Islam J.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Rahman Z.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
Telematics and Informatics | Year: 2017
The advent of interactive digital platforms has led people to progressively interact on such platforms, urging organizations to create online communities to engage customers with them and with each other to enhance brand loyalty. This study attempts to investigate what motivates customers to engage in these brand communities. Through a questionnaire survey of 430 Facebook users, this study investigates whether and how the unique characteristics (information quality, system quality, virtual interactivity, and rewards) of online brand communities affect customer engagement. The consequent effect of customer engagement on brand loyalty is also examined. This study frames and empirically validates a model for engaging customers with online brand communities on Facebook, considering the moderating role of gender. The Stimulus-Organism-Response paradigm is solicited to justify the theoretical background of this study. The data were analyzed using structure equation modelling. Results reveal that each of the characteristics positively influences customer engagement, with information quality and virtual interactivity bearing the strongest influence. Customer engagement also exhibits a strong positive impact on brand loyalty. This results further reveal that gender gap in the online environment is declining as the impact of all the four characteristics of online brand communities on customer engagement was invariable across male and female members. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
Katiyar R.S.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Jha P.K.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
Polymer (United Kingdom) | Year: 2017
We have performed fully atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of aqueous solutions of a weak, pH-responsive polyelectrolyte, polyacrylic acid (PAA). Model oligomers of PAA of different tacticities, molecular weights, degrees of deprotonation, and deprotonation patterns are simulated with water molecules. Deprotonation of PAA chains that occurs with an increase in pH results in an increase in Coulomb repulsion between chain segments on one hand, and a non-monotonic change in the hydrogen bonding between chain segments on the other hand. Consequently, at the single chain level, PAA chains are stretched at higher pH values, where the amount of stretching varies with chain tacticity. For the multiple chains case, PAA forms aggregates at higher concentrations, which are relatively denser and contain lesser water (solid-like) at lower pH than compared to higher pH (liquid-like). Such phase transitions of PAA aggregates with pH has possible implications in the design of pH-responsive polyelectrolytes for applications in drug delivery. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
Akkera H.S.,Functionalnanomaterials Research Laboratory |
Singh I.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Kaur D.,Functionalnanomaterials Research Laboratory
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2017
The influence of Cr substitution for In on the martensitic phase transformation and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) has been investigated in Ni-Mn-Cr-In ferromagnetic shape memory alloy (FSMA) thin films fabricated by magnetron sputtering. Temperature dependent magnetization (M-T) measurements demonstrated that the martensitic transformation temperatures (TM) monotonously increase with the increase of Cr content due to change in valence electron concentration (e/a) and cell volume. From the study of isothermal magnetization curves (M-H), magnetocaloric effect around the martensitic transformation has been investigated in these FSMA thin films. The magnetic entropy change ∆SM of 7.0 mJ/cm3-K was observed in Ni51.1Mn34.9In9.5Cr4.5 film at 302 K in an applied field of 2 T. Further, the refrigerant capacity (RC) was also calculated for all the films in an applied field of 2 T. These findings indicate that the Cr doped Ni-Mn-In FSMA thin films are potential candidates for room temperature micro-length-scale magnetic refrigeration applications. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Swain S.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Niyogi R.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2017
Due to the proliferate use of mobile devices, the Internet is now easily accessible and such ubiquitousness helps users by offering services anytime, anywhere. Typically, a complex user request is satisfied by composing several services. In pervasive systems the set of services may change as the context changes. In this paper, we model context-aware services composition problem as a planning problem. Some salient aspects of our approach are: (i) a user gives request in her native language, which is then compiled to a planning domain description language (PDDL) and (ii) the environment is monitored and a plan is generated according to the situation. We have implemented a context-aware education system to illustrate our approach. © 2017 ACM.
