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King of Prussia, PA, United States

Immaculata University is a private, co-educational, Roman Catholic university founded by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and located in Malvern, Pennsylvania, about 20 miles west of Philadelphia. The university is affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church through the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.The university is composed of 1,100 traditional undergraduate students, more than 2,200 adult undergraduate students, and more than 1,200 graduate and doctoral students. The university is located on 375 acres . Wikipedia.

Foster G.D.,Temple University | Shantz K.L.,Temple University | Vander Veur S.S.,Temple University | Oliver T.L.,Temple University | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Background: Increased consumption of nuts has been advocated because of their health benefits, but the role of nuts in the treatment of obesity is unclear given their high energy density. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a hypocaloric, almond-enriched diet (AED) compared with a hypocaloric nut-free diet (NFD) on body weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the context of an 18-mo behavioral weight-management program. Design: Overweight and obese individuals [n = 123; age = 46.8 y, BMI (in kg/m2) = 34.0] were randomly assigned to consume an AED or NFD and instructed in traditional behavioral methods of weight control. Anthropometric and metabolic measurements were made at baseline, 6 mo, and 18 mo. Results: Those in the AED group lost slightly but significantly less weight than did those in the NFD group at 6 mo (-5.5 compared with -7.4 kg; P = 0.04), but there were no differences at 18 mo. No significant differences in body composition were found between the groups at 6 or 18 mo. The AED, compared with the NFD, was associated with greater reductions in total cholesterol (P = 0.03), total:HDL cholesterol (P = 0.02), and triglycerides (P = 0.048) at 6 mo, and no differences were observed between the groups at 18 mo. Conclusions: The AED and NFD groups experienced clinically significant and comparable weight loss at 18 mo. Despite smaller weight loss in the AED group at 6 mo, the AED group experienced greater improvements in lipid profiles. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials. gov as NCT00194428. © 2012 American Society for Nutrition. Source

Irani F.,University of Pennsylvania | Irani F.,Immaculata University | Seligman S.,University of Pennsylvania | Kamath V.,University of Pennsylvania | And 3 more authors.
Schizophrenia Research

Introduction: Emotion perception (EP) is impaired in schizophrenia, is stable across clinical state, resistant to antipsychotic treatment and linked to symptom severity. Given its pervasive nature, there is a need to quantitatively examine whether this dysfunction impacts functional outcomes. We used a meta-analytic strategy to combine results from several studies and examine synthesized effect sizes. Methods: A Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology standard was used to extract data following a PubMed and PsychInfo search. Studies reporting correlations between measures of EP and functional outcomes in schizophrenia spectrum disorders were selected. The impact of potential methodological (task type), demographic (sex, age, race, education, marital status) and clinical (age of onset, duration of illness, setting, symptoms, anti-psychotic medication) moderators on effect sizes were examined. Results: Twenty-five studies met inclusion criteria and included 1306 patients who were 37. years old, with 12. years of education, 64% male and 63% Caucasian. There was a significant relationship between EP and functional outcomes in individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, with effect sizes in the medium range. Medium to large range positive correlations were observed between emotion identification and functional outcome domains involving social problem solving, social skills and community functioning. Significant moderators included task type (emotion identification tasks), sex (% male in sample), race (% Caucasian in sample) and clinical symptoms (negative and positive). Conclusions: Emotion identification deficits are associated with functional impairments in schizophrenia and moderated by sex, race and symptoms. This has implications for treatment efforts to improve outcomes. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Etzrodt C.M.,Immaculata University
American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Historically, therapeutic hypnosis has been met with skepticism within some fields, although acceptance has expanded in recent decades. Development and application of ethical standards and principles has contributed to increased acceptance of hypnosis with children. The Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association (APA, 2002) and the Code of Conduct of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis (ASCH, 2000) serve as guides to ethical considerations when treating children. From a developmental and practical perspective, children have limited decision-making capacities, therefore special attention should be paid to their rights and welfare. Important ethical considerations relevant to children and hypnosis have emerged, including competence, supervision, informed consent, confidentiality, and boundaries. Considerations are reviewed from a normal and abnormal child development perspective. © 2013 Copyright American Society of Clinical Hypnosis. Source

Niemoczynski L.,Immaculata University
Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture

Theological perspective upon the relationship between deity and creature may not be as radically open to a full range of possible value as has once been thought. If one is seeking a capacious view of deity, creatures, and nature, I contend that not only should one account for continuity, wholeness, healing, salvation, warmth, benevolence, and joy in one's religious metaphysics, but also for discontinuity, difference, diremption, rupture, trauma, tragedy, melancholy, coldness, and the more somber tones of the divine life. My exploration of this darker side of religious naturalism, a 'bleak theology' or 'speculative naturalism', as I am calling it, begins by articulating its opposite in the axiologically positive evaluation of nature and deity found within the mainstream of American religious naturalism. I then offer some speculative theses from the bleak or speculative naturalist perspective and argue why this darker side of religious naturalism ought to be accounted for. © Equinox Publishing Ltd 2014. Source

Drazenovic J.,Temple University | Wang H.,Temple University | Roth K.,Temple University | Zhang J.,Immaculata University | And 4 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes

Nano-differential scanning calorimetry (nano-DSC) is a powerful tool in the investigation of unilamellar (small unilamellar, SUVs, or large unilamellar, LUVs) vesicles, as well as lipids on supported bilayers, since it measures the main gel-to-liquid phase transition temperature (Tm), enthalpies and entropies. In order to assign these transitions in single component systems, where Tm often occurred as a doublet, nano-DSC, dynamic light scattering and cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) data were compared. The two Tms were not attributable to decoupled phase transitions between the two leaflets of the bilayer, i.e. nano-DSC measurements were not able to distinguish between the outer and inner leaflets of the vesicle bilayers. Instead, the two Tms were attributed to mixtures of oligolamellar and unilamellar vesicles, as confirmed by cryo-TEM images. Tm for the oligolamellar vesicles was assigned to the peak closest to that of the parent multilamellar vesicle (MLV) peak. The other transition was higher than that of the parent MLVs for 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), and increased in temperature as the vesicle size decreased, while it was lower in temperature than that of the parent MLVs for 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), and decreased as the vesicle size decreased. These subtle shifts arose due to small differences in the values of ΔH and ΔS, since Tm is determined by their ratio (ΔH/ΔS). It was not possible to completely eliminate oligolamellar structures for MLVs extruded with the 200 nm pore size filter, even after 120 passes, while these structures were eliminated for MLVs extruded through the 50 nm pore size filter. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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