extracts from B and C cigarettes in A549 cells, and from A and D cigarettes in BEAS-2B cells). Smoke extracts from filter cigarettes induced less direct DNA damage than those from unfiltered cigarettes in A549 cells, probably due to a protective effect of filter. In BEAS-2B cells the smoke extract from the B-cigarette showed the highest genotoxic effect, with a concentration-dependent trend.These findings show a higher cyto-genotoxicity for smoke extracts from the B-cigarette and oxidative effects for those from the A and D cigarettes, particularly in BEAS-2B cells. Moreover, there was a higher responsiveness of A549 cells to genotoxic insult of CSE, and a cigarette-dependent genotoxicity in BEAS-2B cells. Our experimental model demonstrated to be suitable to sensitively detect early genotoxic response of different lung-cell types to non-cytotoxic concentrations of complex inhalable mixtures. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Bragatto P.A.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority | Pirone A.,INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority
Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management - Proceedings of the European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2011 | Year: 2012

The main goal of the present paper is to transfer the recent findings in occupational risk quantification, into the question of industrial ports. In chemical ports there are a few specific problems, which include vessel vulnerability, navigation risks and security procedures. Furthermore the method is required to be simple and easy to use in order to be shared by all stakeholders. This paper is aiming to propose a semi-quantitative method, based on the bowtie approach, which has been developed for the assessment of the personnel risk at an Italian industrial port. The performances of the preventive and protective barriers have been derived from safety inspections, as ruled by Seveso Legislation. © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group.


PubMed | INAIL Italian Workers Compensation Authority
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Mutation research | Year: 2013

Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture of chemicals, some of which are known as carcinogens. The cyto-genotoxic effects of cigarette-smoke extract (CSE) from commercial cigarettes without (A and B) and with filter (C and D) were evaluated at different CSE concentrations on A549 and BEAS-2B cells. The particle content of the cigarette smoke and the metal composition of the CSE were also analyzed. The cells were exposed to 1-10% of the CSE from one cigarette per experiment. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by use of the MTT assay after 24h, and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay after 30min and 24h. The Fpg-modified comet assay was used to evaluate direct-oxidative DNA damage on cells exposed for 30min. As expected, unfiltered cigarette smoke (particularly from the B cigarette) contained a higher number of particles than filtered smoke. With smoke extract from the B cigarette we found a decrease in cell viability only in BEAS-2B cells. The results of the LDH test showed membrane damage for B-cigarette smoke extract, particularly in BEAS-2B cells. Extracts from unfiltered cigarette smoke induced significant direct DNA damage, to a larger extent in A549 cells. Filtered cigarette-smoke extract induced a significant direct DNA damage at 5-10%. A significant induction of oxidative DNA damage was found at the highest CSE concentration in both cell types (by smoke extracts from B and C cigarettes in A549 cells, and from A and D cigarettes in BEAS-2B cells). Smoke extracts from filter cigarettes induced less direct DNA damage than those from unfiltered cigarettes in A549 cells, probably due to a protective effect of filter. In BEAS-2B cells the smoke extract from the B-cigarette showed the highest genotoxic effect, with a concentration-dependent trend. These findings show a higher cyto-genotoxicity for smoke extracts from the B-cigarette and oxidative effects for those from the A and D cigarettes, particularly in BEAS-2B cells. Moreover, there was a higher responsiveness of A549 cells to genotoxic insult of CSE, and a cigarette-dependent genotoxicity in BEAS-2B cells. Our experimental model demonstrated to be suitable to sensitively detect early genotoxic response of different lung-cell types to non-cytotoxic concentrations of complex inhalable mixtures.

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