Campbell, CA, United States
Campbell, CA, United States

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Petitgas P.,French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea | Secor D.H.,UMCES | McQuinn I.,iML Inc | Huse G.,IMR | Lo N.,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2010

Experience has established that the recovery of many collapsed stocks takes much longer than predicted by traditional fishery population models. We put forward the hypothesis that stock collapse is associated with disruption of the biological mechanisms that sustain life-cycle closure of intrapopulation contingents. Based on a review of case studies of nine marine fish stocks, we argue that stock collapses not only involve biomass loss, but also the loss of structural elements related to life-cycle diversity (contingents), as well as the breakdown of socially transmitted traditions (through a curtailed age range). Behavioural mechanisms associated with these structural elements could facilitate recovery of depleted populations. Migratory behaviour is argued to relate to phenotypic plasticity and the persistence of migration routes to social interactions. The case studies represent collapsed or depleted populations that recovered after a relatively short period (striped bass, capelin), after more than a decade (herring and sardine), or not at all (anchovy, cod). Contrasting the population dynamics from these stocks leads us to make a distinction between a depleted and a collapsed population, where, in addition to biomass depletion, the latter includes damage to contingent structure or space-use pattern. We also propose a mechanism to explain how lost habitats are recolonized. © 2010 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Published by Oxford Journals. All rights reserved.


One of the most difficult tasks in forensic pathology is deciding the origin and the cause of death after the autopsy when those issues are unclear or debatable. A technically perfect autopsy is a necessary but not a sufficient condition to adequately fulfil this decision. The present paper clearly defines the concepts of cause and mechanism of death, natural and violent death. We review many aspects related to the diagnosis of the origin and cause of death, especially the current approach of the value of autopsy in the diagnosis, the interaction between trauma and disease, the doctrine of causation, the use of ICD- 10, the so-called manner of death, the psychological autopsy, the negative autopsy and the origin of death from therapeutic complication, and so on., all of which are illustrated with relevant examples. We also discuss the limited role of the forensic pathologist in Spain in determining the so-called manner of death. The conclusions include(s) a list of recommendations for the best performance of this work, including the abandonment of the so-called unacceptable causes of death -as cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary arrest or brain death, and so onand whenever possible the adoption of the classification of ICD-10 and the standard paragraph in which the cause of death is informed (part I and II), as proposed by the WHO international certificate of death. These conclusions intend to be a brief guide to provide a fair judicial outcome and enhance the forensic pathologist's credibility.


Fernandez D.S.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino Delegacion Tucuman | Fernandez D.S.,iML Inc | Lutz M.A.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino Delegacion Tucuman
Engineering Geology | Year: 2010

Recently, the cities of Yerba Buena and Tucuman in Tucumán Province, Argentina, have been affected by several storm flood events, causing hundreds of people to be evacuated from their homes. Heavy intensity rainfall, new housing developments covering previously permeable grounds, and old drainage systems are the main causes for this situation. This paper presents a simple approach of urban flood hazard assessment in a region where primary data are scarce. The objectives of this study are to develop a GIS-aided urban flood hazard zoning of the two cities applying multicriteria decision analysis and to evaluate it by means of uncertainty and sensitivity analysis. The research methodology focused on the analysis of those variables that control the water routing when high peak flows exceed the drainage-system capacity. The model incorporates five parameters: distance to the drainage channels, topography (heights and slopes), ground water table depths, and urban land use. A final hazard map for each category is obtained using an algorithm that combines factors in weighted linear combinations. The urban flood hazard map shows that the southeast part of San Miguel de Tucumán has the highest flood hazard over an extended area as a consequence of the conjunction of lowlands with slopes under 0.6% and the presence of urban stream channels with poor maintenance plan. In this area, several neighbourhoods have been flooded. The model was evaluated by the error propagation method and global sensitivity analysis to assess the uncertainty and the relative importance of model input factors. Finally, the influence of criterion weights are analyzed ranging from 25% to 75% of their original values showing a robust behaviour. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Naldi A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Remy E.,iML Inc | Thieffry D.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Thieffry D.,French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation | And 2 more authors.
Theoretical Computer Science | Year: 2011

