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Rome, Italy

Patuzzo G.,University of Verona | Tinazzi E.,University of Verona | Micheletti M.,University of Verona | Puccetti A.,Immunology Area | Lunardi C.,University of Verona
European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2016

Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (PIL) is rare disorder characterized by congenital malformation or obstruction of intestinal lymphatic drainage; it is responsible for protein losing enteropathy leading to lymphopenia, hypoalbuminemia and hypogammaglobulinemia. A low-fat diet associated with medium-chain triglyceride supplementation is the cornerstone of PIL management. The administration of intravenous immunoglobulins does not always lead to satisfactory plasma levels and therefore the replacement therapy with immunoglobulins is controversial. We describe here the case of a patient with PIL and severe hypogammaglobulinemia treated with immunoglobulins. The striking aspect of this case is the clinical and serological benefit obtained with the subcutaneous compared to the intravenous immunoglobulins administration. © 2016 Associazione Italiana Allergologi Immunologi Territoriali e Ospedalieri - AAITO. Source

Rosado M.M.,Immunology Area | Nasta F.,ENEA | Prisco M.G.,ENEA | Prisco M.G.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | And 3 more authors.
Bioelectromagnetics | Year: 2014

Studies describing the influence of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on bone marrow cells (BMC) often lack functional data. We examined the effects of in vivo exposure to a Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) modulated 900MHz RF fields on BMC using two transplantation models. X-irradiated syngeneic mice were injected with BMC from either RF-field-exposed, sham-exposed or cage control mice. Twelve weeks after transplantation, no differences in thymocyte number, frequency of subpopulations and cell proliferation were found in mice receiving BMC from either group. Also, in the spleen cell number, percentages of B/T cells, B/T-cell proliferation, and interferon γ (IFN-γ) production were similar in all groups. In parallel, a mixture of BMC from congenic sham- and RF-exposed mice were co-transplanted into lymphopenic Rag2 deficient mice. BMC from RF-exposed and sham-exposed mice displayed no advantage or disadvantage when competing for the replenishment of lymphatic organs with mature lymphocytes in Rag2 deficient mice. This model revealed that BMC from sham-exposed and RF-exposed mice were less efficient than BMC from cage control mice in repopulating the thymus, an effect likely due to restraint stress. In conclusion, our results showed no effects of in vivo exposure to GSM-modulated RF-fields on the ability of bone marrow (BM) precursors to long-term reconstitute peripheral T and B cell compartments. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Grossi A.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital IRCCS | Palma A.,Immunology Area | Zanni G.,Unit of Molecular Medicine | Novelli A.,Institute CSS Mendel | And 3 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2013

Turner syndrome is a condition caused by numeric and structural abnormalities of the X chromosome, and is characterized by a series of clinical features, the most common being short stature and gonadal dysgenesis. An increased frequency of autoimmune diseases as well as an elevated incidence of autoantibodies has been observed in Turner patients.We present a unique case of mosaic Turner syndrome with a complex rearrangement consisting of a partial deletion of chromosome 2q and duplication of chromosome 10p {[46],XX,der(2)t(2;10)(2pter. →. 2q37::10p13. →. 10pter)[127]/45,X,der(2)t(2;10)(2pter. →. 2q37::10p13. →. 10pter)[23]}. The patient is affected by partial empty sella, in association with a group of multiorgan autoimmunity-related manifestations including Hashimoto's thyroiditis, celiac disease, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes, T1D), possible autoimmune inner ear disease with sensorineural deficit, preclinical Addison disease and alopecia universalis. The patient was previously described at the age of 2.4. years and now re-evaluated at the age of 14. years after she developed autoimmune conditions. AIRE gene screening revealed heterozygous c.834 C>G polymorphism (p.Ser278Arg) and IVS9+6G>A variation, thus likely excluding autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome Type 1 (APECED). Heterozygous R620W polymorphism of the protein tyrosine phosphatase non receptor type 22 (. PTPN22) gene was detected in patient's DNA. SNP-array analysis revealed that autoimmunity-related genes could be affected by the partial monosomy 2q and trisomy 10p.These data suggest that early genetic analysis in TS patients with complex associations of multiorgan autoimmune manifestations would permit a precise diagnostic classification and also be an indicator for undiscovered pathogenetic mechanisms. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Fierabracci A.,Immunology Area | Milillo A.,Immunology Area | Locatelli F.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital IRCCS | Locatelli F.,University of Pavia | Fruci D.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital IRCCS
Autoimmunity Reviews | Year: 2012

Autoimmune diseases represent a heterogeneous group of conditions whose incidence is increasing worldwide. This has stimulated studies on their etiopathogenesis, derived from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors, aimed at finally improving prevention and treatment of these diseases. In the autoimmune process, immune responses are generated against self antigens presented by Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class I on the cell surface. These peptide/MHC class I complexes are generated and assembled through MHC class I antigen processing and presentation machinery. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), aminopeptidases ERAP1 and ERAP2 display distinct trimming activity before antigenic peptides are loaded onto MHC class I molecules. The advent of new tools such as genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has provided evidence for new susceptibility loci and candidate genes playing a role in the autoimmune process for the recognized immune function of their transcripts. Genetic linkage has been discovered with MHC antigens and various autoimmune conditions. Recent GWAS showed the importance of ERAP1 and ERAP2 in several autoimmune diseases, including ankylosing spondylitis, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease. In this review, we first provide a general overview of ERAP1 and ERAP2 genes, their biological functions and their relevancy in autoimmunity. We then discuss the importance of GWAS and the case-control studies that confirm the relevancy of ERAP single-nucleotide polymorphism associations and their linkage with particular MHC class I haplotypes, supporting a putative functional role in the autoimmune process. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Rosado M.M.,Immunology Area | Gesualdo F.,Multifactorial Diseases and Complex Phenotypes Area | Marcellini V.,Immunology Area | Di Sabatino A.,University of Pavia | And 13 more authors.
European Journal of Immunology | Year: 2013

Splenectomized patients are exposed to an increased risk of septicemia caused by encapsulated bacteria. Defense against infection is ensured by preformed serum antibodies produced by long-lived plasma cells and by memory B cells that secrete immunoglobulin in response to specific antigenic stimuli. Studying a group of asplenic individuals (57 adults and 21 children) without additional immunologic defects, we found that spleen removal does not alter serum anti-pneumococcal polysaccharide (PnPS) IgG concentration, but reduces the number of PnPS-specific memory B cells, of both IgM and IgG isotypes. The number of specific memory B cells was low in splenectomized adults and children that had received the PnPS vaccine either before or after splenectomy. Seven children were given the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccine after splenectomy. In this group, the number of PnPS-specific IgG memory B cells was similar to that of eusplenic children, suggesting that pneumococcal conjugated vaccine administered after splenectomy is able to restore the pool of anti-PnPS IgG memory B cells. Our data further elucidate the crucial role of the spleen in the immunological response to infections caused by encapsulated bacteria and suggest that glycoconjugated vaccines may be the most suitable choice to generate IgG-mediated protection in these patients. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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