Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center

Bologna, Italy

Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center

Bologna, Italy
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Lonati D.,University of Pavia | Zancan A.,IRCCS Maugeri Foundation Clinical Institute | Pasi A.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Schreiber A.,IRCCS Maugeri Foundation Clinical Institute | And 6 more authors.
Dermatology | Year: 2014

Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) may develop in susceptible patients after administration of different drugs. Only mild cutaneous reactions have been related to lomefloxacin. A correlation between human leucocyte antigen (HLA) and cutaneous adverse reaction has been identified. Case Report: Twenty-four hours after intake of lomefloxacin, a 30-year-old Caucasian woman developed a severe skin reaction with symptoms suggesting SJS/TEN. The fast onset reaction worsened with skin blisters and 20% body surface area skin detachment within 48 h. Burn unit admittance was required; corticosteroids and human immunoglobulins were administered. Complete recovery occurred within 3 months, except for epidermal discoloration. Molecular studies showed a peculiar profile characterized by HLA class I genotype rich of ligands for natural killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and HLA class II haplotype, HLA-DRB1∗03:01,DQB1∗02:01, prone to autoimmunity. Conclusion: While the HLA profile approaches our case to other well-documented drug-induced SJS/TEN, KIR involvement still remains puzzling. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Revelli N.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Villa M.A.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Paccapelo C.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Manera M.C.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | And 4 more authors.
Blood Transfusion | Year: 2014

Background. In 2005, the government of Lombardy, an Italian region with an ethnically varied population of approximately 9.8 million inhabitants including 250,000 blood donors, founded the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme, a regional network of15 blood transfusion departments coordinated by the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory of the Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan. During 2005 to 2012, Lombardy funded LORD-P with 14.1 million euros. Materials and methods. During 2005-2012 the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme members developed a registry of blood donors and a bank of red blood cell units with either rare blood group phenotypes or IgA deficiency. To do this, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory performed extensive serological and molecular red blood cell typing in 59,738 group O or A, Rh CCDee, ccdee, ccDEE, ccDee, K or k donors aged 18-55 with a record of two or more blood donations, including both Caucasians and ethnic minorities. In parallel, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory implemented a 24/7 service of consultation, testing and distribution of rare units for anticipated or emergent transfusion needs in patients developing complex red blood cell alloimmunisation and lacking local compatible red blood cell or showing IgA deficiency. Results. Red blood cell typing identified 8,747, 538 and 33 donors rare for a combination of common antigens, negative for high-frequency antigens and with a rare Rh phenotype, respectively. In June 2012, the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme frozen inventory included 1,157 red blood cell units. From March 2010 to June 2012 one IgA-deficient donor was detected among 1,941 screened donors and IgA deficiency was confirmed in four previously identified donors. From 2005 to June 2012, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory provided 281 complex red blood cell alloimmunisation consultations and distributed 8,008 Lombardy Rare Donor Programme red blood cell units within and outside the region, which were transfused to 2,365 patients with no untoward effects. Discussion. Lombardy Rare Donor Programme, which recently joined the ISBT Working Party on Rare Donors, contributed to increase blood transfusion safety and efficacy inside and outside Lombardy. © SIMTI Servizi Srl.


Chiocchetti A.,The Interdisciplinary Center | Orilieri E.,The Interdisciplinary Center | Cappellano G.,The Interdisciplinary Center | Barizzone N.,The Interdisciplinary Center | And 11 more authors.
International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology | Year: 2010

Secreted phosphoprotein 1, also known as Osteopontin (Opn), is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in the TH1 response and is highly expressed in the islets and pancreatic lymph nodes of non-obese diabetic mice before the onset of diabetes. In humans, typing of the +1239A/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 3'UTR of the Opn gene (SPP1) showed that +1239C carriers displayed higher Opn serum levels than +1239A homozygotes and a higher risk of developing autoimmune/lymphoproliferative syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. The aim of this work is to evaluate whether +1239A/C is also associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We typed +1239A/C in an initial cohort of 184 T1DM patients and 361 controls, and confirmed our data in a second cohort of 513 patients and 857 controls. In both cohorts, +1239C carriers displayed a significantly higher risk of T1DM than +1239A homozygotes (combined cohorts: OR=1.63,95%CI: 1.34-1.97). Clinical analysis did not detect any differences between patients carrying or not +1239C in terms of gender distribution and age at T1DM diagnosis. These data suggest that SPP1 variants marked by +1239C are associated with T1DM development in the Italian population. The predisposing effect may depend on its effect on Opn levels. Copyright © by BIOLIFE, s.a.s.


