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Saint-Sauveur-en-Rue, France

O'connell G.,Y Ventures | Colard S.,SEITA Imperial Tobacco Group | Cahours X.,SEITA Imperial Tobacco Group | Pritchard J.D.,Imperial Tobacco Ltd
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Airborne chemicals in the indoor environment arise from a wide variety of sources such as burning fuels and cooking, construction materials and furniture, environmental tobacco smoke as well as outdoor sources. To understand the contribution of exhaled e-cigarette aerosol to the pre-existing chemicals in the ambient air, an indoor air quality study was conducted to measure volatile organic compounds (including nicotine and low molecular weight carbonyls), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, tobacco-specific nitrosamines and trace metal levels in the air before, during and after e-cigarette use in a typical small office meeting room. Measurements were compared with human Health Criteria Values, such as indoor air quality guidelines or workplace exposure limits where established, to provide a context for potential bystander exposures. In this study, the data suggest that any additional chemicals present in indoor air from the exhaled e-cigarette aerosol, are unlikely to present an air quality issue to bystanders at the levels measured when compared to the regulatory standards that are used for workplaces or general indoor air quality. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Purkis S.W.,Imperial Tobacco Ltd | Troude V.,SEITA Imperial Tobacco Group | Duputie G.,SEITA Imperial Tobacco Group | Tessier C.,SEITA Imperial Tobacco Group
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology

It is recognised that no single machine smoking regime can represent the different behaviours of individual human smokers. It has been argued that the current ISO standard regime provides machine yields that are somewhat low for certain cigarette designs compared to human intake. Various cigarette machine smoking regimes have been proposed as options for regulatory use to provide data that reflect " average" or " maximum" yields as related to human intake. Some public health representatives have proposed that the intense regime mandated for testing in Canada with 100% of the ventilation holes in the cigarette filter blocked, should be used for product characterisation and that it is not necessary that it should reflect general human smoking behaviour.We believe that this is a flawed approach because our studies and those of other workers demonstrate that the conditions generated in the cigarette when using this intense machine smoking regime are extreme in comparison to the conditions found for regimes based more realistically on human smoking. In this paper, we provide data to show that smokers modify their smoking intensity over the course of smoking in response to changes in draw resistance, smoke concentrations and smoke temperatures. We compare changes in and interactions between these parameters during puffing when smoking cigarettes of different designs. Cigarettes were smoked using various machine smoking regimes previously proposed for smoke testing as well as a regime based on human smoking data from an 'in-house' study. Puffing parameters were derived from this study to represent the 'average smoker' under laboratory conditions and equivalent to the 90th percentile when the studied smokers smoked under natural conditions.Biomarker data from human uptake studies have shown that ventilation is an effective cigarette design tool to reduce total smoke constituent uptake in humans so demonstrating that any blocking of filter ventilation is far from 100%. Likewise, this current work also shows how smokers modify their smoking behaviour in ways not well reflected by the 100% ventilation blocking regime. It seems logical that any machine smoking regime chosen for future product regulation should reflect these findings for it to have valid public health relevance. In addition, it seems misguided to discourage product design features, such as ventilation, which clearly can provide products with reduced human smoke exposure, just to maintain the dogma, counter to the scientific evidence, that there must be a regulatory regime with 100% ventilation blocking. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

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