Okazaki, Japan
Okazaki, Japan

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Patent
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-11-30

The present invention relates to compact, low noise, ultra-short pulse sources based on fiber amplifiers, and various applications thereof. At least one implementation includes an optical amplification system having a fiber laser seed source producing seed pulses at a repetition rate corresponding to the fiber laser cavity round trip time. A nonlinear pulse transformer, comprising a fiber length greater than about 10 m, receives a seed pulse at its input and produces a spectrally broadened output pulse at its output, the output pulse having a spectral bandwidth which is more than 1.5 times a spectral bandwidth of a seed pulse. A fiber power amplifier receives and amplifies spectrally broadened output pulses. A pulse compressor is configured to temporally compress spectrally broadened pulses amplified by said power amplifier. Applications include micro-machining, ophthalmology, molecular desorption or ionization, mass-spectroscopy, and/or laser-based, biological tissue processing.


System for converting relatively long pulses from rep-rate variable ultrafast optical sources to shorter, high-energy pulses suitable for sources in high-energy ultrafast lasers. Fibers with positive group velocity dispersion (GVD) and self phase modulation are advantageously employed with the optical sources. These systems take advantage of the need for higher pulse energies at lower repetition rates so that such sources can be cost effective.


Patent
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-07-12

Modelocked fiber laser resonators may be coupled with optical amplifiers. An isolator optionally may separate the resonator from the amplifier. A reflective optical element on one end of the resonator having a relatively low reflectivity may be employed to couple light from the resonator to the amplifier. Enhanced pulse-width control may be provided with concatenated sections of both polarization-maintaining and non-polarization-maintaining fibers. Apodized fiber Bragg gratings and integrated fiber polarizers may also be included in the laser cavity to assist in linearly polarizing the output of the cavity. Very short pulses with a large optical bandwidth may be obtained by matching the dispersion value of the grating to the inverse of the dispersion of the intra-cavity fiber. Frequency comb sources may be constructed from such modelocked fiber oscillators. Low dispersion and an in-line interferometer that provides feedback may assist in controlling the frequency components output from the comb source.


Fermann M.E.,IMRA Inc | Hartl I.,German Electron Synchrotron
Nature Photonics | Year: 2013

Ultrafast fibre lasers are fundamental building blocks of many photonic systems used in industrial and medical applications as well as for scientific research. Here, we review the essential components and operation regimes of ultrafast fibre lasers and discuss how they are instrumental in a variety of applications. In regards to laser technology, we discuss the present state of the art of large-mode-area fibres and their utilization in high-power, chirped-pulse amplification systems. In terms of commercial applications, we introduce industrial micromachining and medical imaging, and describe emerging applications in the mid-infrared and extreme-ultraviolet spectral regions, as facilitated by frequency shifting induced by fibre frequency combs. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


Patent
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-02-11

High power parallel fiber arrays for the amplification of high peak power pulses are described. Fiber arrays based on individual fiber amplifiers as well as fiber arrays based on multi-core fibers can be implemented. The optical phase between the individual fiber amplifier elements of the fiber array is measured and controlled using a variety of phase detection and compensation techniques. High power fiber array amplifiers can be used for EUV and X-ray generation as well as pumping of parametric amplifiers.


A display apparatus generates a high visibility optical signal, such as an ICON, the ICON comprising a symbol, shape, or other image-like representation. The ICON becomes visible at an observation point during an illumination ON-state. The ICON may be formed as a portion of display medium, for example as a machined portion of a mirror capable of forming images of a scene by reflection in normal operation. The visibility of the ICON in the illumination OFF-state from an observation point is sufficiently low such that the normal operation of the display medium is maintained. The display apparatus may be used in a blind spot warning system for a vehicle. Visible wavelength LEDs, RGB LEDs and/or diode lasers may be utilized as an illumination source. Ultrashort laser processing or other methods for material modification may be utilized to form microscopic features which distribute incident light, increasing the visibility of the optical signal at an observation point in an ON-state, with very low visibility in the OFF-state and minimal effect on the image in the display medium in the OFF state.


This disclosure relates to polarizing optical fibers and polarization maintaining optical fibers, including active and/or passive implementations. An embodiment includes a polarizing (PZ) optical fiber that includes stress applying parts (SAPs) disposed in a first cladding region, the SAPs comprising a material with a thermal expansion coefficient, _(SAP). A core region is at least partially surrounded by cladding features and the SAPs. The core includes glass with a thermal expansion coefficient, _(core). The arrangement of the SAPs satisfies: R_(sc)=d_(SAP)/D_(sc), where D_(sc )is the SAP center to core center distance, and d_(SAP )is the average SAP diameter, and d=|_(SAP)_(core)|, and where Rsc and d may be sufficiently large to induce stress birefringence into the core and to provide for polarized output. Active fibers in which a portion of the fiber is doped may be implemented for application in fiber lasers, fiber amplifiers, and/or optical pulse compressors.


Patent
IMRA Inc | Date: 2016-08-12

A laser utilizes a cavity design which allows the stable generation of high peak power pulses from mode-locked multi-mode fiber lasers, greatly extending the peak power limits of conventional mode-locked single-mode fiber lasers. Mode-locking may be induced by insertion of a saturable absorber into the cavity and by inserting one or more mode-filters to ensure the oscillation of the fundamental mode in the multi-mode fiber. The probability of damage of the absorber may be minimized by the insertion of an additional semiconductor optical power limiter into the cavity.


Various embodiments include large cores fibers that can propagate few modes or a single mode while introducing loss to higher order modes. Some of these fibers are holey fibers that comprise cladding features such as air-holes. Additional embodiments described herein include holey rods. The rods and fibers may be used in many optical systems including optical amplification systems, lasers, short pulse generators, Q-switched lasers, etc. and may be used for example for micromachining.


System for converting relatively long pulses from rep-rate variable ultrafast optical sources to shorter, high-energy pulses suitable for sources in high-energy ultrafast lasers. Fibers with positive group velocity dispersion (GVD) and self phase modulation are advantageously employed with the optical sources. These systems take advantage of the need for higher pulse energies at lower repetition rates so that such sources can be cost effective.

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