Imperial College of Business Studies

www.imperial.edu.pk
Sita Road, Pakistan

The Imperial University Was established in 1991 by the Pakistan Benevolence & Social Management Trust. The initial development of IU was supported by academic collaboration with the University of Hull, UK. In 2002, ICBS was chartered by the Govt. of Punjab as independent degree awarding institution .The University offers academic programs in multiple disciplines including Engineering, Management science, Computing, Information Technology, Applied Technology, Social science, Natural science, Commerce,Medicine, Architecture and Fashion Designing.The University has faculty members in each discipline.School of Business, Economics and Management science.School of Computing and Information science.School of Engineering and TechnologySchool of Architecture, Art and DesignSchool of Medicine Wikipedia.

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Rauf A.,University of Swabi | Imran M.,Imperial College of Business Studies | Butt M.S.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Nadeem M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology | And 2 more authors.
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2017

Owing to their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity, grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are the archetypal paradigms of fruits used not only for nutritional purposes, but also for exclusive therapeutics. Grapes are a prominent and promising source of phytochemicals, especially resveratrol, a phytoalexin antioxidant found in red grapes which has both chemopreventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments. Resveratrol's role in reducing different human cancers, including breast, cervical, uterine, blood, kidney, liver, eye, bladder, thyroid, esophageal, prostate, brain, lung, skin, gastric, colon, head and neck, bone, ovarian, and cervical, has been reviewed. This review covers the literature that deals with the anti-cancer mechanism of resveratrol with special reference to antioxidant potential. Furthermore, this article summarizes the literature pertaining to resveratrol as an anti-cancer agent. © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC


Ali M.,Imperial College of Business Studies | Yousaf A.,The University of Lahore | Usman F.,The University of Lahore
2017 8th International Renewable Energy Congress, IREC 2017 | Year: 2017

The term Demand Side Management (DSM) was introduced in 1973 energy crisis. We know that electrical energy is in the form of energy which cannot be stored on a large scale. So the electricity should be produced, distributed and supplied to the user immediately. There is a large difference between peak demand and average which results in high generation cost per unit and load shedding. It is impossible for developing countries to meet the demand by installing new power plants. The only smart way in handling these crises is Demand Side Management (DSM) techniques. DSM focuses on optimal utilization of available electricity during peak and off-peak hours, this helps to maintain consumer's load curve according to objective load curve. In this technique, we will analyze load curve of customer demand and then shift that load curve from peak load hours to off-peak hours using available resources. The whole project is based on three phases. In the first phase, we will choose an area of collecting data. After this, we will draw load curve of that data on MATLAB and reshape it into objective load curve in which load is shifted from peak hours to off-peak hours. The second phase is to design a controller at both utility and consumer end where two-way communications will be established between consumers and utility, after this we will design a prototype of this project. In short the outcome of this project will help to reduce the energy crises in under-developed countries in such a short time. If this project will be installed efficiently on a large scale, energy problems can be reduced in shorter time period. © 2017 IEEE.


Ali M.,Imperial College of Business Studies | Yousaf A.,The University of Lahore | Usman F.,The University of Lahore
2017 8th International Renewable Energy Congress, IREC 2017 | Year: 2017

Now-a-days renewable energy is the major concern due to the speed tendency in the progress of nations across the world and increased interests in environmental issues, In this research work on Design and Simulation of Power Electronic Controller for the model of Grid Connected PV Array for the purpose of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) using the DC boost convertor with line commutated invertor coupled with controller of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for power interfacing of Grid Connected PV Array have been developed and simulated. Subject upon the irradiation the output of PV Array changes. In order to supply constant DC Supply to inverter circuit, the automatically adjustment of the duty cycle of PI controller is necessary. The single -phase utility Grid is fed by Maximum power from the solar array through MPPT Controller. By using open loop mode and close loop mode at different firing angles active power has been fed to the grid. Both the responses have been compared and found that they are agreed with each other. The proposed scheme has been modeled in the MATLAB 7.1/Simulink software by using open loop mode and close loop mode at different firing angles active power has been fed to the grid. Both the responses have been compared and found that they are agreed with each other. © 2017 IEEE.


Akhtar S.,Institute of Food Science and Nutrition | Rauf A.,University of Anbar | Imran M.,Imperial College of Business Studies | Qamar M.,Institute of Food Science and Nutrition | And 2 more authors.
Trends in Food Science and Technology | Year: 2017

Background The last few decades have witnessed a paradigm shift from the consumption of synthetic and processed foods towards natural food products because of their excellent health features. These trends are not only reshaping the approach to defend multiple ailments but also have opened avenues for scientific exploration to cure various physiological disorders. Scope and approach The present review primarily aims at spotlighting the presence of potential phytochemicals in black carrots (Daucus Carota L.) and their significant role in several major metabolic syndromes, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes mellitus, obesity, and oxidative stress-induced other malignancies. In addition, the current comprehensive review focuses on the chemistry and pharmacokinetics of black carrot polyphenols and proclaims black carrot anthocyanins as the major biological fractions to offer disease prevention and to some extent curative properties. Key findings and conclusions In addition to its remarkable anthocyanins profile, black carrots are good source of a wide array of flavonoids evidently reported to avert a myriad of degenerative diseases. Health and therapeutic characteristics of these bioactive compounds call for further explorative studies and research endeavors to exploit this vegetable for prevention and cure of many diseases. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Ter Wal A.L.J.,Imperial College of Business Studies | Ter Wal A.L.J.,University Utrecht
Regional Studies | Year: 2013

Ter Wal A. L. J. Cluster emergence and network evolution: a longitudinal analysis of the inventor network in Sophia-Antipolis, Regional Studies. It is increasingly acknowledged that clusters do not necessarily exhibit networks of local collective learning. Through a case study of Sophia-Antipolis in France, this study investigates to what extent networks of collective learning emerged throughout the growth of the business park. A longitudinal analysis of the inventor networks of its two main sectors reveals that a local network of collective learning emerged only in Information Technology and not in the Life Sciences. Through the creation of spin-offs and high-technology start-up firms, the initial dominance of large multinationals decreased only in Information Technology. This suggests that small firms play an important role in establishing local networks. © 2013 Copyright Regional Studies Association.


