ImStem Biotechnology Inc.

Farmington, CT, United States

ImStem Biotechnology Inc.

Farmington, CT, United States
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Zheng D.,University of Macau | Wang X.,ImStem Biotechnology Inc | Xu R.-H.,University of Macau | Xu R.-H.,ImStem Biotechnology Inc
Stem Cells | Year: 2016

With ongoing clinical trials, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have shown substantial potential for regenerative medicine. However, due to the mismatch of human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) between hESC-derived allografts and recipients, immunosuppressant regimens must be used to prevent immune rejection of the grafts. Considerable efforts have been devoted to overcoming this hurdle via the derivation and banking of human nuclear transfer ESCs, parthenogenetic ESCs, and induced pluripotent stem cells. However, ethical and safety concerns remain, hindering the application of these types of pluripotent cells. Other approaches have recently been explored to generate universally compatible hESCs through the silencing or deletion of HLAs or genes essential for HLA expression, including β-2-microglobulin and class-II MHC transactivator, as well as the induction of immunosuppression via the ectopic expression of non-classical HLAs (e.g., HLA-E and -G), cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 fused with immunoglobulin, and programmed death ligand-1. In this review, we introduce developments in this line of research and discuss strategies to reduce the tumorigenic concerns regarding hESCs, especially after they acquire the capability to escape immune surveillance. Stem Cells 2016;34:2269–2275. © 2016 The Authors STEM CELLS published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of AlphaMed Press


Wang X.,University of Connecticut Health Center | Wang X.,ImStem Biotechnology Inc. | Kimbrel E.A.,Advanced Cell Technology | Ijichi K.,University of Connecticut Health Center | And 12 more authors.
Stem Cell Reports | Year: 2014

Current therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS) are largely palliative, not curative. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) harbor regenerative and immunosuppressive functions, indicating a potential therapy for MS, yet the variability and low potency of MSCs from adult sources hinder their therapeutic potential. MSCs derived from human embryonic stem cells (hES-MSCs) may be better suited for clinical treatment of MS because of their unlimited and stable supply. Here, we show that hES-MSCs significantly reduce clinical symptoms and prevent neuronal demyelination in a mouse experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE) model of MS, and that the EAE disease-modifying effect of hES-MSCs is significantly greater than that of human bone-marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs). Our evidence also suggests that increased IL-6 expression by BM-MSCs contributes to the reduced anti-EAE therapeutic activity of these cells. A distinct ability to extravasate and migrate into inflamed CNS tissues may also be associated with the robust therapeutic effects of hES-MSCs on EAE. © 2014 The Authors.


Wang X.,ImStem Biotechnology Inc. | Lazorchak A.S.,ImStem Biotechnology Inc. | Song L.,ImStem Biotechnology Inc. | Li E.,University of Macau | And 4 more authors.
Stem Cells | Year: 2016

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have great clinical potential in modulating inflammation and promoting tissue repair. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have recently emerged as a potentially superior cell source for MSCs. However, the generation methods reported so far vary greatly in quality and efficiency. Here, we describe a novel method to rapidly and efficiently produce MSCs from hESCs via a trophoblast-like intermediate stage in approximately 11-16 days. We term these cells "T-MSCs" and show that T-MSCs express a phenotype and differentiation potential minimally required to define MSCs. T-MSCs exhibit potent immunomodulatory activity in vitro as they can remarkably inhibit proliferation of cocultured T and B lymphocytes. Unlike bone marrow MSCs, T-MSCs do not have increased expression of inflammatory mediators in response to IFNγ. Moreover, T-MSCs constitutively express a high level of the immune inhibitory ligand PD-L1 and elicit strong and durable efficacy in two distinct animal models of autoimmune disease, dextran sulfate sodium induced colitis, and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, at doses near those approved for clinical trials. Together, we present a simple and fast derivation method to generate MSCs from hESCs, which possess potent immunomodulatory properties in vitro and in vivo and may serve as a novel and ideal candidate for MSC-based therapies. © 2015 AlphaMed Press.


PubMed | University of Macau and ImStem Biotechnology Inc.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio) | Year: 2016

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have great clinical potential in modulating inflammation and promoting tissue repair. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have recently emerged as a potentially superior cell source for MSCs. However, the generation methods reported so far vary greatly in quality and efficiency. Here, we describe a novel method to rapidly and efficiently produce MSCs from hESCs via a trophoblast-like intermediate stage in approximately 11-16 days. We term these cells T-MSCs and show that T-MSCs express a phenotype and differentiation potential minimally required to define MSCs. T-MSCs exhibit potent immunomodulatory activity in vitro as they can remarkably inhibit proliferation of cocultured T and B lymphocytes. Unlike bone marrow MSCs, T-MSCs do not have increased expression of inflammatory mediators in response to IFN. Moreover, T-MSCs constitutively express a high level of the immune inhibitory ligand PD-L1 and elicit strong and durable efficacy in two distinct animal models of autoimmune disease, dextran sulfate sodium induced colitis, and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, at doses near those approved for clinical trials. Together, we present a simple and fast derivation method to generate MSCs from hESCs, which possess potent immunomodulatory properties in vitro and in vivo and may serve as a novel and ideal candidate for MSC-based therapies.


PubMed | ImStem Biotechnology Inc and University of Macau
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio) | Year: 2016

With ongoing clinical trials, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have shown substantial potential for regenerative medicine. However, due to the mismatch of human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) between hESC-derived allografts and recipients, immunosuppressant regimens must be used to prevent immune rejection of the grafts. Considerable efforts have been devoted to overcoming this hurdle via the derivation and banking of human nuclear transfer ESCs, parthenogenetic ESCs, and induced pluripotent stem cells. However, ethical and safety concerns remain, hindering the application of these types of pluripotent cells. Other approaches have recently been explored to generate universally compatible hESCs through the silencing or deletion of HLAs or genes essential for HLA expression, including -2-microglobulin and class-II MHC transactivator, as well as the induction of immunosuppression via the ectopic expression of non-classical HLAs (e.g., HLA-E and -G), cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 fused with immunoglobulin, and programmed death ligand-1. In this review, we introduce developments in this line of research and discuss strategies to reduce the tumorigenic concerns regarding hESCs, especially after they acquire the capability to escape immune surveillance. Stem Cells 2016;34:2269-2275.


The present invention relates to methods of generating and expanding hitman embryonic stem eel! derived mesenchymal-like stem/siromal cells. These hES-MSCs are characterized at least in part by the low level of expression of IL-6. These cells are useful for the prevention and treatment of T cell related autoimmune disease, especially multiple sclerosis, as well as for delivering agents across the blood-brain barrier and the blood-spinal cord barrier. Also provided is a method of selecting clinical grade hES-MSC and a method of modifying MSC to produced a MSC with specific biomarker profile. The modified MSC are useful for treatment of various diseases.


The disclosure provided herein relates generally to mesenchymal-like stem cells hES-T-MiSC or T-MSC and the method of producing the stem cells. The method comprises culturing embryonic stem cells under conditions that the embryonic stem cells develop through an intermediate differentiation of trophoblasts, and culturing the differentiated trophoblasts to hES-T-MSC or T-MSC, T-MSC derived cells and cell lineages T-MSC-DL are also described. Disclosed also herein are solutions and pharmaceutical compositions comprising the T-MSC and/or T-MSC-DL, methods of making the T-MSC and T-MSC-DL, and methods of using the T-MSC and T-MSC-DL for treatment and prevention of diseases, specifically, T-MSC and T-MSC-DL are used as immunosuppressive agents to treat multiple sclerosis and autoimmune diseases.

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