Growth of cover crops and soybean yield according to physical attributes in compacted soil [Desenvolvimento de plantas de cobertura e produtividade da soja conforme atributos físicos em solo compactado]
Valicheski R.R.,IFC Rio do Sul |
Grossklaus F.,IFC Rio do Sul |
Sturmer S.L.K.,IFC Rio do Sul |
Tramontin A.L.,CAV UDESC |
Baade E.S.A.S.,IFC Rio do Sul
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2012
With the intense use of technologies geared toward the mechanization of agricultural operations, soil compaction is a factor limiting productivity. To mitigate this problem, the use of ground cover crops is frequently recommended. With the objective to determine the effect of compaction on the soil physical properties, an experiment was carried out using randomized block design in a 2 x 5 factorial scheme. Two cover crop species (black oat - Avena strigosa and forage radish - Raphanus sativus), five levels of compaction (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 tractor passes with 5.0 Mg on the soil surface), with four repetitions were studied. Traffic intensities greater than 2 tractor passes change soil density, total porosity, and mechanical penetration resistance at a depth of 0-0,10 m, as well as linearly reduce the height and dry matter production of the above-ground parts of the cover crops. The cultivation of black oat or forage radish preceding the soybeans, associated with the use of a furrower during soybean sowing minimizes the effects of soil compaction, permitting to obtain productivity greater than 3,5 t ha-1.