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Menezes G.B.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Mansur D.S.,Imunologia e Parasitologia | McDonald B.,University of Calgary | Kubes P.,University of Calgary | Teixeira M.M.,Federal University of Pernambuco
Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2011

Sterile injury can trigger an acute inflammatory response, which might be responsible for the pathogenesis of several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, lung fibrosis and acute liver failure. A key event for the pathogenesis of these diseases is the recruitment of leukocytes to necrotic areas. Much is known about the mechanisms of recruitment to sites of infection. However, only now is it becoming clear how leukocytes, especially neutrophils, are recruited to areas of tissue damage and necrosis in the absence of infection. Here, we review and discuss mechanisms responsible for sensing and driving the influx of leukocytes, specifically neutrophils, into sites of sterile injury. This knowledge clearly opens new opportunities for therapeutic intervention. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Da Silva Calabrese K.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | De Souza Silva L.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Carvalho L.O.P.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | De Jesus Hardoim D.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | And 3 more authors.
Parasitology Research | Year: 2011

One of the manifestations of leishmaniases is eye injuries which main characteristics are the injury of the anterior chamber of the eye and the resistance to specific treatments. The retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells participate in pathogen-induced intraocular inflammatory processes. We investigated Leishmania amazonensis-RPE cells relationship and its impact in laminin and fibronectin production. Using RPE cell (ARPE-19), we demonstrated that L. amazonensis adhere to these cells in the first hour of infection, whereas parasite internalization was only observed after 6 h. Seventy-two hours after infection, vacuoles with parasites debris were observed intracellularly, and no parasite were observed intra- or extracellularly at the 96 h, suggesting that Leishmania can infect ARPE-19 cells although this cells are able to clear the infection. Fibronectin and laminin were associated with L. amazonensis-ARPE-19 interaction. Confocal analysis showed no substantial alterations in fibronectin presence in ARPE-19-infected or ARPE-19-noninfected cells, whereas laminin levels increased three times 10 h after L. amazonensis infection. After this time, laminin levels decreased in infected cells. These results suggest that L. amazonensis-ARPE-19 infection induces increased production of laminin in the beginning of infection which may facilitate parasite-host cell interactions. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

Baldon E.J.,Instituto Butantan | Marengo E.B.,Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein | de Franco M.,Instituto Butantan | Starobinas N.,Instituto Butantan | And 2 more authors.
Immunity and Ageing | Year: 2014

Background: Aging process may result in immune modifications that lead to disruption of innate and acquired immunity mechanisms that may induce chronic-degenerative events. The heat shock proteins (Hsp), phylogeneticaly conserved among organisms, present as main function the ability of folding and refolding proteins, but they also are associated with chronic-degenerative disorders. Here were evaluated the role of M. leprae native Hsp65 (WT) and its point-mutated (K409A) on survival and anti-DNA and anti-Hsp65 antibody production of aged genetically selected mice for high (HIII) and low (LIII) antibody production; data from 120- and 270-days old mice (named " adult" or " aged" , respectively) were compared.Results: WT Hsp65 administration induces reduction in the mean survival time of adult and aged female HIII mice, this effect being stronger in aged individuals. Surprisingly, the native protein administration increased the survival of aged female LIII when compared to K409A and control groups. No survival differences were observed in aged male mice after Hsp65 proteins inoculation. We observed increase in IgG1 anti-Hsp65 in WT and K409A aged HIII female mice groups and no marked changes in the anti-DNA (adult and aged HIII) and anti-Hsp65 IgG1 or IgG2a isotypes production in adult HIII female and aged male mice. LIII male mice presented increased anti-DNA and anti-Hsp65 IgG2a isotype production after WT or K409A injection, and LIII female groups showed no alterations.Conclusions: The results revealed that the WT Hsp65 interferes with survival of aged HIII female mice without involvement of a remarkable IgG1 and IgG2a anti-DNA and anti-Hsp65 antibodies production. The deleterious effects of Hsp65 on survival time in aged HIII female mice could be linked to a gender-effect and are in agreement with those previously reported in lupus-prone mice. © 2014 Baldon et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Persike D.S.,Unifesp | Lima M.L.,Imunologia e Parasitologia | Amorim R.P.,Unifesp | Cavalheiro E.A.,Unifesp | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology | Year: 2012

In this study we used proteomics approaches to obtain the protein profile of human epileptic hippocampi (N=6) and control hippocampi obtained from autopsy (N=6). We used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-D) coupled to HPLC and Mass spectroscopy (MALDI-TOF) to identify proteins differentially expressed. Nine proteins were differentially expressed comparing the hippocampus of patients with the hippocampus of control. Proteins that were increased in the hippocampus of patients with TLE were: isoform 1 of serum albumin, HSP 70, dihydropyrimidinase-related protein 2, isoform 1 of myelin basic protein, proton ATPase catalytic subunit A, and dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acethyltransferase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. The expression of isoform 3 of spectrin alpha chain (fodrin) was down-regulated while the proteins glutathione S-transferase P and the DJ-1 (PARK7) were detected only in the hippocampus of patients with TLE. Taken together, our results provide evidence supporting a direct link between metabolic disturb and oxidative damage related to pathophysiology of TLE. Besides, indicates biomarkers for further investigations as therapies targeted to epilepsy. Source

Lima F.F.B.,University of Sao Paulo | Lima F.F.B.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | Sita L.V.,University of Sao Paulo | Oliveira A.R.,University of Sao Paulo | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy | Year: 2013

Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) and neuropeptide glutamic acid-isoleucine (NEI) are expressed in neurons that are located mainly in the hypothalamus and project widely throughout the rat central nervous system. One of the main targets of melanin-concentrating hormone is the hippocampal formation, although the exact origin of the projections is unknown. By using injections of the retrograde tracer True Blue into the hippocampus, together with immunohistochemical analysis, we observed retrogradely labeled melanin-concentrating hormone-containing neurons in the lateral hypothalamic area, incerto-hypothalamic area, perifornical area, the periventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, and in the internuclear area (between the dorsomedial and ventromedial nuclei of the hypothalamus), as well as a few retrogradely labeled and melanin-concentrating hormone-immunoreactive cells in the supramammillary nucleus. The afferents from the lateral hypothalamic area were confirmed using injection of the anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine, which enabled us to use histochemical analysis in order to visualize fibers and terminals in the hippocampal formation. In the medial septal nucleus, we found cholinergic neurons that are also putatively innervated by melanin-concentrating hormone immunoreactive fibers and project to the hippocampal formation. Finally, using two different protocols for immunoperoxidase, we were able to show GABAergic basket cells presumably innervated by melanin-concentrating hormone-immunoreactive fibers in the hippocampal formation. On the basis of the data collected herein, we hypothesize that the MCH/NEI projections from hypothalamic nuclei participate in spatial memory and learning through direct and indirect pathways. These pathways would enable the animal to organize its exploratory behavior during foraging. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.. Source

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