Wang S.-X.,Immunogenetics Laboratory |
Xu Y.-P.,Immunogenetics Laboratory
HLA | Year: 2017
KIR3DS1*078 allele differs from the closest allele KIR3DS1*01301 at nucleotide 775G>C in exon 5. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Jackson A.M.,Immunogenetics Laboratory |
Melancon J.K.,Georgetown University
Transplantation | Year: 2011
Background: ABO and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alloantibodies provide major immunologic barriers to successful transplantation; however, there is increasing recognition for the role of anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECAs) in allograft rejection. We investigated the relationship between AECAs identified using donor-derived endothelial cell precursors (ECPs) and kidney allograft rejection and function. Methods: Sixty live donor kidney recipients were tested pretransplant for AECAs and HLA-antibodies using flow cytometric crossmatch tests and solid-phase bead immunoassays. Renal allograft function was assessed by serum creatinine (SCr) values collected at early (mean, 50 days) and late (mean, 815 days) time points posttransplant and by incidence and type of rejection. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) subtype determination of both AECAs and HLA antibodies bound to ECPs was performed using flow cytometry. Results: Fourteen patients (23%) tested positive for donor-reactive IgG AECAs and had statistically higher SCr values and incidences of cellular rejection early posttransplant compared with 46 patients who tested negative (P=0.014 and P<0.05). SCr values were not statistically different late posttransplant. IgG subclass determination showed AECAs to be enriched for IgG2 and IgG4, subclasses that do not activate complement effectively. Detection of donor-reactive immunoglobulin M (IgM) AECAs did not correlate with increased SCr or incidence of rejection. CONCLUSION.: Crossmatch tests performed using donor-derived ECPs allow for the identification of alloantibodies that are associated with cellular rejection and are distinct from alloantibodies detected using lymphocytes. © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
PubMed | Immunogenetics Laboratory, São Paulo State University and Center for the Investigation of Microorganisms
Type: | Journal: Cytokine | Year: 2016
The aim of this study was to investigate the plasma levels of the CCL3 and CCL4 chemokines in patients with the cardiac and digestive clinical forms of chronic Chagas disease and in cardiac patients with and without left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). Plasma samples from 75 patients were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to confirm infection by T. cruzi. Plasma levels of the CCL3 and CCL4 chemokines were measured using Milliplex MAP assay (Millipore). There were no significant differences in the levels of CCL3 and CCL4 between patients with the digestive and cardiac clinical forms of Chagas disease. Moreover, no significant differences were found between patients without LVSD and those with LVSD. Higher CCL3 and CCL4 plasma levels were found in patients with LVSD compared to those with the digestive form of the disease. The CCL3 and CCL4 chemokines might not be involved in differential susceptibility to the digestive and cardiac clinical forms of chronic Chagas disease, and it seems they do not influence the development of LVSD.
PubMed | Immunogenetics Laboratory
Type: | Journal: Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases | Year: 2016
Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, can affect the heart, esophagus and colon. The reasons that some patients develop different clinical forms or remain asymptomatic are unclear. It is believed that tissue immunogenetic markers influence the tropism of T. cruzi for different organs. ABO, Secretor and Lewis histo-blood group systems express a variety of tissue carbohydrate antigens that influence the susceptibility or resistance to diseases. This study aimed to examine the association of ABO, secretor and Lewis histo-blood systems with the clinical forms of Chagas disease. We enrolled 339 consecutive adult patients with chronic Chagas disease regardless of gender (cardiomyopathy: n=154; megaesophagus: n=119; megacolon: n=66). The control group was composed by 488 healthy blood donors. IgG anti-T. cruzi antibodies were detected by ELISA. ABO and Lewis phenotypes were defined by standard hemagglutination tests. Secretor (FUT2) and Lewis (FUT3) genotypes, determined by Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), were used to infer the correct histo-blood group antigens expressed in the gastrointestinal tract. The proportions between groups were compared using the 2 test with Yates correction and Fishers exact test and the Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) were calculated. An alpha error of 5% was considered significant with p-values <0.05 being corrected for multiple comparisons (pc). No statistically significant differences were found for the ABO (X
