Rochester, NY, United States

Impact Technologies, LLC

www.impact-tek.com/
Rochester, NY, United States

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Grant
Agency: Department of Energy | Branch: | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 150.00K | Year: 2014

Deep borehole disposal of high level nuclear waste has been acknowledged by most experts as the best and safest method to permanently dispose the large volumes/ tons of such waste that have been generated (military and civilian) and surface stored over many decades at various sites around the country. Surface storage of such materials is not ideal. The cost of the required wells (drilling and completion) is estimated at $20-$40 million each and hundreds of such wells are needed for the volumes of waste amassed to date. Methods to lower cost and add additional layers of sealing barriers are desired as this disposal program advances. High energy millimeter wave (MMW) technology, in the 20 to 300 GHz frequency range that was developed for fusion energy research, can be efficiently transported through boreholes over long distances, to over 5 kilometer (16,500 feet) in depth, and can drill into hard crystalline rock formations. The impacted rocks (e.g. granites and basalts) will melt and form a solid, dense, impermeable glass melt seal in the wellbore for permanent entombment of any waste below. A new MMW drilling capability can drill smaller diameter, deeper boreholes to allow the use of higher vitrification waste loadings, reducing waste volumes and have a multiplicative effect on reducing the entire cost of nuclear waste disposal from processing to disposal. Phase I will include analysis of this approach and bench test experiments including at least one rock melt demonstration using a 10 kiloWatt (kW) MMW source to form a rock-melt plug/ seal in a pre-drilled rock bore. In addition, high temperature furnace melt tests on various materials will form the basis for later comparative testing to the standard cement. Phase II will further demonstrate MMW melting with the goal to determine the most optimal conditions to create solid impermeable melt plugs from various rock, metal and other materials. Furnace tests will be expanded to melt different materials for further improvements. Strength and permeability tests on the melt specimens are planned to compare to cements and other materials. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: Commercialization of this technology can proceed rapidly after limited testing with a higher powered MMW source to confirm the findings from Phase II of this project. Commercial applications using the higher powered units include mining and tunneling through hard rock, drilling and lining wellbores, even very deep geothermal wells, hydraulic fracturing shales and geothermal granites, as well as permanently sealing nuclear wastes in deep rock vaults.


Grant
Agency: Department of Energy | Branch: | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 1.00M | Year: 2014

Deep borehole disposal of high level nuclear waste has been acknowledged by most experts as the best and safest method to permanently dispose the large volumes/ tons of such waste that have been generated (military and civilian) and surface stored over many decades at various sites around the country. Surface storage of such materials is not ideal. The cost of the required wells (drilling and completion) is estimated at $20-$40 million each and hundreds of such wells are needed for the volumes of waste amassed to date. Methods to lower cost and add additional layers of sealing barriers are desired as this disposal program advances. High energy millimeter wave (MMW) technology, in the 20 to 300 GHz frequency range that was developed for fusion energy research, can be efficiently transported through boreholes over long distances, to over 5 kilometer (16,500 feet) in depth, and can drill into hard crystalline rock formations. The impacted rocks (e.g. granites and basalts) will melt and form a solid, dense, impermeable glass melt seal in the wellbore for permanent entombment of any waste below. A new MMW drilling capability can drill smaller diameter, deeper boreholes to allow the use of higher vitrification waste loadings, reducing waste volumes and have a multiplicative effect on reducing the entire cost of nuclear waste disposal from processing to disposal. Phase I will include analysis of this approach and bench test experiments including at least one rock melt demonstration using a 10 kiloWatt (kW) MMW source to form a rock-melt plug/ seal in a pre-drilled rock bore. In addition, high temperature furnace melt tests on various materials will form the basis for later comparative testing to the standard cement. Phase II will further demonstrate MMW melting with the goal to determine the most optimal conditions to create solid impermeable melt plugs from various rock, metal and other materials. Furnace tests will be expanded to melt different materials for further improvements. Strength and permeability tests on the melt specimens are planned to compare to cements and other materials. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: Commercialization of this technology can proceed rapidly after limited testing with a higher powered MMW source to confirm the findings from Phase II of this project. Commercial applications using the higher powered units include mining and tunneling through hard rock, drilling and lining wellbores, even very deep geothermal wells, hydraulic fracturing shales and geothermal granites, as well as permanently sealing nuclear wastes in deep rock vaults.


