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Mogi Mirim, Brazil

Batista E.O.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Guerreiro B.M.,University of Sao Paulo | Freitas B.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Silva J.C.B.,Embryo Sys | And 8 more authors.
Domestic Animal Endocrinology | Year: 2016

This study evaluated the association between plasma anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations and in vitro embryo production in Bos indicus (Nelore; experiment 1) and Bos taurus (Holstein; experiment 2) calves superstimulated or not with 140 mg of porcine follicle-stimulating hormone (pFSH; 4 decreasing doses twice daily). Oocytes were recovered from calves aged 2 to 4 mo after receiving gonadotropin stimulation (Nelore, n = 15; Holstein, n = 12) or not (Nelore, n = 15; Holstein, n = 12). Cycling heifers formed a positive control group (n = 15 for Nelore [aged 18-24 mo], n = 10 for Holstein [aged 14-16 mo]). All the calves underwent laparoscopic ovum pickup, and cycling heifers underwent a regular transvaginal ultrasound-guided ovum pickup for oocyte recovery. Immediately before oocyte retrieval, blood samples were taken for subsequent AMH determination (ng/mL). Regardless of the genetic group, calves that received pFSH (3.6 ± 1.1 in Nelore and 4.6 ± 1.2 in Holstein) or did not receive pFSH (3.2 ± 1.0 in Nelore and 2.5 ± 0.8 in Holstein) had greater plasma AMH concentrations (. P = 0.01 in Nelore and P = 0.003 in Holstein) than cycling heifers (1.1 ± 0.2 in Nelore and 0.6 ± 0.07 in Holstein). AMH concentrations in calves with or without pFSH were similar in both genetic groups (3.6 ± 1.1 vs 3.2 ± 1.0 in Nelore; 4.6 ± 1.2 vs 2.5 ± 0.8 in Holstein). In calves, positive correlations were observed between plasma AMH concentrations and the numbers of follicles >2 mm (r = 0.86, P < 0.0001 in Nelore; r = 0.78, P < 0.0001 in Holstein), cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) retrieved (r = 0.91, P < 0.0001 in Nelore; r = 0.82, P < 0.0001 in Holstein), COCs cultured (r = 0.71, P < 0.0001 in Nelore; r = 0.79, P < 0.0001 in Holstein), and blastocysts produced (r = 0.62, P = 0.0003 in Nelore; r = 0.58, P = 0.009 in Holstein), and these results were independent of pFSH treatment. In conclusion, calves had greater plasma AMH concentrations than cycling heifers. In addition, treatment with pFSH did not influence AMH concentrations in calves, regardless of the genetic group. More importantly, plasma AMH concentrations were positively correlated with the antral follicle population and the number of COCs retrieved, COCs cultured, and blastocysts produced in B indicus and B taurus calves. Therefore, AMH is a promising tool for selecting oocyte donor calves to maximize results during in vitro embryo production. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source

Pontes J.H.F.,Laboratorio Of Reproducao Animal | Pontes J.H.F.,In Vitro Brazil Ltda | Silva K.C.F.,Laboratorio Of Reproducao Animal | Basso A.C.,In Vitro Brazil Ltda | And 11 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2010

Herein we describe a large-scale commercial program for in vitro production of embryos from dairy Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and indicus-taurus donors, using sexed sperm. From 5,407 OPU, we compared the number of recovered oocytes (n = 90,086), viable oocytes (n = 64,826), and embryos produced in vitro from Gir (Bos indicus, n = 617), Holstein (Bos taurus, n = 180), 1/4 Holstein × 3/4 Gir (n = 44), and 1/2 Holstein-Gir (n = 37) crossbred cows, and the pregnancy rate of recipient cows. Viable oocytes were in vitro matured (24 h at 38.8 °C, 5% CO 2 in air) and fertilized by incubating them for 18 to 20 h with frozen-thawed sexed sperm (X-chromosome bearing) from Gir (n = 8) or Holstein (n = 7) sires (2 × 10 6 sperm/dose). Embryos were cultured in similar conditions of temperature and atmosphere as for IVM, with variable intervals of culture (between Days 2 and 5) completed in a portable incubator. All embryos were transferred fresh, after 24 to 72 h of transportation (up to 2,000 km). On average, 16.7 ± 6.3 oocytes (mean ± SEM) were obtained per OPU procedure and 72.0% were considered viable. Total and viable oocytes per OPU procedure were 17.1 ± 4.5 and 12.1 ± 3.9 for Gir cows, 11.4 ± 3.9 and 8.0 ± 2.7 for Holstein cows, 20.4 ± 5.8 and 16.8 ± 5.0 for 1/4 Holstein × 3/4 Gir, and 31.4 ± 5.6 and 24.3 ± 4.7 for 1/2 Holstein-Gir crossbred females (P < 0.01). The mean number of embryos produced by OPU/IVF and the pregnancy rates were 3.2 (12,243/ 3,778) and 40% for Gir cows, 2.1 (2,426/1,138) and 36% for Holstein cows, 3.9 (1,033/267) and 37% for 1/4 Holstein × 3/4 Gir, and 5.5 (1,222/224), and 37% for 1/2 Holstein-Gir. In conclusion, we compared oocyte yield from two levels of indicus-taurus breeds and demonstrated the efficiency of sexed sperm for in vitro embryo production. Culturing embryos during long distance transportation was successful, with potential for international movement of embryos. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Pellegrino C.A.G.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Pellegrino C.A.G.,Prole Reproducao Animal Assistida Ltda | Morotti F.,State University Londrina | Untura R.M.,In Vitro Brazil Ltda | And 6 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2016

