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Rotterdam, Netherlands

Renes S.H.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Van Geffen G.J.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Rettig H.C.,Ikazia Hospital | Gielen M.J.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Scheffer G.J.,Radboud University Nijmegen
Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

Background And Objectives: This study was performed to determine the minimum effective volume of ropivacaine 0.75% required to produce effective shoulder analgesia for an ultrasound (US)-guided block at the C7 root level with assessment of pulmonary function. Methods: Using the Dixon and Massey up-and-down method study design, 20 patients scheduled for elective open shoulder surgery under combined general anesthesia and continuous interscalene brachial plexus block were included. Initial volume of ropivacaine 0.75% was 6 mL; block success or failure determined a 1-mL decrease or increase for the subsequent patient, respectively. General anesthesia was standardized. A continuous infusion of ropivacaine 0.2% was started at a rate of 6 mL/hr at 2 hrs after completion of surgery. Ventilatory function was assessed using spirometry, and movement of the hemidiaphragm was assessed by US. Results: The minimum effective volume of local anesthetic in 50% and 95% of the patients was 2.9 mL (95% confidence interval, 2.4-3.5 mL) and 3.6 mL (95% confidence interval, 3.3-6.2 mL), respectively. Ventilatory function and hemidiaphragmatic movement was not reduced up to and including 2 hrs after completion of surgery, but 22 hrs after start of the continuous infusion of ropivacaine 0.2%, ventilatory function and hemidiaphragmatic movement were significantly reduced (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The minimum effective volume of local anesthetic for shoulder analgesia for a US-guided block at the C7 root level in 50% and 95% of the patients was 2.9 and 3.6 mL, respectively. Pulmonary function was unchanged until 2 hrs after completion surgery, but reduced 22 hrs after start of a continuous infusion of ropivacaine 0.2%. Copyright © 2010 by American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Source

Withagen M.I.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Milani A.L.,Reinier Of Graaf Group | De Leeuw J.W.,Ikazia Hospital | Vierhout M.E.,Radboud University Nijmegen
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Objective To compare the de novo prolapse rate in the untreated vaginal compartments following conventional vaginal prolapse repair and tension-free vaginal mesh repair. Design Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial. Setting Thirteen centres in the Netherlands. Population Women with recurrent pelvic organ prolapse stage II or higher. Methods Random assignment to either conventional vaginal native tissue repair or vaginal mesh insertion. Main outcome measures Primary outcome: de novo pelvic organ prolapse stage II or higher in the untreated vaginal compartments at 12 months after surgery. Secondary outcomes: de novo pelvic organ prolapse at and beyond the hymen, de novo prolapse beyond the hymen and prolapse domain scores of the Urogenital Distress Inventory. Results At 12 months ten of 59 women (17%) in the conventional group versus 29 of 62 women (47%) in the mesh group were diagnosed with a de novo pelvic organ prolapse stage II or higher in the untreated compartment (P < 0.001, odds ratio 4.3, 95% confidence interval 1.9-10.0). Additional apical support to a mesh-augmented anterior repair significantly reduced the de novo prolapse rate. Women with a de novo prolapse in the mesh-treated group demonstrated significantly higher mean bother scores on the domain genital prolapse of the Urogenital Distress Inventory score (13.1 ± 24.2) compared with those without de novo prolapse (2.9 ± 13.9) (P = 0.03). Conclusion Mesh-augmented prolapse repair in only one vaginal compartment is associated with a higher de novo prolapse rate in the untreated compartments compared with conventional vaginal native tissue repair in women with recurrent pelvic organ prolapse. © 2012 RCOG. Source

Vosmaer A.,Ikazia Hospital | Rodrigues Pereira R.,Maasstadziekenhuis | Koenderman J.S.,Leiden University | Rosendaal F.R.,Leiden University | Cannegieter S.C.,Leiden University
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A

Background: Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is a pediatric disorder characterized by osteonecrosis of the proximal femoral epiphysis. The etiology probably involves successive vascular occlusions, in which hypercoagulable disorders may play a role. We evaluated the etiologic role of thrombophilia in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease in a pediatric population. Methods: One hundred and sixty-nine consecutive patients who had been diagnosed with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease at two centers in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, when they were between 1.5 and 13.5 years of age were identified between 2000 and 2003. The study also included two control groups: 474 subjects (16.3 to 73.1 years of age) from a population-based case-control study on the etiology of venous thrombosis as well as thirty-eight children (1.8 to 18.8 years of age) who were treated for asthma at one of the centers. We determined levels of protein C, protein S, factor VIII, and fibrinogen and tested for the factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations. We calculated age and sex-adjusted odds ratios as measures of the relative risk of the development of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Results: The incidence of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease was increased in the presence of the factor V Leiden mutation (odds ratio, 3.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.6 to 6.7), in the presence of the prothrombin G20210A mutation (odds ratio, 2.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.0 to 6.3), in association with elevated levels of factor VIII (>150 IU/dL) (odds ratio, 7.5; 95% confidence interval, 2.2 to 25.2), and in association with protein S deficiency (<67 U/dL) (odds ratio, 2.8; 95% confidence interval, 0.7 to 10.8). Neither high levels of fibrinogen (>4.0 g/L) nor protein C deficiency (≤55 U/dL) had an apparent effect on the risk of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. (Odds ratios were adjusted for age and sex.) Overall, males had a 2.4 times higher risk of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease developing than did females. The effect of the factor V Leiden mutation, high levels of fibrinogen, and increasing levels of factor VIII was stronger in males than in females. The risk of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease increased with an increasing number of coagulation abnormalities in males but not in females. Conclusions: There appears to be a thrombotic component in the etiology of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Clinical Relevance: The findings of this study contribute to the understanding of the etiology of Legg-Calvé- Perthes disease and may thus have implications for its prevention or treatment. Copyright © 2010 by The Journal Of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated. Source

