Raipur, India
Raipur, India
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Seventy one rice genotypes were studied for genetic variability, correlation and path analysis under irrigated and rainfed condition. The PCV values were greater than GCV, revealing little influence of environment in character expression. Analysis of variance was found to be significant for most of the traits, indicating that there is existence of genetic variability for these traits. High values of heritability along with genetic advance were observed for biological yield and harvest index. Grain yield was highly significantly and positively correlated with days to 50 per cent flowering, biological yield and harvest index, panicle length, flag leaf width and second leaf width under irrigated, whereas under rainfed condition panicle length and harvest index showed significant and positive correlation with grain yield. Biological yield and harvest index had positive direct effect on grain yield, hence selection of these two traits for grain yield will be effective.

Sharma S.N.,IGKV | Sahu S.,IGKV | Jha Z.,IGKV | Sharma D.K.,IGKV
Journal of Natural Remedies | Year: 2012

The present study is aimed at investigating the effects of variation in secondary metabolites and biomass production of Andrographis paniculatato obtainbetter yield and market value. The seasonal dynamics of A. paniculata was carried out on Kharifand Rabi seasons in two successive years at 2007 and 2008. A. paniculatagenotype was screened to assess the andrographolide accumulation and itsyield components on two harvesting dates corresponding to calendar months of June and November. The results revealed that last week of October ideal for obtaining maximum dry herbage (931.3kg/ha) and total andrographolide yield (29.05kg/ha), respectively. On the basis of relative estimates of total andrographolide is higher in February (3.12%) than September (1.85%).

Nagre S.K.,IGKV | Chandrakar D.K.,IGKV | Sharma M.K.,IGKV | Harishankar,IGKV
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2017

A field experiment was carried out at Research Cum Instructional Farm, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur during kharif season of 2013 to study the effect of four genotypes viz. KU 96-3 (V1) Indira Urd Pratham (V2), IU-02-01 (V3) and IU-02-03 (V4) and three planting geometry viz. 30 cm × 5 cm (S1), 30 cm × 10 cm(S2) and 30 cm × 15 cm (S3) on yield attributes and yield of Urdbean in Chhattisgarh plains. Results revealed that yield parameters viz. pods plant-1, seeds pod-1, seeds plant-1 and 100 seed weight (g) were highest under Urdbean genotype Indira Urd Pratham (V2) which ultimately gave highest seed yield, Stover yield and harvest index. Among planting geometry 30 cm × 10 cm (S2) spacing was found to be better yielder than 30 cm × 15 cm (S3) and 30 cm × 5 cm (S1) spacing. However, wider planting geometry of 30 cm × 15 cm (S3) was found to be superior in terms of individual yield parameters. But finally, seed yield was highest in planting geometry of 30 cm × 10 cm (S2) due to more number of plants per unit area. Urdbean genotypes sown with a planting geometry of 30 cm × 5 cm (S1) recorded maximum Stover yield. Copyright © EM International.

Jha Z.,IGKV | Sharam S.N.,IGKV | Sharma D.K.,IGKV
Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research | Year: 2011

The methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate pathway (MEP) and Mevalonate Pathway (MVP) is responsible for the biosynthesis of a substantial number of natural compounds of biological and biotechnological importance. In recent years, this pathway has become an obvious target to develop new herbicides, pharmaceuticals and antimicrobial drugs. The numerous secondary metabolites are produced through this pathway which involved in defense response against biological and non-biological agents. Some of them have broad economical functions like improving the interaction between the plant and environment. Andrographolide is one of the principal secondary metabolite of A. paniculata. It has multiple health promoting effects including anti HIV property. In this study we have exogenously applied Jasmonic acid (JA) and Gibberelic acid (GA 3) as an elicitor, in variable concentration, to access the effect on andrographolide accumulation and chlorophyll content of A. paniculata. The result indicated that the biosynthesis of andrographolide has enhanced by 31.25% and 56.1% by application of GA3 and JA respectively. Increment in the diterpene content has shown its association with the expression level of hmgr genes in the andrographolide accumulation regulatory cascade.

Kumar V.,SKUAST Jammu | Kumar A.,University Of Kashmir | Gayen R.,IGKV
Indian Journal of Horticulture | Year: 2011

Ten genetically diverse okra genotypes were taken for the present investigation. All possible single crosses excluding reciprocals were made among these parents and all the 10 parents and 45 F 1s were sown in a randomized block design with three replications. Observations recorded on quantitative traits showed considerable genetic variability. High heritability estimates were recorded for plant height, fruit width, fruit length, number of fruits per plant and weight of fruit per plant in both parents and F 1 generation. Genetic advance and genetic gain varied from 0.13 to 79.62 and 3.03 to 37.14, respectively. On the basis of correlation studies, fruit width was negatively correlated with fruit length (- 0.792) and positively correlated with weight of fruits per plant (0.662). Fruit length was positively correlated with weight of fruit per plant (0.703). Fruit width, fruit length, number of fruit per plant and weight of fruits per plant are most desirable characters, which affect the yield and such characters should be taken into consideration while making selection for overall improvement.

