News Article | April 28, 2017
Tamim Chalati remembers an Aleppo where you could get pizza at 3am. “I had a good salary and social life,” the scientist says, recalling how he used to take his two children out for “hot and crispy barbecue food”, their favourite, several times a week. They lived a comfortable life, with his wife a doctor, and he head of the Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology at the University of Aleppo. When war broke out in 2011, first only cracks appeared in Chalati’s world – the electricity would go off, they’d be without water for a few days. But on one summer day in 2012, they found the streets empty and the hospital closed. “We then saw many people walking west [away from a battle in the eastern part of the city], and they told us the war had reached us.” That night there were air strikes, and the family watched in horror as the security situation spiralled out of control, food became scarce and the value of money plummeted. Only 10 students out of 100 were now attending his classes, and when by the end of the year many colleagues had left the country, Chalati and his wife debated if they should too. But they held out until January 2013, when two blasts at the University of Aleppo killed 80 people. Chalati was in his office. His mind went immediately to his children, who were in school, just a few kilometres from the blast. “I couldn’t reach [them] to find out if they were still alive – it was really terrible,” he says. They were safe, but one of the explosions destroyed the kiosk where he often picked up coffee on the school run. The academic began frantically applying for positions at universities in Turkey, Jordan and the UAE – any posting that could give his family a route out of Syria. There would be another two tense years before he finally secured a fellowship through the Institute of International Education’s (IIE) Scholar Rescue Fund. Today the Chalitis are living in England and he is a research associate in the chemistry department at the University of York. Chalati is one of the lucky ones. The IIE, which has helped rescue persecuted scholars since 1919, currently has an acceptance rate of less than 20% for qualified Syrian scholars. It is not the only organisation offering support to academics in danger, but “the needs still far outstrip the resources available,” says James King, assistant director of the Scholar Rescue Fund. The organisation estimates that among the millions who fled Syria there are 2,000 university professionals. Many are still stuck in makeshift camps, and even if resettled, are unable to work. They fly under the radar as academics are not considered one of the most at-risk refugee groups. Yet more than 450 have been assassinated in Iraq since 2003, and an analysis by Scholars at Risk of 158 reported attacks against university professionals in 35 countries from May 2015 to September 2016 found threats ranged from travel restrictions to wrongful prosecutions, forced disappearances and murder. “Scholars, scientists and human rights activists are targeted from every direction,” says Radwan Ziadeh, a senior analyst at the Arab Centre in Washington DC. He should know – the former dentist left Syria in 2007 after receiving threats from the Assad’s security forces after calling for government reform, and he’s currently on an Isis kill list. His asylum case in the US has been pending for three years. So why don’t host countries do more to make the most of these scientists, medics, engineers and other skilled workers? “The main obstacle is the lack of political will, with the rise of the populist movements around the world,” Ziadeh says, explaining that politicians too often treat refugees as a homogenous group. King thinks that a lack of awareness about their educational qualifications, as well as practical challenges related to cost, language barriers, and qualifications assessment, are issues. “Governments and higher education institutions are beginning to recognise the opportunity here,” he says. “But we have a real responsibility to ensure that refugee scientists are supported to continue their academic work because these are the very individuals who will be rebuilding their countries, who will build healthy diaspora communities, and who will really contribute to their host communities.” Chalati experienced the issue of getting his qualifications recognised first-hand. He has a master’s and PhD from a French university but his BA in pharmacy is from a Syrian university, so in the UK he cannot be employed permanently at a school of pharmacy, unless he redoes some exams – a process that could take three years. “In Syria I was a senior academic, but when I came to the UK I had to start from scratch as a postdoc, as if the previous five years of my career did not exist,” he says. Still, scientific institutions can play an important role in helping refugee scientists integrate into their new communities. “Our scholars often don’t consider themselves refugees: when they are integrated into a lab they’re scientists again, and it’s very important for them to be able to move beyond this reductionist label of refugee,” King says. In March, a workshop was convened by The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) to discuss how to better support refugee scientists. They recommended that scientific communities establish relations with refugee processing centres, and that host governments accelerate the approval of asylum applications from scientists. TWAS also discussed how to rebuild scientific communities in countries returning to stability, suggesting governments provide tax exemptions and laboratory facilities to persuade skilled workers to return. Eqbal Mohammed Dauqan, a Yemeni scientist now on a scholarship at the National University of Malaysia, is sceptical about these recommendations. In March 2015, she was head of the medical laboratory sciences department at Al-Saeed University of Taiz, but had spent eight months without the internet, electricity or salary, and a bomb hit her house. “When students and researchers finish their fellowships how are they coming back here?” she says. “We don’t even have an airport, and even if they [get here] they are not going to have a stipend for research, because what remains of the government has no money.” Personally, she is not sure of what her next move should be – her scholarship will run out in 2018. “Now I am not a refugee scientist, I am a visiting scholar, but maybe I’ll be a refugee next year.” Join our community of development professionals and humanitarians. Follow @GuardianGDP on Twitter.