Meijer W.J.,University Utrecht | Van Noortwijk A.G.A.,Ikazia Hospital | Bruinse H.W.,University Utrecht | Wensing A.M.J.,University Utrecht
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

Background Influenza virus infection is very common and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in specific populations like pregnant women. Following the 2009 pandemic, several reports on the effects of influenza virus infection on maternal health and pregnancy outcome have been published. Also the safety and efficacy of antiviral treatment and vaccination of pregnant women have been studied. In this review, we have analyzed and summarized these data. Objective To provide information on the influence of influenza virus infection during pregnancy on maternal health and pregnancy outcome and on the effect of treatment and vaccination. Data sources We have searched Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library. We used influenza, influenz pregnancy and pregnan∗ as search terms. Study selection In total, 294 reports were reviewed and judged according to the STROBE guidelines or CONSORT statement. In all, 100 studies, published between 1961 and 2015, were included. Results Compared to the general population, pregnant women are more often hospitalized and admitted to an intensive care unit due to influenza virus infection. For hospitalized patients, increased rates of preterm birth and fetal/neonatal death are reported. Early treatment with oseltamivir is associated with a reduced risk of severe disease. Vaccination of pregnant women is safe and reduces maternal and neonatal morbidity. Conclusions There is level 2b evidence that maternal health and pregnancy outcome can be severely affected by influenza virus infection. Antiviral treatment may diminish these effects and vaccination protects pregnant women and neonates from infection (level of evidence 2b and 1b, respectively). © 2015 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Source

Simkens L.H.J.,University of Amsterdam | Van Tinteren H.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | May A.,University Utrecht | Ten Tije A.J.,Amphia Hospital | And 19 more authors.
The Lancet

Background The optimum duration of first-line treatment with chemotherapy in combination with bevacizumab in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer is unknown. The CAIRO3 study was designed to determine the efficacy of maintenance treatment with capecitabine plus bevacizumab versus observation. Methods In this open-label, phase 3, randomised controlled trial, we recruited patients in 64 hospitals in the Netherlands. We included patients older than 18 years with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer, with stable disease or better after induction treatment with six 3-weekly cycles of capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab (CAPOX-B), WHO performance status of 0 or 1, and adequate bone marrow, liver, and renal function. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to either maintenance treatment with capecitabine and bevacizumab (maintenance group) or observation (observation group). Randomisation was done centrally by minimisation, with stratification according to previous adjuvant chemotherapy, response to induction treatment, WHO performance status, serum lactate dehydrogenase concentration, and treatment centre. Both patients and investigators were aware of treatment assignment. We assessed disease status every 9 weeks. On first progression (defined as PFS1), patients in both groups were to receive the induction regimen of CAPOX-B until second progression (PFS2), which was the study's primary endpoint. All endpoints were calculated from the time of randomisation. Analyses were done by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00442637. Findings Between May 30, 2007, and Oct 15, 2012, we randomly assigned 558 patients to either the maintenance group (n=279) or the observation group (n=279). Median follow-up was 48 months (IQR 36-57). The primary endpoint of median PFS2 was significantly improved in patients on maintenance treatment, and was 8·5 months in the observation group and 11·7 months in the maintenance group (HR 0·67, 95% CI 0·56-0·81, p<0·0001). This difference remained significant when any treatment after PFS1 was considered. Maintenance treatment was well tolerated, although the incidence of hand-foot syndrome was increased (64 [23%] patients with hand-foot skin reaction during maintenance). The global quality of life did not deteriorate during maintenance treatment and was clinically not different between treatment groups. Interpretation Maintenance treatment with capecitabine plus bevacizumab after six cycles of CAPOX-B in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer is effective and does not compromise quality of life. Funding Dutch Colorectal Cancer Group (DCCG). The DCCG received financial support for the study from the Commissie Klinische Studies (CKS) of the Dutch Cancer Foundation (KWF), Roche, and Sanofi-Aventis. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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