News Article | April 21, 2017
An Italian court has ruled that excessive, work-related use of a mobile phone caused an executive to develop a benign brain tumour. The court in the northern town of Ivrea awarded the plaintiff a state-funded pension. The judgment, which was handed down on 11 April but only made public on Thursday, is subject to a possible appeal. Roberto Romeo, 57, had testified that his work duties obliged him to use his mobile for three to four hours of each working day for 15 years. Romeo said he did not want to demonise mobiles, “but I believe we have to be more aware about how to use them. “I had no choice but to use my mobile to talk to colleagues and organise work – for 15 years I was calling all the time, from home, in the car. “I started to have the feeling of my right ear being blocked all the time and the tumour was diagnosed in 2010. Happily, it was benign but I can no longer hear anything because they had to remove my acoustic nerve.” A medical expert estimated the damage to Romeo at 23% of his bodily function, prompting the judge to make a compensation award of €500 per month to be paid by INAIL, a national insurance scheme covering workplace accidents. Scientific studies of the potential health risks of mobile phones have mostly concluded that they pose no serious risk to human health at the level of most people’s use. Heavier use may pose some risk, other studies have found, and many experts say it is too early to do a proper assessment of what is a relatively new technology.
News Article | April 21, 2017
Judges in the town of Ivrea, northern Italy, have finally reached a verdict in the case of telecom executive Roberto Romeo, who lost his hearing after the removal of a brain tumor. The Italian court ruled the plaintiff's brain tumor was caused by the excessive use of mobile phone. The decision, handed down April 11, was made public only nine days later, on April 20, and can still be appealed. The ruling also awarded the 57-year-old businessman a state-funded pension of €500 (or about $537) to be paid every month by the national insurance scheme INAIL, which covers workplace accidents. "For the first time in the world, a court has recognized a causal link between inappropriate use of a mobile phone and a brain tumor," said Romeo's lawyers, Stefano Bertone and Renato Ambrosio. According to Romeo's court testimony, in the span of his 15-year career, his job compelled him to use a mobile phone for as long as three to four hours daily. The businessman stated his brain tumor — which turned out to be benign — was diagnosed in 2010, after he noticed a persistent feeling of blockage in his right ear. Romeo pointed out that, after undergoing surgery for tumor removal, he experienced complete hearing loss in the affected ear because surgeons were forced to extract his acoustic nerve. A medical expert who evaluated the case confirmed the prolonged use of mobile phone resulted in a 23 percent damage to the plaintiff's acoustic function. The Italian businessman added he doesn't wish to disparage mobile phone use but rather hopes his case will help raise awareness about the possible health consequences of extended cell phone use. One of the plaintiff's lawyers, Bertone, mentioned Italian judges were faced with a similar case in the past. In 2012, Italy's Supreme Court in Rome ruled that Italian 60-year-old businessman Innocente Marcolini developed a brain tumor after using a handset at work for up to six hours a day during a 12-year time interval. Numerous studies have tried to ascertain whether electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones puts users at risk of brain tumors. A 2014 research by French scientists revealed 15 hours of monthly cellphone time ups the risk for brain cancer. The study concluded people who use their mobile phones for 15 hours or more every month are up to three times more likely of developing a brain tumor than individuals who seldom use their cellphones. According to study authors, people who were particularly at risk of gliomas and meningiomas had jobs involving a heavy use of cell phones, such as those in the sales industry. Another 2014 investigation, this time by Swedish researchers, uncovered the risk of brain cancer is determined by how long people talk on their cellphones. The study showed people who talked on mobile phones for longer than 25 years tripled their risk of glioma compared with those who only used cellphones for under a year. The scientists discovered glioma was the only type of cancer associated with mobile phone use and documented that more than 1,486 hours on the cellphone doubled the chances of a glioma diagnostic. The largest study on the topic was conducted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2010 and established malignant brain tumors could not be connected with mobile phone use. According to the American Cancer Society, the majority of published studies on people can't offer substantial evidence to link cellphone use and the development of tumors due to research restrictions. "These studies have had some important limitations that make them unlikely to end the controversy about whether cell phone use affects cancer risk," underlines the society's website. © 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.
