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de Vries E.,Robert Bosch GmbH | Alvarez Cardona A.,National University of Costa Rica | Abdul Latiff A.H.,Monash University | Badolato R.,Clinica Pediatrica dellUniversity Brescia c o Spedali Civili | And 39 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology | Year: 2012

Members of the European Society for Immunodeficiencies (ESID) and other colleagues have updated the multi-stage expert-opinion-based diagnostic protocol for non-immunologists incorporating newly defined primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs). The protocol presented here aims to increase the awareness of PIDs among doctors working in different fields. Prompt identification of PID is important for prognosis, but this may not be an easy task. The protocol therefore starts from the clinical presentation of the patient. Because PIDs may present at all ages, this protocol is aimed at both adult and paediatric physicians. The multi-stage design allows cost-effective screening for PID of the large number of potential cases in the early phases, with more expensive tests reserved for definitive classification in collaboration with a specialist in the field of immunodeficiency at a later stage. © 2011 The Author. Clinical and Experimental Immunology © 2011 British Society for Immunology. Source

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