Patent
Impact Technologies, LLC | Date: 2013-02-24

A monitoring device for monitoring the vital signs of a user is disclosed herein. The monitoring device is preferably comprises an article, an optical sensor, an accelerometer and processor. The optical sensor preferably comprises a photodetector and a plurality of light emitting diodes. A sensor signal from the optical sensor is processed with a filtered accelerometer output signal from the accelerometer to create a filtered vital sign signal used to generate a real-time vital sign for a user.


Patent
Impact Technologies, LLC | Date: 2015-05-25

A monitoring device for monitoring the vital signs of a user is disclosed herein. The monitoring device is preferably comprises an article, an optical sensor, an accelerometer and processor. The optical sensor preferably comprises a photodetector and a plurality of light emitting diodes. A sensor signal from the optical sensor is processed with a filtered accelerometer output signal from the accelerometer to create a filtered vital sign signal used to generate a real-time vital sign for a user.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 749.96K | Year: 2011

U.S. Navy submarines are equipped with an increasing number of actuators, including azimuth thrusters, that can enable an unprecedented level of maneuverability with a properly designed and executed control system. In this Phase II effort, Impact Technologies has teamed with L-3 Communications and Virginia Tech to continue development of an automated submarine propulsion-enhanced control (ASPEC) system to achieve highly-precise control for autonomous execution of course-keeping, mooring/unmooring, mine avoidance, and collision avoidance. The retrofit control system features an energy-shaping control system with Lyapunov stability guarantees, a nonlinear optimal control allocation scheme to ensure fault-tolerant operation, and a safety-preserving guidance system. A detailed design and integration effort will be undertaken in Phase II which will emphasize integration with existing voyage management systems (VMS). Planned simulation studies will extend Phase I results by assessing maneuverability amidst realistic sea disturbances, providing opportunities to demonstrate and quantify vehicle safety in various operating modes (e.g. station-keeping and course-following). The effort will culminate in representative field trials conducted on a mature scaled, autonomous submarine platform developed by Virginia Tech. The muli-phased effort will provide strong opportunities to demonstrate the technology to stakeholders and ensure widespread adoption of the commercialized product on board submarines and similarly-outfitted Navy vessels.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 749.97K | Year: 2011

Given the drivetrain issues on the tail rotor splined shaft for the Seahawk, there is a need for robust tools that will provide better design guidance, provide current health status as well as provide prognostic capabilities for gearbox splines. To meet this need, Impact Technologies, LLC proposes to develop and demonstrate a spline health assessment and prognosis system that will utilize physics-based spline lifing models in conjunction with vibration data to produce actionable life usage and health assessment feedback. We intend to create a comprehensive technology suite that will accurately and quickly assess the impact of past and future vehicle usage on spline health status and therefore, on overall gearbox and vehicle reliability and mission readiness. The approach will consist of identifying and quantifying spline faults including fretting-fatigue-induced crack initiation and subsequent crack propagation. Accurately characterizing the current health will allow improved estimates for remaining useable life. The development of spline health models will require modeling, material characterization, and testing as well as the use of sensor data and tuned vibration-based feature algorithms.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 749.69K | Year: 2011

Test cell acquisition of thrust data for the Joint Strike Fighter is often corrupted by vibrations, noise and interference associated with the test cell environment. Impact Technologies is partnering with Pratt and Whitney and Saratoga Control Systems, Inc. to develop a thrust estimation system based on a hybrid physics-based/empirical engine model to provide"virtual"measurements of thrust and other parameters of interest to test cell data reduction. The estimation system under development employs high-fidelity Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) models as the embedded engine model in a constant-gain extended Kalman filtering structure. Employing this filtering structure in conjunction with a neural network empirical model allows for errors due to engine-to-engine variation, degradation, and test stand dynamics to be captured even during aggressive transients, resulting in a highly-robust reconstruction of thrust. To ensure penetration across engine platforms and test cell sites, it is proposed to first develop the estimation system using a commercial engine platform, then extend to a multi-axis military engine platforms. The multi-staged Phase II project is designed for full integration of the thrust estimation software in DoD/commercial engine test cells, while also fostering strong opportunities for insertion in on-board, model-based controls and diagnostic systems.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Navy | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 749.84K | Year: 2011