Pandola L.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy |
Andenna C.,INAIL |
Caccia B.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms | Year: 2015
Abstract The bremsstrahlung spectra produced by electrons impinging on thick targets are simulated using the Geant4 Monte Carlo toolkit. Simulations are validated against experimental data available in literature for a range of energy between 0.5 and 2.8 MeV for Al and Fe targets and for a value of energy of 70 keV for Al, Ag, W and Pb targets. The energy spectra for the different configurations of emission angles, energies and targets are considered. Simulations are performed by using the three alternative sets of electromagnetic models that are available in Geant4 to describe bremsstrahlung. At higher energies (0.5-2.8 MeV) of the impinging electrons on Al and Fe targets, Geant4 is able to reproduce the spectral shapes and the integral photon emission in the forward direction. The agreement is within 10-30%, depending on energy, emission angle and target material. The physics model based on the Penelope Monte Carlo code is in slightly better agreement with the measured data than the other two. However, all models over-estimate the photon emission in the backward hemisphere. For the lower energy study (70 keV), which includes higher-Z targets, all models systematically under-estimate the total photon yield, providing agreement between 10% and 50%. The results of this work are of potential interest for medical physics applications, where knowledge of the energy spectra and angular distributions of photons is needed for accurate dose calculations with Monte Carlo and other fluence-based methods. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Lidonnici F.,SantAmbrogio Servizi Industriali S.R.L |
Delle Site C.,INAIL
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP | Year: 2015
Tubesheets are usually designed according to different national or international design codes. The great majority of these standards is based on Gardner's theory, elaborated more than 60 years ago. On the other hand these pressure components are critical in heat exchanger design, because they are subject to characteristic service damages which require a correct dimensioning and appropriate inspections during service. This paper is aimed at comparing the different design methods, analyzing the theoretical background behind the rules. Main focus is made to the alternative design method contained in Annex J of the European Standard EN13445-3. With reference to the typical configuration of a fixed tubesheet exchanger with flanged connections, the results of the different design approaches are compared in order to find out the optimal configuration. Benchmark examples are carried out using a commercial computer code with reference to heat exchangers with the tubesheets welded to the shell and bolted to the channel. The results show the advantage of using Annex J which allows smaller thicknesses of the tubesheet in respect of the conventional approach used by TEMA, ASME Section VIII and EN 13445-3 clause 13. Copyright © 2015 by ASME.
Clemente M.,INAIL |
Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia | Year: 2012
The authors analyze the budget accident at work and occupational diseases in the construction industry through the data banks Inail. This analysis is carried out by comparing the data for this sector of economic activity (classification of economic activities ATECO 2002) with those general with particular attention to how an event, occurrence, mortality, by plotting the trends of this phenomenon than in previous years. It also analyzes the phenomenon of the complaints of occupational diseases with the comparison with the general data as well as with the analysis of the most frequent types of occupational diseases in this sector in the last two years. © PI-ME, Pavia 2012.
Beolchini F.,Marche Polytechnic University |
Fonti V.,Marche Polytechnic University |
Rocchetti L.,Marche Polytechnic University |
Saraceni G.,Marche Polytechnic University |
And 2 more authors.