Cantner U.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Meder A.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Ter Wal A.L.J.,Imperial College of Business Studies
Technovation | Year: 2010

Although network analysis has gained increasing attention over the last years, the literature on Regional Innovation Systems thus far has not embraced network methods. This study is an attempt to enrich the Regional Innovation System concept by applying social network methods to quantitatively assess the extent to which innovating actors in a region engage in systemic forms of knowledge exchange and collaboration. On the basis of a comparison of three rather different regional innovator networks, the paper suggests that regions with a strong knowledge base that are specialized in broad technology fields tend to have relatively fragmented network structures. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


PubMed | University of Swabi, University of Jordan, Imperial College of Business Studies, Indiana University Bloomington and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Critical reviews in food science and nutrition | Year: 2016

Owing to their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity, grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are the archetypal paradigms of fruits used not only for nutritional purposes but also for exclusive therapeutics. Grapes are a prominent and promising source of phytochemicals, especially resveratrol, a phytoalexin antioxidant found in red grapes which has both chemopreventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments. Resveratrols role in reducing different human cancers, including breast, cervical, uterine, blood, kidney, liver, eye, bladder, thyroid, esophageal, prostate, brain, lung, skin, gastric, colon, head and neck, bone, ovarian, and cervical, has been reviewed. This review covers the literature that deals with the anticancer mechanism of resveratrol with special reference to antioxidant potential. Furthermore, this article summarizes the literature pertaining to resveratrol as an anticancer agent.


PubMed | FHAS, The Women University Multan and Imperial College of Business Studies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Viral immunology | Year: 2016

Viruses are the intracellular pathogens that reproduce only in the living cell and manipulate the cellular machinery to produce more viruses. Viral replications can affect cellular genes of the host in multiple cancerous ways. Approximately, 20% of all human oncogenesis is caused by cancer-causing viruses known as oncoviruses. Viral infection causes chronic inflammation leading to cell death, uncontrollable proliferation, and modulated expression of some of the regulatory proteins. Oncogenesis is a multistep phenomenon in which normal host cells are transformed into cancerous cells on the basis of host genetic variability. Oncogenic viruses encode genes that cause viral replication and transformation of the host cells to produce viral proteins and protein complexes. The phenomenon from basic viral infection to tumorigenesis is lengthy due to the involvement of factors like immunity complications, cellular mutations, and exposure to other cancerous agents. The viruses that are involved in human cancer development are Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Human papilloma virus (HPV), Kaposis sarcoma herpes virus (KSHV), and Human T lymphotrophic virus 1 (HTLV-1). This review article summarizes advanced knowledge related to human oncogenic viruses and the molecular mechanisms that lead to tumorigenesis in humans.


PubMed | University of Queensland, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Imperial College of Business Studies and Government College University at Faisalabad
Type: | Journal: Critical reviews in food science and nutrition | Year: 2016

Cucurmin, a naturally yellow component isolated from turmeric, ability to prevent various life-style related disorders. The current review article mainly emphasizes on different anticancer perspectives of cucurmin i.e. colon, cervical, uterine, ovarian, prostate head and neck, breast, pulmonary, stomach and gastric, pancreatic, bladder oral, oesophageal and bone cancer. It holds a mixture of strong bioactive molecule known as cucurminoids that has ability to reduce cancer/tumor at initial, promotion and progression stages of tumor development. In particular, these compounds block several enzymes required for the growth of tumors and may therefore involve in tumor treatments. Moreover, it modulates an array of cellular progressions i.e. nitric oxide synthetase activity, protein kinase C activity, epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor intrinsic kinase activity, nuclear factor kappa (NF-kB) activity, inhibiting lipid peroxidation and production of reactive oxygen species. However, current manuscript summarizes most of the recent investigations of cucurmin but still further research should be conducted to explore the role of curcumin to mitigate various cancers.


PubMed | Islam Dental College, National University of Sciences and Technology and Imperial College of Business Studies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica | Year: 2016

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a major health burden across the world which leads to the development of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This review article discusses the prevalence of HIV, its major routes of transmission, natural immunity, and evasion from the host immune system. HIV is mostly prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa and low income countries. It is mostly transmitted by sharing syringe needles, blood transfusion, and sexual routes. The host immune system is categorized into three main types; the innate, the adaptive, and the intrinsic immune system. Regarding the innate immune system against HIV, the key players are mucosal membrane, dendritic cells (DCs), complement system, interferon, and host Micro RNAs. The major components of the adaptive immune system exploited by HIV are T cells mainly CD4+ T cells and B cells. The intrinsic immune system confronted by HIV involves (apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3G) APOBEC3G, tripartite motif 5- (TRIM5a), terherin, and (SAM-domain HD-domain containing protein) SAMHD1. HIV-1 efficiently interacts with the host immune system, exploits the host machinery, successfully replicates and transmits from one cell to another. Further research is required to explore evasion strategies of HIV to develop novel therapeutic approaches against HIV.

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