Dhakar K.,Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology |
Dvivedi A.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
Materials Today: Proceedings | Year: 2017
Near-dry electrical discharge machining (EDM) is an eco-friendly variant of conventional EDM. This article presents, an experimental investigation on near-dry EDM with high viscous liquid glycerin and air mixture as dielectric medium. In this study, face centered central composite design (CCD) had used to plan the experiments. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for proposing the mathematical model. The mathematical model was proposed to determine the significant effect of input parameters on response characteristic. In this investigation, input parameters used for experimentations were current, duty factor flushing pressure and lift. The response characteristic was measured in terms of material removal rate (MRR). Analysis of the results revealed that, all the input parameters were significant for MRR. It was observed that glycerin-air dielectric medium produced higher MRR than water-air dielectric medium at same parametric setting. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
Sharma G.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Dwivedi D.K.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
Materials Science and Engineering A | Year: 2017
In order to produce an acceptable diffusion bond in terms of quality and reliability, surface preparation becomes an indelible step in diffusion bonding process. Due to polishing requirement, surface preparation is a slow task which makes the whole process less productive. Therefore, in the present study ‘pre-friction treatment’ method is introduced with the main objective of reducing the surface preparation time so that the process can be more productive. Efforts have been made to investigate the feasibility of pre-friction treatment of structural steel samples for developing the diffusion bonds using impulse pressure assisted diffusion bonding. The fundamental principle of this approach is to remove the oxides and produce a deformed layer at the faying surfaces. The diffusion bonds were developed at bonding temperature 875 °C, 15 MPa maximum pulse pressure and 20–30 min bonding time. Bonds were characterized in respect of microstructural study by scanning electron microscopy, hardness distribution and tensile properties. The effect of bonding time on tensile strength and quality of the diffusion bonds were also articulated. It was observed that the ultimate tensile strength of the joint increases from 403.5 to 482.5 MPa with increase in bonding time from 20 to 30 min. Analysis of the fractured surface was also done using scanning electron microscope. The effect of post bond heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of the diffusion bonds was also investigated. The post bond heat treatment of the diffusion bonds resulted in fully recrystallized grains at the interface. © 2017
Thapliyal S.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Dwivedi D.K.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
Wear | Year: 2017
The cavitation erosion of friction stir processed (FSPed) cast nickel aluminium bronze has been investigated. The friction stir processing (FSP) was performed for different set of process parameter using design of experiment (DOE) approach. The effect of process parameters on the cavitation erosion was studied. The result suggested that increasing tool rotation (R) and tool shoulder (D) decreases the mass loss due to cavitation (mc). However, increasing the tool travel speed (S) increases the mass loss due to cavitation (mc). The properties of FSPed surface, including ultimate strength and corrosion resistance were also evaluated. These properties were correlated with the mass loss due to cavitation (mc). A good correlation of FSPed surface grain size and hardening capacity with mass loss due to cavitation (mc) was obtained. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the eroded surface, subsurface and corroded surface was performed. Cavitation behavior of FSPed surface has been discussed using mechanical properties and microstructure. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Saini D.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Kaushik B.K.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
RAECE 2015 - Conference Proceedings, National Conference on Recent Advances in Electronics and Computer Engineering | Year: 2015
Owing to the benefits of organic electronics, flexible, large area and low cost circuits can be easily implemented, however, these circuits are marred by low performance. The performance improvement of the organic devices requires serious efforts to make them practically viable. Dual gate transistors can be one of the solutions for improving the performance. This research paper focuses towards the performance analysis of Pentacene based unipolar dual gate organic thin film transistor (DG-OTFT). Encouragingly, the DG-OTFT enhances the mobility by 30% and the Ion/Ioff ratio by more than six times in comparison to the single gate OTFT. An inverter and a ring oscillator based on DG-OTFT are analyzed that demonstrate significantly improved performance. The operational frequency of 2.3 KHz is achieved for the unipolar ring oscillator using DG-OTFT. © 2015 IEEE.
Sharma S.K.,Center for Transportation Systems |
Kumar A.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
Procedia Engineering | Year: 2016
A rail wheel contact mechanism has been a keen interest area for railway engineers. The present study focuses on the influence of interacting wheel and rail profile topology. A standard rail UIC 60 and standard wheel profile, as per the standards of Indian railways, were taken for different rail profile radii, wheel profile radii and wheel profile tapers. The mathematical and numerical studies were done by using Quasi-Hertz and FE analysis to analyze the impact of the interacting wheel and rail profiles on the distribution of contact zones and stresses. Moreover, the effect of contact forces and contact stresses on the deformation of rolling wheels and rails were also evaluated. The effect of lateral movement in the evaluation of frictional forces was found using Kalker theory. © 2016 The Authors.
Aparna K.P.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand |
Jain A.K.,IIT RoorkeeUttarakhand
Indian Concrete Journal | Year: 2016
Performance evaluation of a multistoreyed building subjected to seismic loading involves estimating its ductility capacity and ductility demand and correlating with the damage levels. Nonlinear analysis, both static (Pushover) and dynamic (Time history), are used in the present study for evaluating the performance of a 10 storey RC frame. The extent of damage is quantified by evaluating the ductility demand imposed on the building by the site specific earthquake response spectra as well as the El Centro accelerogram of May 1940. The results show that the static pushover analysis methods give results close to those obtained by nonlinear dynamic analysis for the frame considered in the present work. The significance of providing ductile detailing based on IS 456 and IS 13920 codes to meet the demand ductility of frames in seismic zone V and II was evaluated through material quantity estimation against ordinarily designed frames confirming to IS 456 specifications.