News Article | May 18, 2017
COBOURG, Ontario--(BUSINESS WIRE)--La Société d'aide au développement des collectivités de Northumberland (SADC) et Mme Kim Rudd, secrétaire parlementaire du ministre des Ressources naturelles et députée de Northumberland–Peterborough South, ont annoncé trois nouvelles initiatives qui appuieront et influenceront directement les stratégies coordonnées de recrutement et perfectionnement des entreprises innovantes de Northumberland et de l'Est de l'Ontario. L'annonce a eu lieu lors de la réception Northumberland : l'innovation en marche tenue à Victoria Hall, à Cobourg, le 17 mai. Regroupant un grand nombre de clients motivants, amis et partenaires de collaboration de la SADC de Northumberland, l’événement visait à célébrer les succès de plusieurs projets et programmes mis en œuvre par la SADC et le gouvernement du Canada, par le truchement de l’Agence fédérale de développement économique pour le Sud de l’Ontario (FedDev Ontario). Les trois initiatives vont cimenter les bases d’une collaboration continue mise de l’avant par l’innovation et l’esprit d’entrepreneuriat dans la région. « Si le territoire de Northumberland veut être à l’avant-garde de l’innovation, il faut y retrouver les ressources et les outils nécessaires pour fournir une aide financière et des stratégies aux entrepreneurs locaux et à ceux de l’Est de l’Ontario. Ce faisant, nous garantissons le succès et une croissance durable », de déclarer Wendy Curtis, directrice générale de la SADC de Northumberland. « La SADC de Northumberland, épaulée par le Programme fédéral de développement de l’Est de l’Ontario, continue d’être le moteur de la renaissance rurale de l’Est de l’Ontario », d’affirmer Mme Kim Rudd, secrétaire parlementaire du ministre des Ressources naturelles et députée de Northumberland–Peterborough South. « Ses projets, couplés à l’aide financière fournie par la Société d’aide au développement des collectivités de Northumberland et FedDev Ontario, ouvrent la voie, dès aujourd’hui, à la création de débouchés économiques et aux emplois de demain. 1. La SADC de Northumberland stimule l’innovation avec le programme N1M. Le programme Investir dans l’innovation des entreprises (IIE) de FedDev Ontario, par le truchement du programme N1M de la SADC de Northumberland, apporte une aide financière de près de 691 000 $ à vingt-trois entreprises en démarrage du domaine des technologies numériques, des technologies propres et des nouvelles économies. Ce financement vise à accélérer le développement d’entreprises technologiques prometteuses et de PME innovantes dans le Sud de l’Ontario, en portant une attention particulière au territoire de Northumberland. L’initiative créera 31 nouveaux postes à plein temps, commercialisera onze nouveaux produits, produira sept brevets d’invention et fera croître les ventes de 1 639 000 $. 2. La SADC de Northumberland annonce un nouveau programme d’accès au capital de risque. Ce nouvel ajout à l’éventail de programmes offerts présentement par la SADC de Northumberland est assorti d’une aide financière de 1 050 000 $. L’investissement appuiera les entreprises en démarrage de nouvelle génération, novatrices et fondées sur le savoir. En comblant les déficits pécuniaires en phase initiale, bien reconnus en Ontario, on attirera, fidélisera et développera des entreprises locales axées sur l’innovation. 3. Création du Centre de développement de nouvelles entreprises à Northumberland : la ville de Cobourg a reçu 400 000 $ du programme de développement de l’Est de l’Ontario, dans le cadre des projets coopératifs de développement économique, en vue de la création de ce centre de 30 000 pieds carrés. Consacré aux entreprises de démarrage/PME technologiques, il comprendra des zones d’incubation d’entreprises, des zones d’accélération et divers services, notamment des fonds de démarrage antidilutifs (ratio d’endettement) et des centres d’apprentissage supérieur. Doté de matériel technologique de pointe, facilitant la connectivité mondiale, et d’une salle de conférences pouvant accueillir 77 personnes, on y retrouvera des salles de réunion et des espaces réservés aux fabricants, pour le design, les prototypes et la création. Le coût total du projet s’élèvera à 1 520 000 $. Il créera 72 nouveaux emplois à temps plein et favorisera l’expansion des affaires d’une vingtaine