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Corbane C.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra | Saito K.,Cambridge Architectural Research Ltd. | Dell'Oro L.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR | Bjorgo E.,United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR | And 17 more authors.
Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing | Year: 2011

The paper provides an account of how three key relief organizations worked together after the devastating Haiti earthquake to produce the first damage assessment based mainly on the use of remotely-sensed imagery. This assessment was jointly conducted by the World Bank (WB), the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT), and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). This paper discusses the data sources used for the assessment, the methodologies employed to evaluate building damage, and a set of independent studies to validate the final damage results. Finally, a vision of the role of remote sensing technologies in future disasters is presented that serves as a road map for methodological improvements © 2011 American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Rossetto T.,University College London | D'Ayala D.,University College London | Gori F.,Rijekaprojekt Koning | Persio R.,Arup | And 12 more authors.
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering | Year: 2014

In November 2012 EEFIT launched its first ever return mission to an earthquake affected site. The L’Aquila Earthquake site was chosen as this is a recent European event of interest to the UK and European earthquake engineering community. The main aims of this return mission were to document the earthquake recovery process and this paper presents an overview of the post-disaster emergency phase and transition to reconstruction in the Aquila area after the earthquake. It takes an earthquake engineering perspective, highlighting areas mainly of interest to the fields of structural/seismic engineering and reconstruction management. Within the paper, reference is made to published literature, but also to data collected in the field during the return mission that would not otherwise have been available. The paper presents some specific observations and lessons learned from the L’Aquila return mission. However, in light of current international efforts in conducting return missions, the paper ends with some reflections on the value that return missions can provide to the field of earthquake engineering in general, based on the EEFIT L’Aquila experience. © The Author(s) 2014.

Ghosh S.,ImageCat Inc. | Huyck C.K.,ImageCat Inc. | Greene M.,Earthquake Engineering Research Institute | Gill S.P.,The World Bank | And 4 more authors.
Earthquake Spectra | Year: 2011

This paper provides an account of how the Global Earth Observation Catastrophe Assessment Network (GEO-CAN) was formed to facilitate a rapid damage assessment after the 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake. GEO-CAN emerged from the theory of crowdsourcing and remote sensing-based damage interpretation and represents a new paradigm in post-disaster damage assessment. The GEO-CAN community, working with the World Bank (WB), the United Nation Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) led the way for a rapid Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) utilizing remote-sensing based analysis as the primary source of information for building damage. The results of the GEO-CAN damage assessment were incorporated into the final PDNA framework developed by the WB-UNOSAT-JRC and adopted by the Haitian government. The GEO-CAN initiative provides valuable lessons on multi-agency collaboration, rapid and implementable damage assessment protocols under extreme situations for the disaster management profession, developmental organizations, and society. © 2011, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Rathfon D.,AECOM Technology Corporation | Davidson R.,University of Delaware | Bevington J.,ImageCat Ltd. | Vicini A.,ImageCat Ltd. | Hill A.,University of Memphis
Disasters | Year: 2013

Quantitative assessment of post-disaster housing recovery is critical to enhancing understanding of the process and improving the decisions that shape it. Nevertheless, few comprehensive empirical evaluations of post-disaster housing recovery have been conducted, and no standard measurement methods exist. This paper presents a quantitative assessment of housing recovery in Punta Gorda, Florida, United States, following Hurricane Charley of August 2004, including an overview of the phases of housing recovery, progression of recovery over time, alternative trajectories of recovery, differential recovery, incorporation of mitigation, and effect on property sales. The assessment is grounded in a conceptual framework that considers the recovery of both people and place, and that emphasises recovery as a process, not as an endpoint. Several data sources are integrated into the assessment-including building permits, remotely sensed imagery, and property appraiser data-and their strengths and limitations are discussed with a view to developing a standardised method for measuring and monitoring housing recovery. © 2013 The Author(s). Journal compilation © Overseas Development Institute, 2013.

Bevington J.S.,ImageCat Ltd. | Hill A.A.,University of Memphis | Davidson R.A.,University of Delaware | Chang S.E.,University of British Columbia | And 3 more authors.
Structures Congress 2011 - Proceedings of the 2011 Structures Congress | Year: 2011

The process of community recovery in the aftermath of a disaster is complex, long lasting, resource intensive, and poorly understood. Insights described here result from an ongoing project that aims to monitor, quantify, and evaluate the process of post-disaster recovery for two events, Hurricane Charley (2004, Charlotte County and Punta Gorda, Florida) and Hurricane Katrina (2005, Harrison County and Biloxi, Mississippi). A mixed-methods approach using statistical data, interviews, and remote sensing-derived data is applied in an effort to understand as well as monitor, measure and evaluate the recovery process and its outcomes. Observations associated with the post-disaster course of moving residents from temporary to transitional, and ultimately permanent housing serves as the focus for this paper. This work represents a discrete portion of a multi-sector project where Economic, Environmental, Housing/Infrastructure, and Social elements of community recovery are explored. Understanding community recovery can inform community resilience-building strategies. © ASCE 2011.

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