Impact Technologies, with support from multiple helicopter system OEMs, proposes to develop a universal, low-power, modular system that can monitor the condition of winch components. The system will utilize a limited number of sensors to collect necessary data and autonomously generate and display the remaining service life, current health state, and failure mode classification (if detected). Using proven methods with low technical risk, Impact proposes to integrate the results of the winch PHM system into existing HUMS systems, allowing integration of winch specific information into established maintenance and logistic procedures. The program is innovative in its combination of new analysis/modeling methods, proven digital smart sensors, of which many have been successfully implemented by the authors in previous machinery health management programs, data fusion, and wireless architecture design. Ultimately, the outcome will be a modular and robust monitoring system that can be readily configured and deployed to monitor the condition of any winch or hoist system to maximize operational efficiency, increase safety, and reduce costs.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Air Force | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 749.88K | Year: 2011

ABSTRACT: Impact Technologies, in collaboration with our OEM partners, proposes to develop a hybrid approach for real-time prognostics of electromechanical actuators (EMAs) that will advance the state-of-the-art in prognostics technologies and help enable the use of EMAs in high power applications. The overall approach will feature a high fidelity dynamic model of various subsystems to virtually sense parameters that can be used to detect degradation, isolate probable root cause, and assess severity. In addition, data-driven techniques will also complement the model-based approach, including approaches related to command-response error analysis and dynamic features. A system level reasoner, featuring advanced diagnostics, prognostics, and knowledge fusion algorithms, will then be implemented within a probabilistic framework. Model order reduction and uncertainty management will also be addressed to facilitate use within an embedded, on-board implementation. The effort will strive to use the existing sensors that are already available on the aircraft for control, thus limiting the complexity, cost, and weight associated with fielding the system. Experimental validation efforts will be performed within currently available Impact and OEM facilitates. This automated, prognostic package will significantly enhance the ability to safely operate aircraft, schedule maintenance activities, optimize operational life cycles, and reduce support costs. BENEFIT: Improvements to the current state-of-the-art in actuator diagnostics is needed to reap the benefits of EMA technologies for high power (>10 kilowatts) applications and avoid"cannot duplicate"failure notifications and improve maintainability. With the successful developments and implementation of this effort, it is strongly anticipated that the prototype algorithms and software module will fulfill this need and be of significant benefit to many DoD applications, including F-35, Remotely Piloted Vehicles (RPV), and NextGen engines/aircraft. Availability improvements will be realized through the reduction of recurring and nonrecurring PHM actions on actuator systems. The realization of such an automated, prognostic reasoning package will significantly enhance the maintainer"s ability to schedule maintenance activities, optimize operational life cycles, and reduce the overall logistics footprint. Better diagnosis of actuation systems and more accurate time-to-failure predictions will reduce the risk of safety-related system failures and decrease costly inspection routines as well as premature component replacements by using a risk-based, maintenance optimization technique. This development is also applicable to civilian aviation applications (passenger aircraft, cargo transports, business jets, private aircraft, etc.). The developed approach and design products could be adapted for a variety of other commercial applications, including: land and marine propulsion systems, industrial actuation systems, fluid power transmission, robotic applications, weapon systems, and air vehicles operating in sustained supersonic cruise.


A method for determining and presenting optimum social security benefits strategies received includes receiving input regarding at least one social security retirement benefits participants age and full retirement age benefit amount. The method includes calculating, for each of a plurality of filing strategies and based on the inputs and the life expectancy of the at least one social security retirement benefits participant, a monetary value of social security benefits for a plurality of different benefits start ages of the participant and outputting indication of the relative monetary benefits for the different benefits start ages.

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