Chemistry and Ecology | Year: 2013
This study deals with laboratory-scale investigations to evaluate the efficiency of different chemical leaching agents (i.e. sulfuric, oxalic and citric acids) and bioleaching processes (based on different acidophilic bacterial strains) on the mobilisation of metals/semi-metals in contaminated harbour sediments. A simplified life-cycle assessment was also performed in order to compare the investigated strategies in terms of their main environmental impacts. The different chemical leaching agents provided different extraction efficiencies of toxic metals. Among the investigated chemical leaching agents, citric acid 0.5 M and sulfuric acid pH 2 were the most effective, with average mobilisation efficiencies of ∼30% for Zn and Cr, ∼40% for Ni, and 35 and 58% for As, under citric and sulfuric acid, respectively. Similar higher extraction efficiencies of metals were also observed in bioleaching experiments with the presence of ferrous iron. The life-cycle assessment revealed that treatments based on diluted sulfuric acid are a better option considering both resource requirements and emissions, leading to lower environmental impacts compared with the other treatment strategies. Overall results from this study provide new insights for the definition of the most efficient and environmentally friendly strategies to be used for dredged sediments contaminated with metals. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Del Gaudio M.,INAIL
Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia | Year: 2015
Many workers are exposed to direct solar radiation. In these conditions the workers may suffer damage to health due to an excessive increase in body temperature, or to the loss of liquids. Were carried out tests to determine if the use of screens made of various materials can reduce the physiological effects. Using the indexes WBGT and PHS were calculated the internal body temperature and the amount of fluids lost, before and after use of the screen. The best screens were those made of cardboard, newspaper paper and beach umbrellas. © PI-ME, Pavia 2015.
Sergi M.,University of Teramo |
Montesano C.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Odoardi S.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Mainero Rocca L.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2013
The evaluation of oral fluids (OFs) levels is useful in proving drug consumption, particularly for monitoring abuse in workplaces and for the driving under the influence of drugs (DUIDs) programs. OF is a complex matrix and a small amount of sample is available, especially after cannabis smoking. This paper reports a method for the determination of cannabinoids and metabolites in OF: THC, 11-hydroxy-THC (OH-THC) and THC-COOH. Cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN) were also detected by LC-MS/MS. The OF pre-treatment was based on micro-extraction by packed sorbent (MEPS), a recently developed solid phase extraction technique which operates with small sample volumes: only 125μL of sample was required, allowing the collection by simple expectoration. Analytes elution was achieved using 2×25μL of 50mM NH4OH in methanol. A rapid and effective clean-up has been obtained with satisfactory recovery values and a negligible matrix effect. The LOQs ranged between 0.020ngmL-1 for THC-COOH and 0.40ngmL-1 for OH-THC. The chromatographic conditions obtained with a fused-core column allowed a good separation of the analytes in 6min only. The whole procedure has been validated according to SOFT/AAFS guidelines. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Finotti E.,Italian Agricultural Research Council |
Bersani E.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Del Prete E.,INAIL |
Friedman M.,Albany Research Center
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis | Year: 2015
In the present study, we extend the concept of a functional mathematical index (FMI), introduced in previous publications, for the assessment and prediction of food quality and safety of jujube fruit, a medicinal food widely consumed in Asian countries. In this study the index has been applied to one field-grown jujube fruit harvested at eight stages of maturity and three commercial Korean jujube cultivars. The index allows quantitative evaluation of nutritional, health-promoting, and safety aspects based on reported essential amino acid and phenolic content and antioxidative and cancer-cell-inhibiting activities of the test substances. For example, the FMI values for the antioxidative capacities ranged from 0.36 to 0.87 and for the inhibition normal and cancer cells from 0.35 to 0.86, suggesting that consumers have a choice of selecting growth (maturity) stages of jujube fruit with optimum beneficial properties. The use of specific performance FMI values seems to be a better tool for predicting relative beneficial and adverse effects than prediction on the basis of concentrations of the nutritional and bioactive compounds. The FMI approach, that numerically scores compositional, nutritional, and health-related aspects of food, complements but does not replace standard statistical analysis of the original compositional analytical data from which this value is derived. The method can be used to detect critical points during growth and processing of food that make it possible to optimize nutritional and health benefits. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Pietrangeli B.,INAIL |
Lauri R.,INAIL |
Chemical Engineering Transactions | Year: 2013
This paper presents a few results of a work aiming at providing the biogas industry with practical tools to protect workers and environment. Biological contamination, Fire and Explosive Atmosphere are the main hazards. The technical and organizational measures, aiming at preventing or mitigating them, have been identified and classified by means of the "bowties" technique. From this analysis, a structured safety check list has been derived. The checklist is a valuable support for the plant operator to evaluate periodically the actual effectiveness of the overall safety measures and to address a safer management of the plant. Copyright © 2013, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l.