Nozaki H.,Niigata University |
Sekine Y.,Niigata University |
Fukutake T.,Kameda Medical Center |
Nishimoto Y.,Keio University |
And 7 more authors.
Neurology | Year: 2015
Objectives: The objective of this study was to clarify the characteristic brain MRI findings for genetically diagnosed CARASIL (cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy). Methods: Seven patients with CARASIL carrying HTRA1 mutations (representing 6 Japanese families) were included in this study. Eighteen brain MRIs were reviewed and evaluated with a new rating scale based on scoring for abnormal hyperintense lesions and atrophy. Results: At the last follow-up MRI, all patients had hyperintense lesions on T2-weighted images of the frontal white matter, anterior temporal lobe, external capsules, and thalami. Patients with longer time from the onset of cognitive impairment had higher MRI severity score. The atrophy advanced, followed by white matter lesion progression. During the early stage, hyperintense lesions were observed in the frontal white matter, external capsule, and pons. During the late stage, the arc-shaped hyperintense lesion from the pons to the middle cerebellar peduncles, which we designated the "arc sign," became evident. The arc sign was a characteristic finding for CARASIL in the advanced stage. Conclusions: These characteristic MRI findings for CARASIL are useful for selecting patients for genetic testing. The rating scale correlates well with disease duration and might be useful for assessing disease progression. © © 2015 American Academy of Neurology.
Shimodaira M.,Iida Municipal Hospital |
Shimodaira M.,Nihon University |
Muroya Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital |
Kumagai N.,Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation | Year: 2013
Background: Short-term intensive insulin therapy (IIT) in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has beneficial effects on insulin secretion. However, IIT effect on glucagon and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion is unknown. Aim: We evaluated short-term intensive glycemic control effects on insulin, glucagon, and GLP-1 secretory dynamics in T2DM. Materials and methods: Twenty-six patients with T2DM were hospitalized and treated with IIT for 10-14 days. A meal tolerance test was performed before and after IIT and the differences in serum immunoreactive insulin (IRI) and C-peptide immunoreactivity (CPR) as well as plasma glucagon and active GLP-1 levels were evaluated. Results: Glycoalbumin levels decreased significantly from 23.0% before to 19.6% after IIT (p<0.001). However, pre- and post-IIT, IRI and CPR levels were not significantly different; post-IIT glucose levels were significantly decreased. The post-IIT glucagon levels at 0 and 60 min were lower than pre-IIT levels. Moreover, post-IIT area under the curve (AUC) of glucagon significantly reduced from 6755±996 pg/dl·60 min to 5796±1074 pg/dl·60 min (p<0.001). Furthermore, post-IIT GLP-1 levels and AUC were significantly higher than pre-IIT values. Conclusions: Our results suggest that patients with T2DM who received short-term IIT demonstrated decreased postprandial glucagon levels and increased GLP-1 levels following a meal tolerance test. ©2013, Editrice Kurtis.
Sofuni A.,Tokyo Medical University |
Maguchi H.,Center for Gastroenterology |
Mukai T.,Gifu Municipal Hospital |
Kawakami H.,Hokkaido University |
And 8 more authors.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2011
Background & Aims: Pancreatitis is the most common and potentially serious complication of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) is caused mostly by postprocedural papillary edema and retention of pancreatic juice. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether placement of a temporary-type, pancreatic duct stent prevents PEP and to identify risk factors for PEP. Methods: We analyzed data from 426 consecutive patients who underwent ERCP-related procedures at 37 endoscopic units. The patients were assigned randomly to groups that received stents (S group, n = 213) or did not (nS group, n = 213). The stent used was temporary, 5F in diameter, 3 cm long, and straight with an unflanged inner end. Results: The overall frequency of PEP was 11.3%. The frequencies of PEP in the S and nS groups were 7.9% and 15.2%, respectively; the lower incidence of PEP in the S group was statistically significant based on the full analysis set (P = .021), although there was no statistically significant differences in an intention-to-treat analysis (P = .076). There were significant differences in PEP incidence between groups in multivariate analysis for the following risk factors: pancreatography first, nonplacement of a pancreatic duct stent after ERCP, procedure time of 30 minutes or more, sampling of pancreatic tissue by any method, intraductal ultrasonography, and difficulty of cannulation (≥15 min). Patients with more than 3 risk factors had a significantly greater incidence of pancreatitis. Conclusions: Placement of a pancreatic duct stent reduces the incidence of PEP. Several risk factors are associated with PEP. © 2011 AGA Institute.
Asami K.,Chuo Chest Medical Center |
Koizumi T.,Shinshu University |
Hirai K.,Nagano Municipal Hospital |
Ameshima S.,University of Fukui |
And 5 more authors.
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2011
Introduction: Feasibility of gefitinib therapy in elderly patients with nonsmall-cell lung cancer is uncertain. This phase II study aimed to investigate the efficacy and usefulness of gefitinib therapy as a first-line treatment for elderly patients who have advanced lung adenocarcinoma with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. Patients and Methods: We enrolled chemotherapy-nave advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients aged 75 years or older. Patients were administered gefitinib (250 mg) once daily until progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was response rate (RR), and secondary endpoints were disease control rate (DCR; defined as complete response [CR] plus partial response [PR] plus stable disease [SD]), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity profile. Results: Between April 2008 and November 2009, 17 lung adenocarcinoma patients were enrolled. Overall RR was 59% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33% to 81%), with 2 patients achieving CR and 8 PR. SD was noted in 5 patients, and DCR was 88% (95% CI: 62% to 98%). Median PFS was 12.9 months (95% CI: 2.2 to 23.6 months), and median OS had not yet been reached. Major grade 3 toxicities were skin rash (12%) and increased levels of aspartate aminotransferase or alanine aminotransferase (18%). Conclusion: First-line treatment with gefitinib was effective and well-tolerated in elderly patients with EGFR mutations. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Shimodaira M.,Iida Municipal Hospital |
Niwa T.,Iida Municipal Hospital |
Nakajima K.,Iida Municipal Hospital |
Kobayashi M.,Iida Municipal Hospital
Endocrine Practice | Year: 2014
Objective: The diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in patients receiving levodopa is challenging because the standard diagnostic biochemical tests may be confounded by dopaminergic therapy. We aim to showcase our experience with the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in a patient with a known case of Parkinson's disease who was receiving levodopa.Methods: We present the case of an elderly male who was diagnosed as having pheochromocytoma while receiving dopaminergic therapy for Parkinson's disease.Results: A 75-year-old man presented with vague abdominal symptoms. Computed tomography revealed a 3.5 × 3.2 cm right adrenal mass with a well-defined margin. As revealed by magnetic resonance imaging, the mass was hypointense on T1-weighted and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. Biochemical tests revealed elevated levels of urinary dopamine, which was considered to be caused by levodopa therapy. However, concurrent elevation in urinary adrenaline and his metanephrine and vanillylmandelic acid levels suggested an underlying case of pheochromocytoma. An 123I- metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) scintigraphy scan performed under levodopa therapy showed positive tracer uptake in the right adrenal gland. Histopathology of the adrenalectomy specimen confirmed the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.Conclusion: Our experience with the present case indicates that although the standard diagnostic biochemical tests for pheochromocytoma may be confounded by dopaminergic therapy, 123I-MIBG scintigraphy has diagnostic value for confirming pheochromocytoma even in patients receiving dopaminergic therapy. © 2014 AACE.