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Rosado M.M.,Immunology Research Area | Bernardo M.E.,Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu | Scarsella M.,Immunology Research Area | Conforti A.,Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu | And 12 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2015

Bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), endowed with immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties, represent a promising tool in immunoregulatory and regenerative cell therapy. Clarifying the interactions between MSCs and B-lymphocytes may be crucial for designing innovative MSC-based strategies in conditions in which B cells play a role, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rejection of kidney transplantation. In this study, we show that, both in healthy subjects and in patients, in vitro B-cell proliferation, plasma-cell differentiation, and antibody production are inhibited by BM-derived MSCs when peripheral blood lymphocytes are stimulated with CpG, but not when sorted B cells are cultured with MSCs+CpG. Inhibition is restored in CpG+MSC cocultures when sorted T cells are added to sorted B cells, suggesting that this effect is mediated by T cells, with both CD4+ and CD8+ cells playing a role. Moreover, cell-cell contact between MSCs and T cells, but not between MSCs and B cells, is necessary to inhibit B-cell proliferation. Thus, the presence of functional T cells, as well as cell-cell contact between MSCs and T cells, are crucial for B-cell inhibition. This information can be relevant for implementing MSC-based therapeutic immune modulation in patients in whom T-cell function is impaired. © 2015 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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