Time filter

Source Type

Bhubaneshwar, India

Sinha N.,IIIT | Babu R.V.,Indian Institute of Science
Proceedings - International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP | Year: 2012

Automatic eye screening for conditions like diabetic retinopathy critically hinges on detection and localization of Optic disk (OD). In this paper, we present a novel scale-embedded dictionary-based method that poses the problem of OD localization as that of classification, carried out in sparse representation framework. A dictionary is created with manually marked fixed-sized sub-images that contain OD at the center, for multiple scales. For a given test image, all subimages are sparsely represented as a linear combination of OD dictionary elements. A confidence measure indicating the likelihood of the presence of OD is obtained from these coefficients. Red channel and gray intensity images are processed independently, and their respective confidence measures are fused to form a confidence map. A blob detector is run on the confidence map, whose peak response is considered to be at the location of the OD. The proposed method is evaluated on publicly available databases such as DIARETDB0, DIARETDB1 and DRIVE. The OD was correctly localized in 253 out of 259 images, with an average computation time of 3.8 seconds/image and accuracy of 97.6%. Comparisons with two existing techniques are also discussed. © 2012 IEEE.

The structure of an adaptive time varying linear filter largely depends on its tap-length and the delay units connected to it. The no of taps is one of the most important structural parameters of the liner adaptive filter. Determining the system order or length is not a trivial task. Fixing the tap-length at a fixed value sometimes results in unavoidable issues with the adaptive design like insufficient modeling and adaptation noise. On the other hand a dynamic tap-length adaptation algorithm automatically finds the optimum order of the adaptive filter to have a tradeoff between the convergence and steady state error. It is always difficult to get satisfactory performance in high noise environment employing an adaptive filter for any identification problem. High noise decreases the Signal to noise ratio and sometimes creates wandering issues. In this chapter an improved pseudo-fractional tap-length selection algorithm has been proposed and analyzed to find out the optimum tap-length which best balances the complexity and steady state performance specifically in high noise environment. A steady-state performance analysis has been presented to formulate the steady state tap-length in correspondence with the proposed algorithm. Simulations and results are provided to observe the analysis and to make a comparison with the existing tap-length learning methods. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.

Mohapatra P.,IIIT | Chakravarty S.,Orissa Engineering College, Bhubaneswar | Dash P.K.,Siksha O' Anusandhan University
Swarm and Evolutionary Computation | Year: 2016

Microarray gene expression based medical data classification has remained as one of the most challenging research areas in the field of bioinformatics, machine learning and pattern classification. This paper proposes two variations of kernel ridge regression (KRR), namely wavelet kernel ridge regression (WKRR) and radial basis kernel ridge regression (RKRR) for classification of microarray medical datasets. Microarray medical datasets contain irrelevant and redundant genes which cause high number of gene expression i.e. dimensionality and small sample sizes. To overcome the curse of dimensionality of the microarray datasets, modified cat swarm optimization (MCSO), a naturally inspired evolutionary algorithm, is used to select the most relevant features from the datasets. The adequacies of the classifiers are demonstrated by employing four from each binary and multi-class microarray medical datasets. Breast cancer, prostate cancer, colon tumor, leukemia datasets belong to the former and leukemia1, leukemia2, SRBCT, brain tumor1 to the latter. A number of useful performance evaluation measures including accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, confusion matrix, Gmean, F-score and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve are considered to examine the efficacy of the model. Other models like simple ridge regression (RR), online sequential ridge regression (OSRR), support vector machine radial basis function (SVMRBF), support vector machine polynomial (SVMPoly) and random forest are studied and analyzed for comparison. The experimental results demonstrate that KRR outperforms other models irrespective of the datasets and WKRR produces better results as compared to RKRR. Finally, when the results are compared on the basis of binary and multi-class datasets, it is found that binary class yields a little bit better result as compared to the multiclass irrespective of models. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Chandra M.,BIT | Kar A.,IIIT | Goel P.,BIT
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2014

The problem of acoustic echo is well defined in case of hands-free communication.The presence of large acoustic coupling between the loudspeaker and microphone would produce an echo that causes a reduction in the quality of the communication.The solution to this problem is the elimination of the echo with an echo canceller which increases the speech quality and improves listening experience. In this paper, many prominent work done in relation to acoustic echo cancellation (AEC) is discussed and analysed. The existing AEC algorithms are analysed and compared based on their merits and demerits in a time varying echoed environment. It covers the basic algorithms like least mean square (LMS), normalized least mean square (NLMS) and recursive least square algorithm as well as their modified versions like variable step size NLMS, fractional LMS, Filtered-x LMS, variable tap-length LMS algorithm, multiple sub-filter (MSF) based algorithms, variable tap-length MSF structures etc. Finally, a judicious comparison is presented towards the end of the paper in order to judge the best AEC algorithm in the present time. © Research India Publications.

Sahoo H.K.,IIIT | Dash P.K.,Siksha O' Anusandhan University | Rath N.P.,VSSUT
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications | Year: 2012

Mechanical vibration signals are always composed of harmonics of different order. A novel estimator is proposed for estimating the frequency of sinusoidal signals from measurements corrupted by White Gaussian noise with zero mean. Also low frequency sinusoidal signal is considered along with third and fifth order harmonics in presence of noise for estimating amplitudes and phases of different harmonics. The proposed estimator known as complex H∞ filter is applied to a noisy sinusoidal signal model. State space modeling with two and three state variables is used for estimation of frequency in presence of white noise. Various comparisons in terms of simulation results for time varying frequency reveal that the proposed adaptive filter has significant improvement in noise rejection and estimation accuracy. Comparison in performance between two and three states modeling is presented in terms of mean square error (MSE) under different SNR conditions.The computer simulations clearly indicate that two states modeling based on Hilbert transform performs better than three states modeling under high noisy condition. Frequency estimation performance of the proposed filter is also being compared with extended complex Kalman filter (ECKF) under same noisy conditions through simulations. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

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