Artificial insemination and in vitro embryo production are powerful tools for disseminating superior genetic qualities and improving the reproductive performance of dairy and beef cattle. In conjunction with these biotechnologies, sexed-sorted semen has been used to obtain offspring of a predetermined sex. This study compared the pregnancy rates obtained using in vitro fertilization/timed embryo transfer (IVF/TET) and timed artificial insemination (TAI), both performed using sexed-sorted (Y-chromosome-bearing) semen obtained from the same bull. For the in vitro embryo production, the ovaries of 250 Nelore cows with known histories were collected in the slaughterhouse and used for IVF. After evaluation of the recipients (IVF/TET group; n = 974), the resultant embryos were transferred to the females with corpus luteum (n = 822). The pregnancy-related data for this group were compared with those for the TAI group (n = 974). Ultrasonography was performed at 60 days to determine the pregnancy status and confirm the sex of the fetus. A total of 2008 oocytes produced 1050 embryos, with 52% of them reaching the blastocyst stage. The pregnancy rate and the accuracy in determining the fetal sex were 35.4% (345/974) and 95.07% (328/345), respectively, for the IVF/TET group and 30% (293/974; P < 0.05) and 94.88% (278/293), respectively, for the TAI group. In the present study, we concluded that male calves could be better obtained using IVF/TET rather than TAI; therefore, this strategy can be considered to increase the pregnancy rate of beef cattle. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source

Ferreira C.R.,University of Campinas | Saraiva S.A.,University of Campinas | Catharino R.R.,University of Campinas | Garcia J.S.,University of Campinas | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Lipid Research | Year: 2010

Methods used for lipid analysis in embryos and oocytes usually involve selective lipid extraction from a pool of many samples followed by chemical manipulation, separation and characterization of individual components by chromatographic techniques. Herein we report direct analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) of single and intact embryos or oocytes from various species. Biological samples were simply moisturized with the matrix solution and characteristic lipid (represented by phosphatidylcholines, sphingomyelins and triacylglycerols) profi les were obtained via MALDI-MS. As representative examples, human, bovine, sheep and fi sh oocytes, as well as bovine and insect embryos were analyzed. MALDI-MS is shown to be capable of providing characteristic lipid profi les of gametes and embryos and also to respond to modifi cations due to developmental stages and in vitro culture conditions of bovine embryos. Investigation in developmental biology of the biological roles of structural and reserve lipids in embryos and oocytes should therefore benefi t from these rapid MALDI-MS profi les from single and intact species. -Ferreira, C. R., S. A. Saraiva, R. R. Catharino, J. S. Garcia, F. C. Gozzo, G. B. Sanvido, L. F. A. Santos, E. G. Lo Turco, J. H. F. Pontes, A. C. Basso, R. P. Bertolla, R. Sartori, M. M. Guardieiro, F. Perecin, F. V. Meirelles, J. R. Sangalli, and M. N. Eberlin. Single embryo and oocyte lipid fi ngerprinting by mass spectrometry. Copyright © 2010 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Source

Pontes J.H.F.,In Vitro Brazil Ltda | Melo Sterza F.A.,State University of Mato Grosso do Sul | Basso A.C.,In Vitro Brazil Ltda | Ferreira C.R.,In Vitro Brazil Ltda | And 3 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2011

The objective was to clarify in vitro production of bovine embryos in Brazil. Data from 656 ovum pick-up/in vitro production (OPU/IVP) procedures, performed on 317 Nelore (Bos indicus) donors, without hormone stimulation or control of ovarian follicular waves, were analysed. Donors were subjected to OPU from one to nine times (no specific schedule), with -1.< 15 d between consecutive procedures. There were 20,848 oocytes, of which 15,747 (75.53%) were considered viable, 5,446 embryos were obtained, 5,398 embryos were immediately transferred, resulting in 1,974 pregnancies (36.57%) at Day 30 and 1,788 (33.12%) pregnancies at Day 60. The average number of total and viable oocytes produced per OPU session was (mean -± SEM) 30.84 -± 0.88 and 23.35 -± 0.7 (average of 8.1 -± 0.3 embryos and 3.0 -± 0.1 pregnancies per OPU-IVP procedure). Since oocyte production varied widely among donor, they were designated as very high, high, intermediate, and low, with 58.94 -± 2.04, 32.61 -± 0.50, 22.13 -± 0.50, zand 10.26 -± 0.57 oocytes, respectively, produced by 78, 80, 79, and 80 donors. The number of viable oocytes recovered ranged from 0 to 128; since donors with numerous viable oocytes produced many viable embryos and pregnancies, oocyte production was useful for donor selection. However, there was no significant effect of the number of OPU sessions per donor on mean numbers of oocytes produced. In conclusion, we confirmed field reports of high oocyte production by some Nelore donors and demonstrated individual variation in oocyte yield, which was associated with embryo production and pregnancy rates. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

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