Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-11-2014 | Award Amount: 8.32M | Year: 2015
The purpose of the RAWFIE initiative is to create a federation of different network testbeds that will work together to make their resources available under a common framework. Specifically, it aims at delivering a unique, mixed experimentation environment across the space and technology dimensions. RAWFIE will integrate numerous testbeds for experimenting in vehicular (road), aerial and maritime environments. A Vehicular Testbed (VT) will deal with Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) while an Aerial Testbed (AT) and a Maritime Testbed (MT) will deal with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs) respectively. The RAWFIE consortium includes all the possible actors of this highly challenging experimentation domain, from technology creators to integrators and facility owners. The basic idea behind the RAWFIE effort is the automated, remote operation of a large number of robotic devices (UGVs, UAVs, USVs) for the purpose of assessing the performance of different technologies in the networking, sensing and mobile/autonomic application domains. RAWFIE will feature a significant number of UxV nodes for exposing to the experimenter a vast test infrastructure. All these items will be managed by a central controlling entity which will be programmed per case and fully overview/drive the operation of the respective mechanisms (e.g., auto-pilots, remote controlled ground vehicles). Internet connectivity will be extended to the mobile units to enable the remote programming (over-the-air), control and data collection. Support software for experiment management, data collection and post-analysis will be virtualized to enable experimentation from everywhere in the world. The vision of Experimentation-as-a-Service (EaaS) will be promoted through RAWFIE. The IoT paradigm will be fully adopted and further refined for support of highly dynamic node architectures.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.3 | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2008
Reduction of energy consumption is a societal challenge that requires combination of technical, economical, and social means. So far, energy conservation has focused on new technologies and automation, treating users as passive consumers. However, strong evidence suggests that users can adapt actively their behaviour to energy saving with suitable feedback, support, and incentives, reducing significantly and cost-effectively energy use without impacting adversely their comfort.\nAt present, energy information flows are slow, aggregated, and hidden, being operated by a market lacking incentives and proper service models. The opaqueness discourages users to learn and apply conservation strategies in their everyday lives. However, novel ICTs offer opportunities for removing this bottleneck. In particular, ubiquitous interfaces combined with low-cost sensors support real-time information from energy networks and consumption, empowering users to learn and share conservation strategies.\nBeAware studies how ubiquitous information can turn users into active players by developing: 1) an open and capillary infrastructure sensing wirelessly energy consumption at appliance level; 2) ambient and mobile interaction to integrate energy use profiles into users everyday life; 3) value added service platforms and models where consumers can act on ubiquitous energy information while energy producers and other stakeholders gain new business opportunities.\nBeAware combines research excellence with relevant industrial involvement. To ensure wide applicability, a Nordic and a Southern evaluation site are planned. A liaison with the CITRIS programme in the USA facilitates dissemination. The expected impact focuses on 1) grounding the conservation potential to users cognitive constraints and practices, 2) ubiquitous computing applications for sensing wirelessly energy use and enabling users to act, and 3) value added service models to innovate a new energy and multi-utility market.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.5.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.13M | Year: 2014
In a disaster situation three things contribute to a success: having the right resource available in the shortest time, with the highest relevance and at the right location. Access to necessary information, communication with other rescuers and stakeholders as well as the availability of resources are key factors in minimizing damage and loss of life. Large scale disasters and crisis situations increase the requirements on man and material exponentially. Additional challenges, in particular in cross border events, include language barriers, knowhow and organizational barriers and technical barriers (communication and data exchange). To address this challenge it will be necessary to analyse three defining factors: 1. Past responses to critical events and disasters in terms of time and cost 2. The data and data management tool used by crisis managers and first responders 3. The organisational structures of the crisis managers and first responders This analysis will enable the definition of a concept for a common information space. A requirement for a successful pan European information space is the definition of a common taxonomy. The common information space, which implies an EU wide standardization activity, will widen the EU wide market for organization developing solutions and tools for crisis management.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2010.4.2-1 | Award Amount: 10.84M | Year: 2011
What is missing so far in the European Union are disaster management procedures, tools and systems which fully take into account the specific characteristics and requirements of large-scale international cooperation in emergency situations. These characteristics are distinguished by many diverse emergency response organisations that need to collaborate across technological systems, organisational borders as well as language and cultural barriers. They do not have the same background knowledge and arrive at different points in time. Technologies and procedures currently used in multinational disaster response and prior EU funded projects have provided many solutions for single aspects, but to the best of the Consortiums knowledge there is no concept available yet which supports the entire process. This situation is the motivation for IDIRA. The mentioned characteristics of multinational disaster response led to the conclusion that we shall develop a system of technologies and guidelines which help in optimal resource planning and operations across national and organisational borders. The set of tools, interfaces and procedures developed in IDIRA will be designed to be configured, deployed and operated in a flexible manner, providing interoperable services for data integration, information exchange, resource planning and decision support to local and international disaster response units and decision makers. This core result of IDIRA will take the form an architectural framework and an exemplary implementation of a Mobile Integrated Command and Control Structure supporting co-ordinated large-scale disaster management. It is foreseen to make the best possible use of existing ideas, technology and standards, integrating available solutions and complementing them with new components where necessary. In actual operation, the components based on IDIRA solutions will be building on and be integrated with local command & control infrastructure and response procedures.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.6.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.15M | Year: 2014
