Imaging and Therapeutic Research Unit

Kansas City, MO, United States

Imaging and Therapeutic Research Unit

Kansas City, MO, United States
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Xu H.,Substance Abuse Research Laboratory | Das S.,Imaging and Therapeutic Research Unit | Das S.,University of Kansas | Sturgill M.,Rutgers University | And 5 more authors.
Psychopharmacology | Year: 2017

Rationale: The low self-administration (LS)/Kgras (LS) and high self-administration (HS)/Kgras (HS) rat lines were generated by selective breeding for low- and high-intravenous cocaine self-administration, respectively, from a common outbred Wistar stock (Crl:WI). This trait has remained stable after 13 generations of breeding. Objective: The objective of the present study is to compare cocaine preference, neurotransmitter release, and dopamine receptor activation in LS and HS rats. Methods: Levels of dopamine, acetylcholine, and cocaine were measured in the nucleus accumbens (NA) shell of HS and LS rats by tandem mass spectrometry of microdialysates. Cocaine-induced locomotor activity and conditioned-place preference were compared between LS and HS rats. Results: HS rats displayed greater conditioned-place preference scores compared to LS and reduced basal extracellular concentrations of dopamine and acetylcholine. However, patterns of neurotransmitter release did not differ between strains. Low-dose cocaine increased locomotor activity in LS rats, but not in HS animals, while high-dose cocaine augmented activity only in HS rats. Either dose of cocaine increased immunoreactivity for c-Fos in the NA shell of both strains, with greater elevations observed in HS rats. Activation identified by cells expressing both c-Fos and dopamine receptors was generally greater in the HS strain, with a similar pattern for both D1 and D2 dopamine receptors. Conclusions: Diminished levels of dopamine and acetylcholine in the NA shell, with enhanced cocaine-induced expression of D1 and D2 receptors, are associated with greater rewarding effects of cocaine in HS rats and an altered dose-effect relationship for cocaine-induced locomotor activity. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (outside the USA)


Das B.C.,University of Kansas | Das B.C.,Imaging and Therapeutic Research Unit | Das B.C.,Cornell University | Thapa P.,University of Kansas | And 17 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

Retinoids comprise a group of compounds each composed of three basic parts: a trimethylated cyclohexene ring that is a bulky hydrophobic group, a conjugated tetraene side chain that functions as a linker unit, and a polar carbon-oxygen functional group. Biochemical conversion of carotenoid or other retinoids to retinoic acid (RA) is essential for normal regulation of a wide range of biological processes including development, differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. Retinoids regulate various physiological outputs by binding to nuclear receptors called retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which themselves are DNA-binding transcriptional regulators. The functional response of RA and their receptors are modulated by a host of coactivators and corepressors. Retinoids are essential in the development and function of several organ systems; however, deregulated retinoid signaling can contribute to serious diseases. Several natural and synthetic retinoids are in clinical use or undergoing trials for treating specific diseases including cancer. In this review, we provide a broad overview on the importance of retinoids in development and various diseases, highlighting various retinoids in the drug discovery process, ranging all the way from retinoid chemistry to clinical uses and imaging. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Das B.C.,University of Kansas | Das B.C.,Imaging and Therapeutic Research Unit | Das B.C.,Cornell University | Mahalingam S.M.,University of Kansas | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Organometallic Chemistry | Year: 2015

A series of novel 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(4-substitutedstyrylphenyl)-1,3,2 dioxaborolane derivatives has been synthesized. 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaboratophenyl)-methyl triphenylphosphonium bromide (4) was treated with 3 equiv of tBuONa, various aldehydes in the presence of DMF, and stirred at room temperature 4-6 h to yield the corresponding boron containing stilbene derivatives 1a-n in 71-94% yields. A one-pot protocol transformation has also been developed and used this methodology to synthesize boron containing resveratrol analogues. Simple and clean reactions, high yield of the products are the salient features of this methodology. We used this reaction to synthesize the boron capped polyenes. These boron containing polyene systems are potential intermediate to synthesize conjugated polyene as new material for LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) technology. The biological testing of these compounds is currently underway to identify potential therapeutic for Neurodegenerative diseases. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

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