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Albo J.,University of Cantabria | Santos E.,University of Cantabria | Neves L.A.,New University of Lisbon | Simeonov S.P.,University of Lisbon | And 4 more authors.
Separation and Purification Technology | Year: 2012

Ionic liquids (ILs) have reached an enormous interest as CO 2 solvents due to their unique properties such as negligible vapour pressure and selectivity, making them very attractive in order to obtain stable supported liquid membranes. ILs containing magnetic metals in their anion are known as Magnetic Ionic Liquids (MILs) and they may show different behaviour in the presence of an external magnetic field. This work evaluates the preparation and use of a new class of supported liquid membranes based on Magnetic Ionic Liquids: Supported Magnetic Ionic Liquid Membranes (SMILMs) for CO 2 separation/concentration. Four paramagnetic ionic liquids have been studied: [P 6,6,6,14] 2 +[CoCl 4] 2-, [P 6,6,6,14] +[FeCl 4] -, [P 6,6,6,14] 2 +[MnCl 4] 2- and [P 6,6,6,14] 3 +[GdCl 6] 3; in combination with a hydrophobic or a hydrophilic PVDF porous support. An evaluation of the membrane stability was carried out and CO 2, N 2 and air permeabilites for stable SMILMs were experimentally determined. CO 2/N 2 and CO 2/air selectivities were estimated and introduced in the Robeson diagram for a comparison with previous reported materials. Pure gas permeation results demonstrate that these SMILMs show much higher CO 2 permeabilities when comparing with N 2 and air. This selectivity may indicate a potential application of using SMILMs for the selective removal/recovery of CO 2 from a gas stream and further work will perform the evaluation of an external magnetic field in the separation behaviour. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Simeonov S.P.,University of Lisbon | Simeonov S.P.,IN Institute of Nanosciences and Nanotechnology | Coelho J.A.S.,University of Lisbon | Coelho J.A.S.,IN Institute of Nanosciences and Nanotechnology | And 2 more authors.
ChemSusChem | Year: 2013

Sweets for my sweet: The production and isolation of 5- hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in high yield and purity is demonstrated by using a combination of glucose-fructose isomerization with sweetzyme in wet tetraethylammonium bromide (TEAB) and clean fructose dehydration to HMF catalyzed by using HNO3 under moderate conditions, which allow the reuse of any unreacted glucose and TEAB. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Guerra K.P.,IN Institute of Nanosciences and Nanotechnology | Afonso C.A.M.,University of Lisbon | Afonso C.A.M.,IN Institute of Nanosciences and Nanotechnology
Tetrahedron | Year: 2011

By using of precise catalytic amount of N-methylpyrrolidine (5 mol %) and Ba(OH)2 (1.5 mol %) in H2O/CH3OH 5/1 or CH 3OH/CH2Cl2 3/1 solvent mixtures at T=0 °C a Morita-Baylis-Hillman derivatives could be obtained in good to excellent yield from 2-cyclopenten-1-one, 2-cyclohexen-1-one and formaldehyde and diverse aryl aldehydes after suitable reaction time. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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