EmerGent aims at understanding the positive and the negative impact of social media in emergencies in order to enhance objective and perceived safety and security of citizens before, during and after emergencies. Furthermore, EmerGent aims at strengthening the role of European companies dealing with services and products related to the aimed research and development results. EmerGent will perform studies on the communication behaviour via social media in an emergency situation and its impact on emergency management procedures with citizens and public authorities (emergency management services) involved. The understanding of critical situations, the reactions expressed through social media and the general importance and preferred types of social media will be considered. For this research new methods and tools will be developed to reinforce the communication between weakly connected (via social media) crisis-communities (citizens) and the emergency management services, supported by European associations. To handle the vast amount of valuable and distributed data new methods for Information Mining and Information Quality will be developed to classify and rate publicly available and provided data from users. With developed methodologies and software tools for the routing of mined and classified emergency relevant information from social networks, EmerGent will create a comprehensive concept for Novel Emergency Management. All analysis and impact assessment results will lead to the creation of guidelines. Hence stakeholders will be enabled to understand and get the most benefit out of social media and its integration into their processes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SEC-2012.5.3-2 | Award Amount: 704.85K | Year: 2013
The improvement of the European capability to respond to everyday emergencies and guarantee the safety and security of citizens in case of major emergencies and disasters requires a significant step forward in the integration of existing systems at several levels. The ESENet initiative aims at establishing a network of stakeholders in the Emergency Management domain that will identify, discuss and agree on needs, requirements, new technologies and best practices in responding to everyday as well as to major emergencies. The project plans to organize a total of 8 web-meetings and 4 workshop, with all the network members invited to attend and contribute to working documents prepared by the project partners on several topics, including interoperability at all levels (from technical level to organizational) and in all types of safety and security missions (daily/ordinary and/or large scale missions as well as local or cross-border missions). The ultimate goals of ESENet are: The identification of gaps in the emergency service provision chain and the collection of user requirements; the results of such activity will be a living document that will be made available to all stakeholders; the selection of available and/or promising technologies for tackling the identified challenges, also identifying areas where further research is needed; the project will deliver a public report; the analysis of organizational gaps, with suggestions and best practices at EU level about procedures, framework agreements and reorganizing suggested tasks; the results of such work will be reported in a public deliverable in form of suggestion of a roadmap to improve Emergency Services; the identification of available standards or areas where standards will be needed. The project is built around the members and the ESSN (Emergency Services Staff Network) currently organised by the project partner EENA. 22 members have already confirmed in writings their interest in being part of the ESENet project
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.4.1.2. | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2009
SAVE ME aims to develop a system that detects natural (i.e. earthquake, fire,) and man-made (i.e. terrorist attacks) disaster events in public transport terminals / vehicles and critical infrastructures (i.e. tunnels, and bridges) and that supports quick and optimal mass evacuation guidance, to save the lives of the general public and the rescuers, giving particular emphasis to the most vulnerable travellers (i.e. children, elderly and disabled). To achieve this, it develops a common ontological framework for hazard recognition, classification and mitigation, innovative algorithms on human behaviour under stress, panic and strong emotions, standardised interface elements for intuitive human guidance, a holistic disaster mitigation strategy and intelligent agents algorithms for guidance personalisation. It employs a Wireless Sensor Network for emergency detection, environmental awareness and travellers position and movements monitoring, as well as a fault tolerant communication network infrastructure. It integrates simulator model data with real time data from these sensors, to reach enhanced crowd behaviour models and uses them in a Decision Support System, to supervise the overall disaster mitigation operation. Thus, it supports the infrastructure operator, guides the rescue team through PDA and the trapped travellers by environmental displays and audio systems, as well as personalised guidance in their mobile phone to the nearest safe and free exit, taking into account their profile (i.e. disability, agility, language, etc.). It also develops appropriate training curricula, content and tools for operators, rescuers and the general public; guidelines to the infrastructure / vehicle operators and designers and standardisation proposals to the policy makers. All project developments are thoroughly and iteratively tested and optimised by lab tests as well as two in pilot sites, at a metro station in Newcastle (UK) and the Gotthard tunnel (Switzerland).
Singleton D.R.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill |
Richardson S.D.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill |
Richardson S.D.,IES Solutions |
Aitken M.D.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Biodegradation | Year: 2011
Two aerobic, lab-scale, slurry-phase bioreactors were used to examine the biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in contaminated soil and the associated bacterial communities. The two bioreactors were operated under semi-continuous (draw-and-fill) conditions at a residence time of 35 days, but one was fed weekly and the other monthly. Most of the quantified PAHs, including high-molecular-weight compounds, were removed to a greater extent in the weekly-fed bioreactor, which achieved total PAH removal of 76%. Molecular analyses, including pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes, revealed significant shifts in the soil bacterial communities after introduction to the bioreactors and differences in the abundance and types of bacteria in each of the bioreactors. The weekly-fed bioreactor displayed a more stable bacterial community with gradual changes over time, whereas the monthly-fed bioreactor community was less consistent and may have been more strongly influenced by the influx of untreated soil during feeding. Phylogenetic groups containing known PAH-degrading bacteria previously identified through stable-isotope probing of the untreated soil were differentially affected by bioreactor conditions. Sequences from members of the Acidovorax and Sphingomonas genera, as well as the uncultivated "Pyrene Group 2" were abundant in the bioreactors. However, the relative abundances of sequences from the Pseudomonas, Sphingobium, and Pseudoxanthomonas genera, as well as from a group of unclassified anthracene degraders, were much lower in the bioreactors compared to the untreated soil. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
IES Solutions | Date: 2011-02-28
The present invention provides a safe, low-cost, effective composition and method for the remediation of contaminated subsurface material, the composition comprising solid alkaline material preferably in combination with stabilizing agents, that can be used to increase or maintain the pH of a subsurface zone and improve the performance of in situ treatment processes.