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Yang W.,Lewin Group | Dall T.M.,IHS Global | Zhang Y.,MedImmune | Zhang S.,Booz Allen Hamiltons Advanced Analytics Division | And 3 more authors.
Health Affairs | Year: 2012

Despite the documented benefits of quitting smoking, studies have found that smokers who quit may have higher lifetime medical costs, in part because of increased risk for medical conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, brought on by associated weight gain. Using a simulation model and data on 612,332 adult smokers in the US Department of Defense's TRICARE Prime health plan in 2008, we estimated that cessation accompanied by weight gain would increase average life expectancy by 3.7 years, and that the average lifetime reduction in medical expenditures from improved health ($5,600) would be offset by additional expenditures resulting from prolonged life ($7,300). Results varied by age and sex: For females ages 18-44 at time of cessation, there would be net savings of $1,200 despite additional medical expenditures from prolonged life. Avoidance of weight gain after quitting smoking would increase average life expectancy by four additional months and reduce mean extra spending resulting from prolonged life by $700. Overall, the average net lifetime health care cost increase of $1,700 or less per ex-smoker would be modest and, for employed people, more than offset by even one year's worth of productivity gains. These results boost the case for smoking cessation programs in the military in particular, along with not selling cigarettes in commissaries or at reduced prices. © 2012 Project HOPE- The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc. Source


Roelofsen J.,IHS Global
73rd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2011: Unconventional Resources and the Role of Technology. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2011 | Year: 2011

Different resource classifications for the petroleum and mining industry have been in place for a long time. Attempts have been undertaken since more than thirty years to reconcile the various classifications into one over-reaching system. Reserves growth by new technology, changing reporting standards for the financial markets, supply security concerns and new resources like unconventional energy have urged for a better understanding of the global resource base. The United Nations Framework Classification (UNFC-2009) was established in 2009 to reconcile different classifications into one coherent system for various branches in the energy and mineral industry. This paper discusses the principles of this framework and its application for new energy sources like unconventional oil and gas. Source


Roelofsen J.,IHS Global | Chungkham P.,IHS Global | Parry J.,IHS CERA
73rd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2011: Unconventional Resources and the Role of Technology. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2011 | Year: 2011

Exploration for Unconventional Gas in Europe has well started. Some 200,000 square kilometers in western and northern Europe have been contracted for unconventional gas exploration, which amounts to 13 percent of the total onshore licensed acreage. The first exploration wells to evaluate shale gas potential have been drilled and several coal gas pilot projects are underway. IHS-CERA has conducted a study to analyze 35 shale gas and 19 coal gas (CBM) plays. The total GIP (Gas-In-Place) has been estimated at more than 5,500 Tcf (trillion cubic feet or 157 trillion cubic meters) for shale gas and at approximately 500 Tcf (14 Tcm) for coal gas. However, recovery from unconventional reservoirs is far less than the established recovery rates from conventional reservoirs and total recoverable gas is more likely in the 500-600 Bcf (billion cubic feet) range (unrisked reserves). This presentation described the methodology of research and a summary of the results of the study. Source


Dobrova H.,IHS Global | Gawenda P.,IHS Global | Ruchonnet C.,IHS Global | Renevey P.,IHS Global
73rd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2011: Unconventional Resources and the Role of Technology. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2011 | Year: 2011

The emergence of hydrocarbon production from unconventional reservoirs in the US has spawned high hopes of similar results in Continental Europe. Recently, a true pursuit to acquire acreage for exploration of unconventional resources has been undertaken by companies of all sizes, from supermajors to small players, often securing significant acreage positions. As a result, little unlicensed prospective areas remained available by end-2010. Presently, the main players on Europe's unconventional scene are the US majors ExxonMobil, Chevron, ConocoPhillips and Marathon Oil, followed by Eni, Talisman Oil, BNK Petroleum, Composite Energy, Lane Energy, San Leon and Toreador. Other companies, like Total, have pending applications, or are evaluating the resources (e.g. OMV). Several companies are bringing hands-on experience from the US shale gas operations. Field activities to assess shale gas/CBM potential have started in several European countries, including France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK, and the level of operations is on the rise. Data amassed from the new operations will provide a better understanding of the geological and technical constraints of the hydrocarbon systems, testing also Europe's regulatory and economic conditions. They will provide tangible estimates of the prospective resources, reason for much speculation so far. Source


Trademark
Ihs Global | Date: 2012-06-15

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