d’entreprises au cours d’une période de 24 mois. Ces initiatives conjointes sont sur la longueur d’onde du mandat de FedDev Ontario et le réitèrent. Ce dernier vise à créer et à retenir des entreprises, puis à favoriser leur croissance, à cultiver des partenariats et à bâtir des collectivités solides. Elles contribuent également au programme d’innovation du gouvernement du Canada qui stimule la croissance économique, l’acquisition de meilleures compétences, de meilleurs emplois et de meilleures possibilités pour tous nos concitoyens. La SADC de Northumberland est une organisation indépendante d’aide aux entreprises axée sur le soutien de l’innovation et de l’entrepreunariat en vue de dégager des pistes vers le développement économique et la diversification. La SADC de Northumberland offre une aide financière et stratégique aux entrepreneurs par le biais d’une série de programmes, notamment le Programme de développement des collectivités (PCP) du gouvernement du Canada, le Programme de développement de l’Est de l’Ontario (EODP) ainsi que par les programmes N1M et N100. Pour un complément d’information, veuillez visiter le site Web : www.financingandstrategy.com.
Fariello M.I.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo |
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2015
Genomic prediction is a still growing field, as good predictions can have important economic impact in both, agronomics and health. In this article, we make a brief review and a comprehensive analysis of classical predictors used in the area. We propose a strategy to choose and ensemble of methods and to combine their results, to take advantage of the complementarity that some predictors have. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.
News Article | November 16, 2016
The New York Film Academy College of Visual & Performing Arts (NYFA) announces with pride that, for the second year in a row, the College ranks among the top five “Special Focus Institutions” enrolling international students, according to the U.S. Department of State’s Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. The report was released over the weekend by the Institute of International Education (IIE) at a press conference at the National Press Club in Washington DC and timed to coincide with the start of 2016 International Education Week (IEW) (Nov. 14-18), a joint initiative of the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Department of Education. According to Open Doors, in the 2015-2016 academic year, NYFA hosted 1,492 international students in degree programs. Additionally, nearly 2,000 international students not counted in this Open Doors Report data were enrolled in non-degree study programs at NYFA’s three U.S. campuses in New York City, Los Angeles (Burbank), and Miami (South Beach). NYFA is favorably ranked in the Carnegie Classification, as well. Michael Young, NYFA’s president, stressed the importance of international education when commenting on the Open Doors rankings: “The New York Film Academy has a global mission to provide the best visual and performing arts curriculum to students from around the world. As part of this mission we seek a balance of international and U.S. students in all of our programs.” NYFA is a host Fulbright Center of Academic Excellence and enrolls numerous Fulbright international students in the College’s graduate programs. Mr. Young emphasized, “The power of storytelling is not owned by any one nation, it is a visual art that the entire world needs in times of peace and stability, and even more so during chaos and uncertainty. For the last 25 years, NYFA has taught the crafts associated with filmmaking to tens of thousands of visual and performing artists from nearly 120 countries. Thanks to the most powerful form of communication that exists, they are the voices that will be heard through the noise.” As well, the New York Film Academy is highlighting its study abroad opportunities and accomplishments during the national celebration of International Education Week by hosting a social media contest; NYFA students and alumni have the opportunity to submit photographic representations of what “home” means to them via Facebook or Instagram by including the hashtag #NYFAInternational and tagging @NewYorkFilmAcademy. A winner will be chosen Nov. 18 for a prize. This contest