PubMed | Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center, Foundation Medicine and Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Type: | Journal: Blood transfusion = Trasfusione del sangue | Year: 2014

In 2005, the government of Lombardy, an Italian region with an ethnically varied population of approximately 9.8 million inhabitants including 250,000 blood donors, founded the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme, a regional network of 15 blood transfusion departments coordinated by the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory of the Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan. During 2005 to 2012, Lombardy funded LORD-P with 14.1 million euros.During 2005-2012 the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme members developed a registry of blood donors and a bank of red blood cell units with either rare blood group phenotypes or IgA deficiency. To do this, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory performed extensive serological and molecular red blood cell typing in 59,738 group O or A, Rh CCDee, ccdee, ccDEE, ccDee, K- or k- donors aged 18-55 with a record of two or more blood donations, including both Caucasians and ethnic minorities. In parallel, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory implemented a 24/7 service of consultation, testing and distribution of rare units for anticipated or emergent transfusion needs in patients developing complex red blood cell alloimmunisation and lacking local compatible red blood cell or showing IgA deficiency.Red blood cell typing identified 8,747, 538 and 33 donors rare for a combination of common antigens, negative for high-frequency antigens and with a rare Rh phenotype, respectively. In June 2012, the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme frozen inventory included 1,157 red blood cell units. From March 2010 to June 2012 one IgA-deficient donor was detected among 1,941 screened donors and IgA deficiency was confirmed in four previously identified donors. From 2005 to June 2012, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory provided 281 complex red blood cell alloimmunisation consultations and distributed 8,008 Lombardy Rare Donor Programme red blood cell units within and outside the region, which were transfused to 2,365 patients with no untoward effects.Lombardy Rare Donor Programme, which recently joined the ISBT Working Party on Rare Donors, contributed to increase blood transfusion safety and efficacy inside and outside Lombardy.


Chiarini F.,University of Bologna | Grimaldi C.,University of Bologna | Ricci F.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Tazzari P.L.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2010

Recent findings have highlighted that constitutively active phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is a common feature of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), where it upregulates cell proliferation, survival, and drug resistance. These observations lend compelling weight to the application of PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitors in the therapy of T-ALL. Here, we have analyzed the therapeutic potential of the novel dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235, an orally bioavailable imidazoquinoline derivative, which has entered clinical trials for solid tumors, on both T-ALL cell lines and patient samples. NVP-BEZ235 was cytotoxic to a panel of T-ALL cell lines as determined by MTT assays. NVP-BEZ235 treatment resulted in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Western blots showed a dose- and time-dependent dephosphorylation of Akt and mTORC1 downstream targets in response to NVP-BEZ235. Remarkably, NVP-BEZ235 targeted the side population of both T-ALL cell lines and patient lymphoblasts, which might correspond to leukemia-initiating cells, and synergized with chemotherapeutic agents (cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, dexamethasone) currently used for treating T-ALL patients. NVP-BEZ235 reduced chemoresistance to vincristine induced in Jurkat cells by coculturing with MS-5 stromal cells, which mimic the bone marrow microenvironment. NVP-BEZ235 was cytotoxic to T-ALL patient lymphoblasts displaying pathway activation, where the drug dephosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1, at variance with rapamycin. Taken together, our findings indicate that longitudinal inhibition at two nodes of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR network with NVP-BEZ235, either alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs, may be an efficient treatment of those T-ALLs that have aberrant upregulation of this signaling pathway for their proliferation and survival. ©2010 AACR.


Bressanin D.,University of Bologna | Evangelisti C.,National Research Council Italy | Ricci F.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Tabellini G.,University of Brescia | And 9 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2012

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive malignant hematological disorder arising in the thymus from T-cell progenitors. T-ALL mainly affects children and young adults, and remains fatal in 20% of adolescents and 50% of adults, despite progress in polychemotherapy protocols. Therefore, innovative targeted therapies are desperately needed for patients with a dismal prognosis. Aberrant activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling is a common event in T-ALL patients and portends a poor prognosis. Preclinical studies have highlighted that modulators of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling could have a therapeutic relevance in T-ALL. However, the best strategy for inhibiting this highly complex signal transduction pathway is still unclear, as the pharmaceutical companies have disclosed an impressive array of small molecules targeting this signaling network at different levels. Here, we demonstrate that a dual PI3K/PDK1 inhibitor, NVP-BAG956, displayed the most powerful cytotoxic effects against T-ALL cell lines and primary patients samples, when compared with a pan class I PI3K inhibitor (GDC-0941), an allosteric Akt inhibitor (MK-2206), an mTORC1 allosteric inhibitor (RAD-001), or an ATP-competitive mTORC1/mTORC2 inhibitor (KU-63794). Moreover, we also document that combinations of some of the aforementioned drugs strongly synergized against T-ALL cells at concentrations well below their respective IC50. This observation indicates that vertical inhibition at different levels of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR network could be considered as a future innovative strategy for treating T-ALL patients. © Bressanin et al.


