Esparragosa de Lares, Spain
Esparragosa de Lares, Spain

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Vela M.D.,IFAPA Chipiona | Gine A.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Lopez-Gomez M.,IRTA Sustainable Plant Protection | Sorribas F.J.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2014

The present research was undertaken to evaluate the effects of soil temperature on the life cycle of root-knot nematodes (RKN) on zucchini-squash in growth chambers and to assess the relationship between Meloidogyne incognita soil population densities at planting (Pi), its multiplication rate, and crop losses of zucchini in field conditions. Thermal requirements for M. incognita and M. javanica were determined by cultivating zucchini plants in pots inoculated with 200 second stage juveniles (J2) of each Meloidogyne species at constant temperatures of 17, 21, 25, and 28 °C. Number of days from nematode inoculation until appearance of egg laying females and until egg hatching were separately recorded. For life cycle completion, base temperatures (Tb) of 12 ºC and 10.8 ºC and accumulated degree-days above Tb (S) of 456 and 526, were estimated for M. incognita and M. javanica, respectively. The relationship between fruit weight and M. incognita Pi fits the Seinhorst damage function, but differed accordingly to the cropping season, spring or autumn. Tolerance limits for M. incognita on zucchini were 8.1 J2 per 250 cm3 of soil in spring and 1.5 in autumn cropping cycles, and the minimum relative yields were 0.61 in spring and 0.69 in autumn. Zucchini-squash was a poorer host for M. incognita in spring than in autumn, since maximum multiplication rates (a) and equilibrium densities (E) were lower in spring (a = 16–96; E = 274–484) than in autumn (a = 270–2307; E = 787–1227). © 2014, Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging.

Melero-Vara J.M.,CSIC - Institute for Sustainable Agriculture | Lopez-Herrera C.J.,CSIC - Institute for Sustainable Agriculture | Basallote-Ureba M.J.,Institute Investigacion y Formacion Agraria y Pesquera IFAPA Las Torres Tomejil | Prados A.M.,IFAPA Alameda del Obispo | And 4 more authors.
Plant Disease | Year: 2012

The effectiveness of a combination of soil solarization and poultry manure (raw or pelletized) amendments for the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) was tested in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) crops grown in in-ground beds under plastic-covered greenhouse conditions in southern Spain. Our trials demonstrated that soil solarization alone did not provide sufficient control of root-knot nematode, because the carnation growing season in this region only partly coincides with the most effective period for solarization, resulting in an insufficient duration of treatment during a key period for effectiveness. Chemical fumigation with 1,3-dichloropropene + chloropicrin prior to planting was effective in reducing nematode population densities in soil. Its effects spanned 9 months after planting, resulting in acceptable crop yields. In comparison, the combination of soil solarization and raw or pelletized poultry manure was slightly less effective than chemical fumigation for control of this pathogen but crop yields after 9 months were similar. However, the higher root gall indices observed after 9 months, in comparison with chemically fumigated plots, indicated the need for a reapplication of the organic manure treatment at the start of each successive growing season. © 2012 The American Phytopathological Society.

Gine A.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Lopez-Gomez M.,IRTA - Institute of Agricultural-Alimentary Research and Technology | Vela M.D.,IFAPA Chipiona | Ornat C.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | And 3 more authors.
Plant Pathology | Year: 2014

Several studies were carried out to determine (i) thermal requirements for development, egg production and emergence of juveniles, and completion of the life cycle of Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne javanica on cucumber, (ii) the maximum multiplication rate and the equilibrium density of root-knot nematodes on cucumber and yield losses in pot and plastic greenhouse experiments, and (iii) the relationships between relative leaf chlorophyll content (RLCC) and relative cucumber dry top weight biomass (RDTWB) in relation to increasing nematode densities at planting (Pi) in pot experiments. Thermal requirements of M. incognita and M. javanica on cucumber did not differ, irrespective of the biological stage. In the pot experiments, M. javanica completed one generation. The maximum multiplication rate (a) was 833, and the equilibrium density (E) varied according to the effective inoculum densities. The relationship between RDTWB and Pi fitted the Seinhorst damage function model. The RLCC value at 40 or 50 days post-inoculation also fitted the damage model and was related to RDTWB. In greenhouse experiments, conducted from 2009 to 2012, M. incognita completed three generations. The values for a and E were 1147 and 625 second stage juveniles (J2) per 250 cm3 soil, respectively. The tolerance limit was below zero, and the minimum relative yield ranged from 0·12 to 0·34. © 2014 British Society for Plant Pathology.

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