is open to all current NYFA students (nearly 8,500) from all three U.S. campuses (New York, Los Angeles, and South Beach, Florida) as well as students studying at all our locations abroad, including Florence, Italy; Paris, France; and Gold Coast and Sydney, Australia. *The New York Film Academy’s degree programs are offered only at our Los Angeles, California, and South Beach, Florida, campuses. With locations all around the world, the New York Film Academy has grown into an international film and performing arts school with a focus on learning by doing, providing its students with hands-on instruction. Students can choose to enroll in one of the Academy’s MFA, MA, BFA, BA, and AFA U.S. accredited degree programs and short-term workshops in filmmaking, acting for film, photography, producing, 3D animation, cinematography, screenwriting, documentary filmmaking, game design, musical theatre, broadcast journalism, music video, graphic design, illustration, and digital editing. With more than 8,000 students from over 100 countries, NYFA offers courses in New York City, Los Angeles, South Beach (Miami), Sydney & Gold Coast in Australia, Florence, and more. The New York Film Academy’s Florence, Italy location holds film and acting programs in a renovated renaissance era building, across the street from Le Cappelle Medici, moments away from the Duomo. Steven Spielberg, Martin Scorsese, Bruce Springsteen, Al Pacino, Robert Downey Jr., Kevin James, Jamie Foxx, and Jodie Foster are among the many figures in the film industry that have sent their family members to study at the New York Film Academy. The Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange, released today by the Institute of International Education (IIE), shows that more than 313,000 U.S. students received credit last year for study abroad during 2014-15 — an increase of nearly three percent over the previous year. The Open Doors findings reflect that students study abroad in part to gain international experience that can be applied in their careers, and data also show that an increasing number of U.S. students — over 22,000 in 2014-15 — participated in non-credit work, internships and volunteering abroad through which they can gain practical skills. NYFA has focused on increasing study abroad participation this year, as a commitment partner in IIE’s Generation Study Abroad initiative to double the current number of American students who go abroad each year — 600,000 individuals — by 2020, and to diversify that group. Currently, fewer than 10 percent of American college students participate in international study programs, and fewer than 25 percent of those students are from underrepresented minority groups. There is an emphasis at NYFA on the importance of global awareness and a belief that an experience of education abroad enhances a student’s global outlook and overall education. Launched in March 2014 with 156 partners, Generation Study Abroad has grown to include more than 740 partners that have raised more than $55 million for student scholarships to study abroad. The network includes 408 U.S. colleges and universities from 48 states; 189 international universities and organizations from 50 countries; 23 education associations; more than 100 organizations including study abroad, K-12, and social network agencies; 18 country partners and the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
Flores L.I.R.,IIE |
Perich E.,I GARD |
Panetta S.,I GARD |
Poujol G.F.C.,IIE |
Record of Conference Papers - Annual Petroleum and Chemical Industry Conference | Year: 2016
This paper shows the advantages and disadvantages of different grounding in Mexico's refineries; as well as the opportunity to optimize the operating conditions, and correct maintenance procedures that may be reflected in preventive maintenance. The implementation of hybrid grounding methods for medium voltage generation sources for two of the six refineries in Mexico are presented. The grounding design of the typical electrical system during the early 70s is analyzed and how it should be improved with other grounding method. The modernization plans of the electric power system of four refineries are presented. Finally, some recommendations are provided for the power sector engineers seeking the same goal: safety and reliability in power systems. © 2015 IEEE.
