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Okamoto K.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine
BMJ case reports | Year: 2011

The authors report a case of a 43-year-old woman who presented with second degree chemical burns to 9% of the total body surface area due to cutaneous contact with cresol. This was associated with acute oliguric kidney injury requiring haemodialysis. In contrast to previous reports of cresol ingestion, the patient did not have evidence of hepatic dysfunction, possibly due to a low cresol concentration in the portal vein and liver. Renal histopathology showed regional accentuated tubular necrosis and disruption of the tubular basement membrane. Renal toxicity was thought to be due to direct tubular toxicity and impaired renal blood flow. Source


Katagiri D.,University of Tokyo | Doi K.,University of Tokyo | Honda K.,University of Tokyo | Negishi K.,University of Tokyo | And 10 more authors.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2012

Background: Urinary L-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) has not been evaluated for adult post-cardiac surgery acute kidney injury (AKI) to date. This study was undertaken to evaluate a biomarker panel consisting of urinary L-FABP and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), a more established urinary marker of kidney injury, for AKI diagnosis in adult post-cardiac surgery patients. Methods: This study prospectively evaluated 77 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery at 2 general hospitals. Urinary L-FABP and NAG were measured before surgery, at intensive care unit arrival after surgery (0 hours), 4, and 12 hours after arrival. The AKI was diagnosed by the Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria. Results: Of 77 patients, 28 patients (36.4%) developed AKI after surgery. Urinary L-FABP and NAG were significantly increased. However, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis revealed that the biomarkers' performance was statistically significant but limited for clinical translation (area under the curve of ROC [AUC-ROC] for L-FABP at 4 hours 0.72 and NAG 0.75). Urinary L-FABP showed high sensitivity and NAG detected AKI with high specificity. Therefore, we combined these 2 biomarkers, which revealed that this combination panel can detect AKI with higher accuracy than either biomarker measurement alone (AUC-ROC 0.81). Moreover, this biomarker panel improved AKI risk prediction significantly compared with predictions made using the clinical model alone. Conclusions: When urinary L-FABP and NAG are combined, they can detect AKI adequately, even in a heterogeneous population of adult post-cardiac surgery AKI. Combining 2 markers with different sensitivity and specificity presents a reasonable strategy to improve the diagnostic performance of biomarkers. © 2012 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Source


Moriya H.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | Kobayashi S.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | Ohtake T.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | Tutumi D.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research | Year: 2013

Aims: Aliskiren inhibits the first step in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and recently has been shown to modulate vascular diseases via RAS-dependent and independent pathways. This study aimed to determine the effect of aliskiren-associated direct renin inhibition on endothelial function in patients on hemodialysis via flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and platelet-derived microparticles (PDMP), as biomarkers of atherosclerosis. Methods: A 12-week prospective study was performed with 24 patients on hemodialysis who were administered 150 mg orally aliskiren once daily for 12 weeks. Results: No significant difference were observed between pre-dialysis, home, and weekly averaged blood pressure at baseline and at 12 weeks (151.5 ± 8.5/80.9 ± 12.9 mmHg vs 150.3 ± 15.3/78.9 ± 21.2 mmHg, 151.4 ± 9.7/82.3 ± 14.7 mmHg vs 151.2 ± 17.7/81.4 ± 10.6 mmHg, and 156.0 ± 18.3/81.9 ± 9.4 mmHg vs 152.5 ± 18.9/81.7 ± 12.3 mmHg, respectively). FMD significantly increased from 2.54% ± 1.45% at baseline to 3.11% ± 1.37% at 12 weeks (P = 0.0267), and PDMP significantly decreased from 13.9 ± 5.8 U/mL at baseline to 10.9 ± 4.5 U/mL at 12 weeks (P = 0.0002). Conclusion: Aliskiren improved vascular endothelial function and platelet-endothelium activation in patients on hemodialysis independent of antihypertensive effect. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source


Okamoto K.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | Okamoto K.,University of Tokyo | Noiri E.,University of Tokyo | Oka M.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | And 3 more authors.
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2011

The authors report a case of a 43-year-old woman who presented with second degree chemical burns to 9% of the total body surface area due to cutaneous contact with cresol. This was associated with acute oliguric kidney injury requiring haemodialysis. In contrast to previous reports of cresol ingestion, the patient did not have evidence of hepatic dysfunction, possibly due to a low cresol concentration in the portal vein and liver. Renal histopathology showed regional accentuated tubular necrosis and disruption of the tubular basement membrane. Renal toxicity was thought to be due to direct tubular toxicity and impaired renal blood flow. Copyright 2011 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source


Oka M.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | Ohtake T.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | Mochida Y.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | Ishioka K.,Immunology and Vascular Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis | Year: 2012

Coronary artery calcification (CAC) leads to a significant increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Metabolic acidosis, which is common in HD patients, promotes bone resorption in human and animals as a result of buffer function of bone, and calcium and phosphate elute from bone into blood stream. However, the effect of acidosis on CAC in HD patients has never been precisely investigated. This is a cross-sectional observational study performed in a single center. One hundred and seven prevalent HD patients (35 women and 72 men) underwent electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) to evaluate CAC score (CACS), and then we evaluated associated factors of CACS with clinical and laboratory parameters including pre-HD pH and bicarbonate levels. Pre-HD pH and bicarbonate levels were 7.35±0.04, and 17.6±1.8mmol/L, respectively. The pre-HD pH had no significant correlation to CACS (r=-0.025, P=0.81). CACS was significantly negatively correlated with pre-HD bicarbonate levels (r=-0.329, P=0.0009) and serum albumin levels (r=-0.298, P=0.0467), while it was positively correlated with age (r=0.319, P=0.0008) and HD duration (r=0.385, P=0.0004). Serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, intact parathyroid hormone, and use of phosphorus binders were not related to CACS. Multivariate analysis indicated that plasma pre-HD bicarbonate level was independently associated with CACS. The present study showed that blood levels of pre-HD bicarbonate were significantly associated with CAC in HD patients. Further studies are needed to confirm these results and to determine whether correction of metabolic acidosis prevents the development of CAC, one of the features of accelerated atherosclerosis in HD patients. © 2012 The Authors. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2012 International Society for Apheresis. Source

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