To cope with the increasing complexity of regulatory networks, we define a reduction method for multi-valued logical models. Starting with a detailed model, we use decision diagrams to compute reduced models by iteratively "removing" regulatory components. To keep a consistent dynamical behaviour, the logical rules associated with the targets of each removed node are actualised to account for the (indirect) effects of its regulators. This construction of reduced models preserves crucial dynamical properties of the original model, including stable states and more complex attractors. In this respect, the relationship between the attractor configuration of the original model and those of reduced models is formally established. We further analyse the issue of attractor reachability. Finally, we illustrate the flexibility and efficiency of the proposed reduction method by its application to a multi-valued model of the fly segment polarity network, which is involved in the control of segmentation during early embryogenesis. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Trademark
iML Inc | Date: 2011-05-07

Manually operated drilling instruments and drills for testing construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood. apparatus and instruments for testing materials, namely. manual and electronic analyzers and manual and electronic testing instruments for testing of construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood; pulse time delay measuring apparatus and pulse time delay testing apparatus for testing construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood; pulse time delay measuring apparatus and pulse time delay testing apparatus comprising a drill. training services in the field of testing of materials in the fields of agriculture and forestry, namely, drill resistance measurements on construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood, pulse time delay measurements on construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood and combined drill resistance and pulse time delay measurements on construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood; training services in the field of training personnel to analyze and validate test results obtained by drill resistance measurements on construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood, pulse time delay measurements on construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood and combined drill resistance and pulse time delay measurements on construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood. services in the fields of agriculture and forestry, namely, testing construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood by taking drill resistance measurements, pulse time delay measurements and combined drill resistance and pulse time delay measurements.


PubMed | Aix - Marseille University, iML Inc and University Paris Diderot
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of the rheumatic diseases | Year: 2016

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the spine and pelvis of young adults. On the HLA-B27 genetic background, the occurrence of AS is influenced by the intestinal microbiota. The goal of our study was to test whether breast feeding, which influences microbiota, can prevent the development of AS.First, 203 patients with HLA-B27-positive AS fulfilling the modified New York criteria were recruited in the Department of Rheumatology, Ste Marguerite hospital in Marseilles. A total of 293 healthy siblings were also recruited to make up a control group within the same families. Second, 280 healthy controls, and 100 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and their siblings were recruited. The data collected were age, gender, number of brothers and sisters, age at disease onset, type and duration of feeding (breast or bottle).Patients with AS had been breast fed less often than healthy controls. In families where children were breast fed, the patients with AS were less often breast fed than their healthy siblings (57% vs 72%), giving an OR for AS onset of 0.53 (95% CI (0.36 to 0.77), p value=0.0009). Breast feeding reduced familial prevalence of AS. The frequency of breast feeding was similar in the AS siblings and in the 280 unrelated controls. However, patients with AS were less often breast fed compared with the 280 unrelated controls (OR 0.6, 95% CI (0.42 to 0.89), p<0.01).Our study suggests a breastfeeding-induced protective effect on the occurrence of AS. To our knowledge, this is the first study of breastfeeding history in patients with AS.


Trademark
iML Inc | Date: 2014-11-18

Computer chips; Circuit boards; Integrated Circuits; Semiconductors; Electrical circuits, namely Electrical Circuit Boards; Power Converter Circuits; Semiconductor chips; Semiconductor Devices; Microprocessor Chips; Wafers, namely Silicon Wafers; Structured Semiconductor Wafers.


An LED lighting device includes multiple luminescent devices driven by a rectified AC voltage. The multiple luminescent devices are turned on flexibly in a multi-stage driving scheme using multiple current controllers. The current settings of the two driving stages with the highest current level and the second highest current level are adjusted according to the variation in the rectified AC voltage V_(AC )or according to the variation in the duty cycle of the luminance device due to the variation in the rectified AC voltage. The present invention can improve the line/load regulation of the LED lighting device when the rectified AC voltage somehow fluctuates between its upper bound and lower bound.


Trademark
iML Inc | Date: 2012-11-06

Manually operated drilling instruments and drills for testing constructing materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood, said manually operated drilling instruments and drills included in this class. Apparatus and instruments for testing materials, namely, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood, analyzer, namely, density and hardness analyzer and hardness or resistance testing instruments. Providing of training in the fields of agriculture and forestry, namely, training of personnel to perform testing of materials, in particular testing of construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood, the afore-mentioned testing of materials including drill resistance measurements, pulse time delay measurements and performing combined drill resistance and pulse time delay measurement; training persons to analyze and validate test results obtained by the afore mentioned measurements. Testing of materials in the fields of agriculture and forestry, namely, testing of materials, in particular testing of construction materials, stone, concrete, wood, wooden materials and products made of wood, by carrying out drill resistance measurements, pulse time delay measurements and by performing combined drill resistance and pulse time delay measurements.


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