News Article | May 25, 2017
Energy Independent Electric Vehicles Land, Water, Air 2017-2037 forecasts multi-billion dollar businesses being created that make the unprecedentedly efficient powertrains, multi-mode energy harvesting, lightweighting and streamlining required. IDTechEx shares how that includes new technology of regeneration including elimination of hot shock absorbers and disk brakes, electricity being produced instead. Learn how smart materials are planned - structural electronics replacing the components-in-a-box approach. The reinvented car, boat and plane awaits; easier to use, safer, greener, with lower cost of ownership and longer life. Previously impossible missions are identified and the boost to mobile robotics is revealed. This report gives you the opportunity to participate and invest before the rest. Here is the knowledge that gives you the power. The report uses easily understood infograms, graphs and tables to present the discoveries and interpretation by globetrotting multi-lingual, PhD level analysts at IDTechEx. 47 categories of electric vehicle are forecast by number and value from 2017-2027. For more information see http://www.IDTechEx.com/eiv. IDTechEx will be hosting the world's first conference on Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: Land, Water & Air in Delft, Netherlands. The event will embrace the commercial opportunity and technology roadmap. Partnering the event is TU Delft which has supported more record-breaking solar racers than anywhere on Earth and is also a leader in enabling technologies such as AWE, power electronics, 3D printing and wave power using dielectric elastomer generators. To find out more about this unique event visit http://www.IDTechEx.com/delft17.
News Article | May 23, 2017
The disagreement in terminology reveals several interesting points, one of the most important ones being that despite the fact that different companies will take a different approach to categorizing devices, is in essence a difference in how much of the real world is coming through a specific headset. In its newly launched report on the topic, IDTechEx categorizes headsets according to whether devices are tethered to an external computer or not (PC or standalone AR &VR) or whether they make use of the display and/or electronics of a mobile device such as a smartphone. IDTechEx forecasts the value of the market for AR & VR headsets is expected to grow to almost $37 Billion by 2027. The sustained growth of the market will be propelled forward in the short term by the growth of PC VR. As expected, the high volume of mobile VR will not contribute significantly to total revenues due to the low unit value. From 2021 onwards, growth will be transferred to stand alone AR, propelled forward by the launch of high performing headsets and reduced power consumption. Both energy storage and displays for AR & VR applications are discussed extensively in the report, given how critical these components are for future generations of headsets. In addition, the report includes insight on the research and development efforts on other components that will become part of the next wave of devices and the improvements and benefits that they will bring. They include haptics, optical engines, but also the development of focus tunable displays, foveated rendering and other concepts that aim to improve the user experience. For more information see http://www.IDTechEx.com/glasses.
News Article | May 23, 2017
Mechanical parts that can collect and transmit data on their status for predictive maintenance. These are just a few examples of the applications at or near full-scale commercialization that in some way benefit from printable, flexible and wearable electronics (PE). Inks that can conduct electricity – made from materials such as graphite, silver, and copper – are printed on a substrate at high enough density to form a complete electronic circuit, but thin enough to have negligible impact on the substrate thickness. The substrate can be rigid, flexible or even stretchable, such as paper, plastic, fabric or glass. These inks can be applied through traditional printing processes through fast and inexpensive automated processes, such as those used in the commercial printing industry for newspapers and magazines. Components can also be embedded though additive manufacturing processes, such as 3D printing or in-mold electronics. A related field involves conductive yarns which can be woven into fabric to create smart garments. PE can be used to create discreet components such as displays, conductors, transistors, sensors, light emitting diodes, photovoltaic energy capture cells, memory, logic processing, system clocks, antennas, batteries, and low-voltage electronic interconnects. These can be integrated into simple systems that, for example, can record, store, and then transmit temperature information. Fully functional electronic systems can be created in this way, or discreet components and sub-systems can be produced to function as part of a hybrid solution with conventional silicon-based integrated circuits or components. Compared to traditional silicon, PE components are lighter, thinner, cheaper to manufacture and capable of being flexible or even stretchable. As an additive technology, they can be produced without the capital-intensive manufacturing processes typical of silicon that are often wasteful and environmentally harmful. With PE, electronics can be embedded into printed 3D devices and components. We can enable a new generation of wearable healthcare technologies, smart fabrics, flexible electronics, connected homes that conserve energy, and even smart packaging that can reduce food and packaging waste. Here are a few examples: OPV cells use conductive