Di Cristofaro J.,Aix - Marseille University |
Reynaud-Gaubert M.,Aix - Marseille University |
Carlini F.,Aix - Marseille University |
Roubertoux P.,Aix - Marseille University |
And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Transplantation | Year: 2015
Lung transplantation (LTx) is a valid therapeutic option for selected patients with end-stage lung disease. Soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) has been associated with increased graft survival and decreased rejection episodes in solid organ transplantation. HLA-G haplotypes named UTRs, defined by SNPs from both the 5′URR and 3′UTR, have been reported to reliably predict sHLA-G level. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the impact of HLA-G alleles and UTR polymorphism from LTx recipients on anti-HLA allo-immunization risk, overall survival and chronic rejection (CLAD). HLA-G SNPs were genotyped in 124 recipients who underwent LTx from 1996 to 2010 in Marseille, 123 healthy individuals and 26 cystic fibrosis patients not requiring LTx. sHLA-G levels were measured for 38 LTx patients at D0, M3 and M12 and for 123 healthy donors. HLA-G∗01:06∼UTR2 was associated with a worse evolution of cystic fibrosis (p=0.005) but not of long-term survival post-LTx. HLA-G∗01:04∼UTR3 haplotype was associated with lower levels of sHLA-G at D0 and M3 (p=0.03), impaired long-term survival (p=0.001), increased CLAD occurrence (p=0.03) and the production of de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSA) at M3 (p=0.01). This study is the first to show the deleterious association of different HLA-G alleles and UTRs in LTx. Focusing on HLA-G genotype and dosage in patients after lung tr ansplantation, this study finds that a specific HLA-G genotype is correlated with a lower survival rate and a h igher frequency of chronic rejection. © Copyright 2015 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.
PubMed | Service de Pneumologie, Aix - Marseille University, Service de Chirurgie Thoracique and Immunogenetics Laboratory
Type: | Journal: Journal of immunology research | Year: 2016
Lung transplantation (LTx) is a valid therapeutic option for selected patients with end-stage lung disease. HLA-E seems to play a major role in the immune response to different viral infections and to affect transplantation outcome, in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, for example. Two nonsynonymous alleles, HLA-E()01:01 and HLA-E()01:03, have functional differences, involving relative peptide affinity, cell surface expression, and potential lytic activity of NK cells. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the impact of these two alleles for LTx recipients on anti-HLA alloimmunization risk, overall survival, and chronic rejection (CLAD). HLA-E was genotyped in 119 recipients who underwent LTx from 1998 to 2010 in a single transplantation center. In univariate analysis, both HLA-E homozygous states were associated with impaired overall survival compared to heterozygous HLA-E alleles (p = 0.01). In multivariate analysis, HLA-E()01:03 allele showed increased CLAD occurrence when compared to homozygous HLA-E()01:01 status (HR: 3.563 (CI 95%, 1.016-12), p = 0.047). HLA-E allele did not affect pathogen infection or the production of de novo DSA. This retrospective study shows an uninvestigated, deleterious association of HLA-E alleles with LTx and requires verification using a larger cohort.
Cecka J.M.,University of California at Los Angeles |
Kucheryavaya A.Y.,United Network for Organ Sharing |
Reinsmoen N.L.,Cedars Sinai Comprehensive Transplant Center |
Leffell M.S.,Immunogenetics Laboratory
American Journal of Transplantation | Year: 2011
The calculated panel reactive antibody (CPRA), which is based upon unacceptable HLA antigens listed on the waitlist form for renal transplant candidates, replaced PRA as the measure of sensitization among US renal transplant candidates on October 1, 2009. An analysis of the impact of this change 6 months after its implementation shows an 83% reduction in the number of kidney offers declined nationwide because of a positive crossmatch. The increasing acceptance and utilization of unacceptable HLA antigens to avoid offers of predictably crossmatch-positive donor kidneys has increased the efficiency of kidney allocation, resulting in a significant increase in the percentage of transplants to broadly sensitized (80+% PRA/CPRA) patients from 7.3% during the period 07/01/2001-6/30/2002 to 15.8% of transplants between 10/1/09-3/31/10. The transplant rates per 1000 active patient-years on the waitlist also increased significantly for broadly sensitized patients after October 1, 2009. These preliminary results suggest that 'virtual' positive crossmatch prediction based on contemporary tools for identifying antibodies directed against HLA antigens is effective, increases allocation efficiency and improves access to transplants for sensitized patients awaiting kidney transplantation. © 2010 The Authors.
