IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-11-30
The present invention relates to compact, low noise, ultra-short pulse sources based on fiber amplifiers, and various applications thereof. At least one implementation includes an optical amplification system having a fiber laser seed source producing seed pulses at a repetition rate corresponding to the fiber laser cavity round trip time. A nonlinear pulse transformer, comprising a fiber length greater than about 10 m, receives a seed pulse at its input and produces a spectrally broadened output pulse at its output, the output pulse having a spectral bandwidth which is more than 1.5 times a spectral bandwidth of a seed pulse. A fiber power amplifier receives and amplifies spectrally broadened output pulses. A pulse compressor is configured to temporally compress spectrally broadened pulses amplified by said power amplifier. Applications include micro-machining, ophthalmology, molecular desorption or ionization, mass-spectroscopy, and/or laser-based, biological tissue processing.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-11-21
System for converting relatively long pulses from rep-rate variable ultrafast optical sources to shorter, high-energy pulses suitable for sources in high-energy ultrafast lasers. Fibers with positive group velocity dispersion (GVD) and self phase modulation are advantageously employed with the optical sources. These systems take advantage of the need for higher pulse energies at lower repetition rates so that such sources can be cost effective.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-07-12
Modelocked fiber laser resonators may be coupled with optical amplifiers. An isolator optionally may separate the resonator from the amplifier. A reflective optical element on one end of the resonator having a relatively low reflectivity may be employed to couple light from the resonator to the amplifier. Enhanced pulse-width control may be provided with concatenated sections of both polarization-maintaining and non-polarization-maintaining fibers. Apodized fiber Bragg gratings and integrated fiber polarizers may also be included in the laser cavity to assist in linearly polarizing the output of the cavity. Very short pulses with a large optical bandwidth may be obtained by matching the dispersion value of the grating to the inverse of the dispersion of the intra-cavity fiber. Frequency comb sources may be constructed from such modelocked fiber oscillators. Low dispersion and an in-line interferometer that provides feedback may assist in controlling the frequency components output from the comb source.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2017-02-22
The invention describes classes of robust fiber laser systems usable as pulse sources for Nd: or Yb: based regenerative amplifiers intended for industrial settings. The invention modifies adapts and incorporates several recent advances in FCPA systems to use as the input source for this new class of regenerative amplifier.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2017-03-15
The present disclosure relates to the design of fiber frequency comb lasers with low carrier phase noise. Examples of these low carrier phase noise oscillators can be constructed from both soliton and dispersion compensated fiber lasers via the use of intra-cavity amplitude modulators such as graphene modulators. In low carrier phase noise dispersion compensated fiber frequency comb lasers, graphene and/or bulk modulators can further be used, for example, for phase locking of one comb line to an external continuous wave (cw) reference laser via high bandwidth control of the repetition rate of the comb laser via the graphene modulator. As a result a low phase noise radio frequency (RF) signal can be generated. In some implementations, a frequency comb exhibiting phase noise suppression of at least about 10 dB over a frequency range up to about 100 kHz is provided.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2017-04-05
In the present invention, a method and assay for the detection of proteases and protease inhibitors using colloidal gold nanoparticles and peptide substrates, which are selectively recognized and cleaved by proteases being assayed, is disclosed. In this assay, the mechanism of signal generation relies on peptide sequence induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles, which are used as signal reporters. The peptide sequences that induce aggregation are either the intact peptide substrates or proteolytic fragments of the intact peptide substrate wherein the proteolytic fragments are produced by the protease being assayed. The present invention provides a novel, simple, sensitive, and inexpensive colloidal gold nanoparticle-based colorimetric assay that allows both visual and quantitative detection of proteases and protease inhibitors.
Fermann M.E.,IMRA Inc |
Hartl I.,German Electron Synchrotron
Nature Photonics | Year: 2013
Ultrafast fibre lasers are fundamental building blocks of many photonic systems used in industrial and medical applications as well as for scientific research. Here, we review the essential components and operation regimes of ultrafast fibre lasers and discuss how they are instrumental in a variety of applications. In regards to laser technology, we discuss the present state of the art of large-mode-area fibres and their utilization in high-power, chirped-pulse amplification systems. In terms of commercial applications, we introduce industrial micromachining and medical imaging, and describe emerging applications in the mid-infrared and extreme-ultraviolet spectral regions, as facilitated by frequency shifting induced by fibre frequency combs. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-03-29
A display apparatus generates a high visibility optical signal, such as an ICON, the ICON comprising a symbol, shape, or other image-like representation. The ICON becomes visible at an observation point during an illumination ON-state. The ICON may be formed as a portion of display medium, for example as a machined portion of a mirror capable of forming images of a scene by reflection in normal operation. The visibility of the ICON in the illumination OFF-state from an observation point is sufficiently low such that the normal operation of the display medium is maintained. The display apparatus may be used in a blind spot warning system for a vehicle. Visible wavelength LEDs, RGB LEDs and/or diode lasers may be utilized as an illumination source. Ultrashort laser processing or other methods for material modification may be utilized to form microscopic features which distribute incident light, increasing the visibility of the optical signal at an observation point in an ON-state, with very low visibility in the OFF-state and minimal effect on the image in the display medium in the OFF state.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-08-12
A laser utilizes a cavity design which allows the stable generation of high peak power pulses from mode-locked multi-mode fiber lasers, greatly extending the peak power limits of conventional mode-locked single-mode fiber lasers. Mode-locking may be induced by insertion of a saturable absorber into the cavity and by inserting one or more mode-filters to ensure the oscillation of the fundamental mode in the multi-mode fiber. The probability of damage of the absorber may be minimized by the insertion of an additional semiconductor optical power limiter into the cavity.
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-02-12
Various embodiments include large cores fibers that can propagate few modes or a single mode while introducing loss to higher order modes. Some of these fibers are holey fibers that comprise cladding features such as air-holes. Additional embodiments described herein include holey rods. The rods and fibers may be used in many optical systems including optical amplification systems, lasers, short pulse generators, Q-switched lasers, etc. and may be used for example for micromachining.