organic polymers or small organic molecules for light absorption and charge transport to produce electricity from sunlight by the same photovoltaic effect used by conventional solar cells. This technology is another example of the switch from silicon to carbon-based electronics, with the resulting benefits of low cost, high production volume and significant environmental benefits. These flexible solar cells based on thin films can potentially be incorporated into a variety of materials— from window blinds to glass and roofing materials. A building’s entire exterior could be turned into a power generator, in a far more flexible and cost-effective way than is possible with conventional inorganic solar cells. In addition to energy harvesting applications for residential and commercial buildings, OPV also has applications in automotive, point-of-sale and advertising, apparel and consumer electronics. New high sensitivity OPVs, such as those from CPEIA Member company Wibicom, can even harvest ambient light for low-power applications such as self-powered sensors and self-powered antennas. But some technical hurdles remain to be overcome for mass adoption of OPV to be achievable within another decade. Work is ongoing around the globe to increase the efficiency, stability and strength of organic cells. The industry’s goal is to develop OPV cells suitable for mass production that can deliver a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of least 10 percent for 10 years. PE is ideal for additive manufacturing processes like 3D printing and in-mold electronics, to embed functionality inside a part or assembly. This reduces the bulk and expense of external hard wiring to connect electronic systems and assemblies. By the same token, intelligence can be added to a part with low-cost printed electronic tags, labels and serialized sensor matrices. These are digital fingerprints that can be used to identify and authenticate a part. With PE tags and sensors, parts and assemblies can collect and transmit data on their use and usage conditions, heat, stress and so forth. All this data can be collected and stored in the cloud, for remote monitoring and predictive analytics to carry out preventative maintenance and repair. This intelligence can be economically added to anything from a wind turbine blade, to a building systems such as elevators and HVAC, or any of the subsystems or structural members found on automobiles, aircraft and so forth. Anyone who uses a blood glucose monitor is already using a printed sensor – it’s on the disposable test strip. This kind of sensing technology has been on the market for some time. The next step is to develop the conductive ink and paste, substrate and enclosure materials needed for more rugged and long-term applications. Efforts are already well underway. Market research firm IDTechEx predicts the overall market for printed sensors will reach US$7.6 billion by 2027. Wearable technology has gone mainstream in a few short years. Many of us are taking advantage of devices worn on our person to enhance our athletic performance, monitor health and fitness indicators such as heart rate and breathing, and ensure the wellbeing and safety of the elderly. Wearable devices already on the market include bracelets, watches and necklaces, as well as athletic wear such as sports bras and shirts. We even have smart temperature stickers that monitor a child’s vital signs during sleep. The discrete form factors, flexibility and cost advantages of PE versus conventional electronics are crucial to make most of these devices and applications affordable and practical. Another rapidly growing application area is smart garments and textiles. Take, for example, OMSignal. This Canadian company develops functional smart apparel to help people live active, fit and healthy lives. It is, for example, the smart textile and software technology behind Ralph Lauren’s PoloTech collection. Last year, OMSignal launched the OMBra. From a biomechanical standpoint, this smart garment is designed to absorb the strain and pressure of running. But it is also a piece of fitness technology, equipped with three heart rate sensors, a breathing wire (the first on the market) and an accurate motion/accelerometer sensor. Patent-pending algorithms in the OMbra app combine heart rate and breathing to provide personalized feedback. The more a woman runs, the more the app adapts to her body so she can meet her weight goals and safely improve her training. Where is the PE market going? Global revenues for products using PE in 2016 is estimated at US$26.9 billion, an annual increase of 31.8 per cent since 2010. Consulting firm Smithers Apex expects the market to grow to an estimated US$43 billion by 2020. A separate forecast from IDTechEx predicts a US$70-billion market by 2024, for applications ranging from organic LEDs (OLEDs) to conductive inks for a variety of applications. Hundreds of millions of dollars in joint funding initiatives between U.S. industry, academia and government have been announced in the past few years to create the Flexible Hybrid Electronics Manufacturing Institute, The Revolutionary Fibers and Textiles Manufacturing Innovation Institute, and the Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute. As the united voice of Canada’s PE sector, the Canadian Printable Electronics Industry Association (CPEIA) is working to secure similar multi-stakeholder support for comparable industry-driven development and commercialization initiatives here in Canada. From May 24-26 at Centennial College in Toronto, Canada, the CPEIA will host CPES2017. This is Canada’s premier conference and trade show exhibition dedicated to printable, flexible and wearable electronics. Visit www.cpes2017.ca to learn more.