PubMed | Immunogenetics Laboratory, Hospital Of Base Da Fundacao Faculdade Regional Of Medicina Hb Funfarme and Instituto Adolfo Lutz IAL
Type: | Journal: BMC research notes | Year: 2015
Toxoplasmosis was recently included as a neglected disease by the Center for Disease Control. Ocular toxoplasmosis is one clinical presentation of congenital or acquired infection. The laboratory diagnosis is being used worldwide to support the clinical diagnosis and imaging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of serology and molecular methods to monitor acute OT in immunocompetent patients during treatment.Five immunocompetent patients were clinically diagnosed with acute OT. The clinical evaluation was performed by ophthalmologic examination using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study, best-corrected visual acuity, slit lamp biomicroscopy, fundoscopic examination with indirect binocular ophthalmoscopy color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography and spectral optical coherence tomography (OCT). Serology were performed by ELISA (IgA, IgM, IgG) and confirmed by ELFA (IgG, IgM). Molecular diagnoses were performed in peripheral blood by cPCR using the Toxoplasma gondii B1 gene as the marker. Follow-up exams were performed on day +15 and day +45.Only five non-immunocompromised male patients completed the follow up and their data were used for analysis. The mean age was 41.2 11.3 years (median: 35; range 31-54 years). All of them were positive for IgG antibodies but with different profiles for IgM and IgA, as well as PCR. For all patients the OCT exam showed active lesions with the inner retinal layers being abnormally hyper-reflective with full-thickness disorganization of the retinal reflective layers, which assumed a blurred reflective appearance and the retina was thickened.The presence of IgA and IgM confirmed the acute infection and thus was in agreement with the clinical evaluation. Our results show the adopted treatment modified the serological profile of IgM antibodies and the PCR results, but not the IgG and IgA antibodies and that imaging is a good tool to follow-up patients.
Ferreira A.I.C.,Immunogenetics Laboratory |
De Mattos C.C.B.,Immunogenetics Laboratory |
Frederico F.B.,Fundacao Faculdade Regional Of Medicina Hospital Of Base Hb Funfarme |
Meira C.S.,Instituto Adolfo Lutz |
And 5 more authors.
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2014
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) in patients who received medical attention at a public health service. Three hundred and forty-nine consecutive patients, treated in the Outpatient Eye Clinic of Hospital de Base, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo state, Brazil, were enrolled in this study. After an eye examination, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies. The results showed that 25·5% of the patients were seronegative and 74·5% were seropositive for IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies; of these 27·3% had OT and 72·7% had other ocular diseases (OOD). The presence of cats or dogs [odds ratio (OR) 2·22, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·24-3·98, P = 0·009] and consumption of raw or undercooked meat (OR 1·77, 95% CI 1·05-2·98, P = 0·03) were associated with infection but not with the development of OT. Age (OT 48·2 ± 21·2 years vs. OOD: 69·5 ± 14·7 years, P < 0·0001) and the low level of schooling/literacy (OT vs. OOD: OR 0·414, 95% CI 0·2231-0·7692, P = 0·007) were associated with OT. The presence of dogs and cats as well as eating raw/undercooked meat increases the risk of infection, but is not associated with the development of OT. © Cambridge University Press 2013.
PubMed | Immunogenetics Laboratory, Hospital Of Base Of Sao Jose Do Rio Preto and FAMERP Toxoplasma Research Group
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the genes encoding the KIR receptors and their HLA ligands in the susceptibility of ocular toxoplasmosis. A total of 297 patients serologically-diagnosed with toxoplasmosis were selected and stratified according to the presence (n=148) or absence (n=149) of ocular scars/lesions due to toxoplasmosis. The group of patients with scars/lesions was further subdivided into two groups according to the type of ocular manifestation observed: primary (n=120) or recurrent (n=28). Genotyping was performed by PCR-SSOP. Statistical analyses were conducted using the Chi-square test, and odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval was also calculated to evaluate the risk association. The activating KIR3DS1 gene was associated with increased susceptibility for ocular toxoplasmosis. The activating KIR together with their HLA ligands (KIR3DS1-Bw4-80Ile and KIR2DS1