Simioni C.,University of Ferrara | Neri L.M.,University of Ferrara | Tabellini G.,University of Brescia | Ricci F.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | And 12 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2012

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive neoplastic disorDer arising from T-cell progenitors. T-ALL accounts for 15% of newly diagnosed ALL cases in children and 25% in adults. Although the prognosis of T-ALL has improved, due to the use of polychemotherapy schemes, the outcome of relapsed/chemoresistant T-ALL cases is still poor. A signaling pathway that is frequently upregulated in T-ALL, is the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/mTOR network. To explore whether Akt could represent a target for therapeutic intervention in T-ALL, we evaluated the effects of the novel allosteric Akt inhibitor, MK-2206, on a panel of human T-ALL cell lines and primary cells from T-ALL patients. MK-2206 decreased T-ALL cell line viability by blocking leukemic cells in the G 0 /G 1 phase of the cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. MK-2206 also induced autophagy, as demonstrated by an increase in the 14-kDa form of LC3A/B. Western blotting analysis documented a concentration-dependent dephosphorylation of Akt and its downstream targets, GSK-3α/β and FOXO3A, in response to MK-2206. MK-2206 was cytotoxic to primary T-ALL cells and induced apoptosis in a T-ALL patient cell subset (CD34 /CD4 /CD7 ), which is enriched in leukemia-initiating cells. Taken together, our findings indicate that Akt inhibition may represent a potential therapeutic strategy in T-ALL. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


Iacono E.,University of Bologna | Brunori L.,University of Bologna | Pirrone A.,University of Bologna | Pagliaro P.P.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | And 3 more authors.
Reproduction | Year: 2012

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been derived from multiple sources of the horse including umbilical cord blood (UCB) and amnion. This work aimed to identify and characterize stem cells from equine amniotic fluid (AF), CB and Wharton's Jelly (WJ). Samples were obtained from 13 mares at labour. AF and CB cells were isolated by centrifugation, while WJ was prepared by incubating with an enzymatic solution for 2 h. All cell lines were cultured in DMEM/TCM199 plus fetal bovine serum. Fibroblast-like cells were observed in 7/10 (70%) AF, 6/8 (75%) CB and 8/12 (66.7%) WJ samples. Statistically significant differences were found between cell-doubling times (DTs): cells isolated from WJ expanded more rapidly (2.0±0.6 days) than those isolated from CB (2.6±1.3 days) and AF (2.3±1.0 days) (P<0.05). Positive von Kossa and Alizarin Red S staining confirmed osteogenesis. Alcian Blue staining of matrix glycosaminoglycans illustrated chondrogenesis and positive Oil Red O lipid droplets staining suggested adipogenesis. All cell lines isolated were positive for CD90, CD44, CD105; and negative for CD34, CD14 and CD45. These findings suggest that equine MSCs from AF, UCB and WJ appeared to be a readily obtainable and highly proliferative cell lines from a uninvasive source that may represent a good model system for stem cell biology and cellular therapy applications in horses. However, to assess their use as an allogenic cell source, further studies are needed for evaluating the expression of markers related to cell immunogenicity. © 2012 Society for Reproduction and Fertility.


Evangelisti C.,University of Bologna | Ricci F.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Tazzari P.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Tabellini G.,University of Brescia | And 11 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2011

The mammalian Target Of Rapamycin (mTOR) serine/threonine kinase belongs to two multi-protein complexes, referred to as mTORC1 and mTORC2. mTOR-generated signals have critical roles in leukemic cell biology by controlling mRNA translation of genes that promote proliferation and survival. However, allosteric inhibition of mTORC1 by rapamycin has only modest effects in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Recently, ATP-competitive inhibitors specific for the mTOR kinase active site have been developed. In this study, we have explored the therapeutic potential of active-site mTOR inhibitors against both T-ALL cell lines and primary samples from T-ALL patients displaying activation of mTORC1 and mTORC2. The inhibitors affected T-ALL cell viability by inducing cell-cycle arrest in G 0 /G 1 phase, apoptosis and autophagy. Western blot analysis demonstrated a Ser 473 Akt dephosphorylation (indicative of mTORC2 inhibition) and a dephosphorylation of mTORC1 downstream targets. Unlike rapamycin, we found a marked inhibition of mRNA translation in T-ALL cell lines treated with active-site mTOR inhibitors. The inhibitors strongly synergized with both vincristine and the Bcl-2 inhibitor, ABT-263. Remarkably, the drugs targeted a putative leukemia-initiating cell sub-population (CD34 /CD7 /CD4 ) in patient samples. In conclusion, the inhibitors displayed remarkable anti-leukemic activity, which emphasizes their future development as clinical candidates for therapy in T-ALL. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.


Pasi A.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | Bozzini S.,University of Pavia | Carlo-Stella N.,University of Pavia | Martinetti M.,Immunohaematology and Transfusion Center | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2011

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology. Researchers have proposed infectious, neurological and immunological causes of this syndrome. Recently, the xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus was detected in 67% of patients with CFS in a US study. This observation is in agreement with one ascertained aspect of the disease: a decreased efficiency in NK cell lytic activity in CFS patients. Here, we analyzed the genomic polymorphism of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and their HLA class I cognate ligands in patients with certified CFS. An excess of KIR3DS1 was found in CFS patients with respect to controls, as well as an increased frequency of the genotype missing KIR2DS5. Forty-four CFS patients and 50 controls also underwent genomic typing for the HLA-ligands. In the patients, a great proportion of KIR3DL1 and KIR3DS1 receptors were found to be missing their HLA-Bw4 Ile80 binding motif. We hypothesize that an excess of KIR3DS1, combined with an excess of ligand-free KIR3DL1 and KIR3DS1 receptors, may hamper the clearance of a pathogen via NK cells, thus favouring the chronicity of the infection.

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