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Adeje, Spain

Dominguez E.,IHSM UMA CSIC | Heredia-Guerrero J.A.,Italian Institute of Technology | Heredia A.,University of Malaga
Trends in Plant Science | Year: 2015

The genesis of cutin, the main lipid polymer present in the biosphere, has remained elusive for many years. Recently, two main approaches have attempted to explain the process of cutin polymerization. One describes the existence of an acyltransferase cutin synthase enzyme that links activated monomers of cutin in the outer cell wall, while the other shows that plant cutin is the final result of an extracellular nonenzymatic self-assembly and polymerizing process of cutin monomers. In this opinion article, we explain both models and suggest that they could be pieces of a more complex biological scenario. We also highlight their different characteristics and current limitations, and suggest a potential synergism of both hypotheses. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Gutierrez-Barranquero J.A.,University of Malaga | Carrion V.J.,University of Malaga | Murillo J.,Public University of Navarra | Arrebola E.,IHSM UMA CSIC | And 3 more authors.
Phytopathology | Year: 2013

Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, the causal agent of bacterial apical necrosis (BAN) in mango crops, has been isolated in different mango-producing areas worldwide. An extensive collection of 87 P. syringae pv. syringae strains isolated from mango trees affected by BAN from different countries, but mainly from Southern Spain, were initially examined by repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) to analyze the genetic diversity with an epidemiological aim. rep-PCR was powerful in assessing intrapathovar distribution and also allowing clustering of the P. syringae pv. syringae strains isolated from mango, depending on the isolation area. A clear pattern of clustering was observed for all the P. syringae pv. syringae strains isolated from mango distinct from strains from other hosts, including strains for the same geographical regions as the mango isolates. For this reason, a representative group of 51 P. syringae pv. syringae strains isolated from mango and other hosts, as well as some P. syringae strains from other pathovars, were further characterized to determine their possible genetic, phenotypic, and phylogenetic relationships. Similar to the rep-PCR results, the randomly amplified polymorphic DNA PCR (RAPD-PCR) and catabolic diversity analysis using the Biolog GN2 profile grouped 90% of the mango isolates together in a unique cluster. Interestingly, the majority of P. syringae pv. syringae strains isolated from mango produced mangotoxin. The analysis of the phylogenetic distribution using the multilocus sequence typing analysis strongly supports the existence of a differentiated phylotype of the pathovar syringae mainly associated with the mango host and characterized by the mangotoxin production. © 2013 The American Phytopathological Society.

Heredia A.,University of Malaga | Heredia-Guerrero J.A.,Italian Institute of Technology | Dominguez E.,IHSM UMA CSIC
Plant Signaling and Behavior | Year: 2015

Tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum L.) accumulate flavonoids in their cuticle and epidermal cells during ripening. These flavonoids come from de novo biosynthesis due to a significant increase in chalcone synthase (CHS) activity during ripening. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) of tomato fruits have been used to down-regulate SlCHS expression during ripening and analyze the effects at the epidermal and cuticle level. Besides the expected change in fruit color due to a lack of flavonoids incorporated to the cuticle, several other modifications such as a decrease in the amount of cutin and polysaccharides were observed. These indicate a role for either flavonoids or CHS in the alteration of the expression levels of some genes involved in cuticle biosynthesis. Moreover, a negative interaction between the 2 cuticle components, flavonoids and waxes, suggests a relationship between these 2 metabolic pathways. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Segado P.,University of Malaga | Dominguez E.,IHSM UMA CSIC | Heredia A.,University of Malaga
Plant Signaling and Behavior | Year: 2016

In tomato, the ovary is covered with a thin, electron-dense and uniform cuticle. The first 10 d after anthesis are critical in the cutinisation of the outer epidermal wall. During this period, singular cytoplasmic domains have been identified in the epidermal cells which seem to be involved in lipid biosynthesis. Moreover, the inner side of the procuticle showed a globular structure with vesicle-like particles of different size that seemed to migrate from the cytoplasm to the procuticle. These electron-dense particles are postulated to play an important role in early cutin synthesis. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Bonilla N.,University of Malaga | Cazorla F.M.,University of Malaga | Martinez-Alonso M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Hermoso J.M.,IHSM UMA CSIC | And 4 more authors.
Plant and Soil | Year: 2012

Background and aims: The avocado-producing area of southern Spain includes conventional orchards and organic orchards that use different organic amendments. To gain insight into the effects of these amendments, physicochemical properties and microbial communities of the soil were analysed in a representative set of commercial and experimental orchards. Methods: The population size of several groups of culturable microorganisms was determined by plating on different selective media. Bacterial community structure was studied by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)Results: Commercial composts showed the largest effects, especially the animal compost, enhancing the population sizes of some microbial groups and affecting bacterial community structure in superficial and deep soil layers. Moreover, animal and vegetal compost, manure and blood meal addition are related to high bacterial diversity in the superficial soil layer. Conclusions: All of the organic amendments used in this study affect soil properties in one or more of the characteristics that were analysed. Culturable microbial population data revealed the most evident effects of some of the organic treatments. However, molecular analysis of soil bacterial communities by DGGE allowed the detection of the influence of all of the analysed amendments on bacterial community composition. This effect was stronger in the superficial layer of the avocado soil. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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