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Tropical, United Kingdom

Plieskatt J.,Immunology and Tropical Medicine | Plieskatt J.,George Washington University | Rinaldi G.,Immunology and Tropical Medicine | Rinaldi G.,George Washington University | And 7 more authors.
Bioinformatics | Year: 2014

Motivation: BioClojure is an open-source library for the manipulation of biological sequence data written in the language Clojure. BioClojure aims to provide a functional framework for the processing of biological sequence data that provides simple mechanisms for concurrency and lazy evaluation of large datasets. Results: BioClojure provides parsers and accessors for a range of biological sequence formats, including UniProtXML, Genbank XML, FASTA and FASTQ. In addition, it provides wrappers for key analysis programs, including BLAST, SignalP, TMHMM and InterProScan, and parsers for analyzing their output. All interfaces leverage Clojure's functional style and emphasize laziness and composability, so that BioClojure, and user-defined, functions can be chained into simple pipelines that are thread-safe and seamlessly integrate lazy evaluation. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press.

Jacob D.,Institute Pasteur Paris | Hunegnaw R.,Immunology and Tropical Medicine | Sabyrzyanova T.A.,Moscow State University | Pushkarsky T.,Immunology and Tropical Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2014

HIV-1 Nef is an accessory protein responsible for inactivation of a number of host cell proteins essential for anti-viral immune responses. In most cases, Nef binds to the target protein and directs it to a degradation pathway. Our previous studies demonstrated that Nef impairs activity of the cellular cholesterol transporter, ABCA1, and that Nef interacts with ABCA1. Mutation of the 2226DDDHLK motif in the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail of ABCA1 disrupted interaction with Nef. Here, we tested Nef interaction with the ABCA1 C-terminal cytoplasmic fragment using yeast 2-hybrid system assay and co-immunoprecipitation analysis in human cells. Surprisingly, analysis in a yeast 2-hybrid system did not reveal any interaction between Nef and the C-terminal cytoplasmic fragment of ABCA1. Using co-immunoprecipitation from HEK 293T cells expressing these polypeptides, only a very weak interaction could be detected. The 2226DDDHLK motif in the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail of ABCA1 found previously to be essential for interaction between ABCA1 and Nef is insufficient to bestow strong binding to Nef. Molecular modeling suggested that interaction with Nef may be mediated by a conformational epitope composed of the sequences within the cytoplasmic loop of ABCA1 and the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain. Studies are now underway to characterize this epitope. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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