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Gao C.-Q.,ina Agriculture University National Engineering Research Center For Breeding Swine Industry Guangdong Provincial | Zhi R.,ina Agriculture University National Engineering Research Center For Breeding Swine Industry Guangdong Provincial | Zhi R.,Guizhou Agricultural Vocational College | Yang Z.,ina Agriculture University National Engineering Research Center For Breeding Swine Industry Guangdong Provincial | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2015

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of insulin growth factor-I (IGF-I) on the size of pig skeletal muscle satellite cells (SCs). Using microarray, real-time RT-PCR, radioimmunoassay analysis and western blot, we first showed that supplementation of low-dose of IGF-I in culture medium resulted in enlarged cell size of Lantang SCs, only Akt and S6K were up-regulated at both the mRNA and protein levels among almost all of the mTOR pathway key genes, but had no effect on cell number. To elucidate the signaling mechanisms responsible for regulating cell size under low-dose of IGF-I treatment, we blocked Akt and S6K activity with the specific inhibitors MK2206 and PF4708671, respectively. Both inhibitors caused a decrease in cell size. In addition, MK2206 lowered the protein level of p-Akt (Ser473), p-S6K (Thr389), and p-rpS6 (Ser235/236), whereas PF4708671 lowered the protein level of p-S6K (Thr389) and p-rpS6 (Ser235/236). However, low dose of IGF-I didn't affect the protein level of p-mTOR (Ser2448) and p-mTOR (Ser2481). When both inhibitors were applied simultaneously, the effect was the same as that of the Akt inhibition alone. Taken together, we report for the first time that low-dose of IGF-I treatment increases cell size via Akt/S6K signaling pathway. J. Cell. Biochem. 116: 2637-2648, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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