Naveen R.,IIE |
Thanushkkodi K.,ACET |
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology | Year: 2013
A lower power current comparison based domino logic 4z.ast;4 Wallace tree multiplier is proposed. Here the multiplier is designed by using low leakage high speed full adders. These full adders uses current comparison based domino logic to achieve low leakage and high speed. The technique which is utilized in this paper is based on comparison of mirrored current of the pull-up network with its worst leakage case current. This technique decreases the parasitic capacitance on the dynamic node, yielding a smaller keeper for wide fan-in gates to implement fast and robust circuits. So that the leakage current and power consumption and delay are reduced. The proposed 4*4 Wallace tree multiplier using current comparison based domino logic full adders was simulated using Mentor graphics ELDO in the temperature of 27° C, which is operated in 3 GHz shows half of the power reduction when compared to the 4*4 Wallace tree multiplier using standard full adders. © 2005 - 2013 JATIT & LLS. All right reserved.
Zabre E.,IIE |
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science | Year: 2014
Alarm system, alarm rationalization and interface design play a critical and important role to determine the ability and effectiveness of operators at power plants. Due to this, an adequate and proper alarm system impact to the answer and attention in the presence of abnormal situations from a control room at power plant. In industrial processes, such as petrochemical, paper, electricity, among others, it is necessary to optimize the management of resources in order to guarantee the work team, equipment and installation's safety. In the past decade, alarm management has positioned itself as the most important of priorities in term of safety aspects, but to get this an exhausted review, diagnostic, and improvement labors to alarm system have been required. In this paper, a system prototype known as Diagnosis System ASARHE to diagnosis generating unit at power plants, developed by Instituto de Investigaciones Eléctricas (Mexico's Electrical research Institute), is presented. It provides as results the performance operative state of alarm systems, previous to depuration these last through the application of an alarm rationalization methodology based on ANSIIISA and EMMUA international norms. This diagnosis was fundamental to be able to Improve any alarm management system that has a direct impact on the most important human factor of every processing plant: the operator.
Cornalino E.,UTE |
Coppes E.,IIE |
Proceedings of the 2012 6th IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution: Latin America Conference and Exposition, T and D-LA 2012 | Year: 2012
The system of electric power generation of Uruguay will verify significant changes in the near future. © 2012 IEEE.
Ali H.A.,University of Basrah |
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011
The use of neural networks for recognition application is generally constrained by their inherent parameters inflexibility after the training phase. This means no adaptation is accommodated for input variations that have any influence on the network parameters. Attempts were made in this work to design a neural network that includes an additional mechanism that adjusts the threshold values according to the input pattern variations. The new approach is based on splitting the whole network into two subnets; main traditional net and a supportive net. The first deals with the required output of trained patterns with predefined settings, while the second tolerates output generation dynamically with tuning capability for any newly applied input. This tuning comes in the form of an adjustment to the threshold values. Two levels of supportive net were studied; one implements an extended additional layer with adjustable neuronal threshold setting mechanism, while the second implements an auxiliary net with traditional architecture performs dynamic adjustment to the threshold value of the main net that is constructed in dual-layer architecture. Experiment results and analysis of the proposed designs have given quite satisfactory conducts. The supportive layer approach achieved over 90% recognition rate, while the multiple network technique shows more effective and acceptable level of recognition. However, this is achieved at the price of network complexity and computation time. Recognition generalization may be also improved by accommodating capabilities involving all the innate structures in conjugation with Intelligence abilities with the needs of further advanced learning phases.
Barabino N.,IIE |
Wireless Personal Communications | Year: 2013
In this work the free space optics (FSO) and the millimeter waves (MMW) links are studied for the Uruguayan weather conditions. FSO availability is affected by fog significantly, while MMW availability is mainly affected by rains. Considering visibility and rain intensity data, these availabilities are estimated for the Uruguayan weather conditions. The results are extensible to other areas with similar weather. Finally the use of both links simultaneously, one as a backup of the other, is discussed. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.