Sharma S.N.,IGKV | Jhaa Z.,IGKV | Sinha R.K.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada
Natural Product Communications | Year: 2013

Andrographolide is the principal bioactive component of the medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata, to which various diverse pharmacological properties are attributed. Traditionally, andrographolide was extracted from the leaves, stems and other parts of the plant. Leaves have the highest andrographolide content (2-3%) in comparison with the other plant parts. Adventitious root culture of leaf explants of A. paniculata was studied using different strength MS medium supplemented by different concentrations of auxins and a combination of NAA ± kinetin for growth and andrographolide production. Among the different auxin treatments in adventitious root culture, only NAA was able to induce adventitious roots. Adventitious roots grown in modified strength MS medium showed the highest root growth (26.7±1.52), as well as the highest amount of andrographolide (133.3±1.5 mg/g DW) as compared with roots grown in halfand full-strength MS medium. Growth kinetics showed maximum biomass production after five weeks of culture in different strength MS liquid medium. The produced andrographolide content was 3.5- 5.5 folds higher than that of the natural plant, depending on the medium strength.

Sharma S.N.,IGKV | Jha Z.,IGKV | Sharma D.K.,IGKV
Natural Product Communications | Year: 2011

A fingerprint was developed to evaluate ten genotypes of Andrographis paniculata (a herbal drug) collected from different geographical locations. The genotypes were assessed by HPLC and the chromatogram areas were used to construct fingerprints. Between the two fingerprints, vector of differences was defined. The scalar mean of the deviated vector was used for statistical analysis. By incorporating appropriate chemometric methods better differentiation of samples was achieved. This provides tools for extracting relevant chemical information from the obtained data. The developed method can be used as a quality control tool for rapid authentication, identity, assessment and selection of good quality natural drug from a wide variety of herbal samples.

Nirala H.,I.G.K.V. | Choubey N.K.,I.G.K.V. | Bhoi S.,I.G.K.V.
International Journal of Agricultural and Statistical Sciences | Year: 2012

The present investigation was carried out during kharif of 2009 at I.G.K.V., Raipur (C.G.), India. Blackgram variety "TU 94-2" was sown with a seed rate 20 kg ha-1. The experiment was laid in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Results revealed that highest number of pod plant-1, number of seed plant-1, number of seed pod-1, seed yield, stover yield and harvest index were obtained under hand weeding twice (20 and 40 DAS), followed by imazethapyr @ 25 g ha-1 PE and minimum was obtained under unweeded check. In the experimental field, Celosia argentia, Cynodon daclylon, Phyllanthus niruri and Cyperus rotundus were the dominant weeds and found throughout the crop growth period. The lowest density and dry matter production of weeds, weed intensity, weed growth rate, relative weed density and weed control efficiency were recorded under hand weeding twice (20 and 40 DAS), followed by imazethapyr @ 25 g ha-1 PE.

Verma S.K.,IGKV | Xalxo M.S.,IGKV | Saxena R.R.,IGKV | Verulkar S.B.,IGKV
Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding | Year: 2014

Rice is a cold sensitive plant. During off-season cultivation this crop experiences cold at seedling stage. The present study was based on 122 RILs in F13 generation developed by single-seed descent method from a cross between two indica cultivars Danteshwari and Dagad deshi. Screening was conducted during December 2012-January 2013 with seven replications at seedling stage. The genotypes exhibited marked variation for cold tolerance, with an average of 3.52 score on 1-9 scale and 0.62 broad sense heritability. Genotypic data of this population was developed using 161 SSR markers. A total of 5 QTLs were identified on chromosome 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12. QTL present on chromosome 9 had major effect with LOD value of 9.53 and located between HvSSR 9-7 to HvSSR 9-19. These QTLs will be helpful to facilitate the development of novel cold tolerant cultivars using molecular breeding. © 2014, Indian Agricultural Research Institute. All rights reserved.

Fourty eight divergent genotypes of linseed were studied for genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance during rabi 2011-12. The highest magnitude of genotypic variation was observed for seed yield per plant. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance was observed for seed yield per plant and number of capsule per plant. Number of capsule per plant, number of secondary branches per plant, number of primary branches per plant and 1000 seed weight had positive association with seed yield per plant. Number of capsule per plant showed high positive direct effects on seed yield per plant.

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