News Article | May 9, 2017
The 3D bioprinting market is predicted to be worth $1.8bn (£1.4bn, €1.7bn) by the year 2027, as we speed toward a future in which replacing damaged body parts will be as easy as printing off new ones – or so say experts. According to a report from IDTechEx, the 3D bioprinting industry is on the verge of a 'rapid expansion' during which the technology will become affordable and more widespread across industries. Trending: Hackers could soon tap into your brainwaves to guess your passwords Most promising is its potential applications within healthcare, where 3D printing is poised to open up a new age of regenerative medicine allowing doctors to print off human cells. 3D bioprinting is the process by which 3D printing technology is used to create artificial tissue. Recent advancements in the field have enabled researchers to 3D print living human skin, blood vessels and even a human ear. While the technology is still in relative infancy, scientists believe that 3D bioprinting could eventually be used for transplants, replacing injured and diseased tissue in patients or even printing new ones from scratch. "The latter application has long been the holy grail of 3D bioprinting technology, and promising animal trials of 3D bioprinted tissues in the past year suggest that a future where humans can replace damaged and failing organs by simply 3D bioprinting a new one may not be limited to science fiction after all," said IDTechEx. Most popular: What is Google Fuchsia? First look at the mysterious new operating system While regenerative medicine isn't expected to become commonplace within the next decade, this goal will serve as the main driver of the 3D bioprinting market over the next 10 years, the research group claimed. At the same time, the growing availability of affordable bioprinters is helping accelerate the technology's adoption amongst major pharmaceutical and consumer goods manufacturers. In the meantime, 3D bioprinting is expected to be adopted more widely into areas like cosmetic and consumer product testing. In pharmaceuticals, the technology could provide an ethical alternative to animal testing, allowing researchers to trial products on artificial tissue rather than living creatures. "After over 15 years of research and development in academia and industry, several main applications of 3D bioprinting technology are ready to be realised," said IDTechEx. "In the short term, the next few years are set to be an exciting time of rapid expansion for the 3D bioprinting industry." You may be interested in:
News Article | May 9, 2017
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Optomec, a leading global supplier of production grade additive manufacturing systems for 3D printed electronics (Aerosol Jet) and 3D printed metals (LENS) announced today that the company will showcase a groundbreaking production application developed working with its customer General Electric (GE). The application, which establishes the convergence of additive manufacturing and the Industrial Internet of Things, will be the highlight of the Optomec exhibit at the IDTechEx conference held May 10-11 in Berlin, Germany. Optomec will be in stand # E-11. This production application utilizes Optomec’s Aerosol Jet technology to print passive strain sensors directly onto turbine blades used in an industrial gas turbine. The sensors are composed of a ceramic material that can withstand the very high operating temperatures seen in the hot section of the gas turbine. These sensors can detect deformations in the underlying metal that could ultimately result in an expensive and sometimes catastrophic failure. GE recently unveiled this proprietary 3D Printed Sensor technology at their Future of Work Showcase in Boston. The data from the sensors has a direct tie to GE's Predix software platform, demonstrating the digital convergence between Additive Manufacturing and the Internet of Things. A video showing this Aerosol Jet printing process integrated into a robotic work-cell at GE will be available in the Optomec booth. Also, examples of printed electronic devices will be on display in the Optomec booth along with a live demonstration of an Aerosol Jet 200 system for printed electronics used for a wide array printed electronics applications from R&D to high volume manufacturing. Optomec will also display fully printed and repaired 3D metal components produced by the company’s LENS customers that illustrate a range of 3D metal additive manufacturing capabilities. In addition to the exhibition, Matthew Schrandt, Optomec Aerosol Jet Applications Engineer, will give a presentation titled “3D Printing of Flexible Circuits and Sensors”. Mr. Schrandt will explain how sensors can be printed onto 3D and flexible substrates using a variety of metal and resistive materials. Aerosol Jet is an ideal printing tool for precision deposition of polymeric and metal inks for these sensors. The process is a non-contact, high resolution printing technology that is compatible with a wide range of conductive, insulating, and resistive materials. He will present the functionality of printed strain gauges and thermocouple sensors in terms of robustness with flexing, thermal coefficients, resistance stability, gauge performance, and thermocouple Seebeck coefficient. Optomec is a privately-held, rapidly growing supplier of Additive Manufacturing systems. Optomec’s patented Aerosol Jet Systems for printed electronics and LENS 3D Printers for metal components are used by industry to reduce product cost and improve performance. Together, these unique printing solutions work with the broadest spectrum of functional materials, ranging from electronic inks to structural metals and even biological matter. Optomec has more than 300 marquee customers around the world, targeting production applications in the Electronics, Energy, Life Sciences and Aerospace industries. LENS (Laser Engineered Net Shaping) is a registered trademark of Sandia National Laboratories. Aerosol Jet is a registered trademark of Optomec Inc.
News Article | May 9, 2017
One such market trend is the increasing versatility of 3D bioprinters. Users can now easily incorporate several 3D bioprinting technologies into their construct without involving a second or third machine. IDTechEx's new report profiles and benchmarks the four main 3D bioprinting technologies of inkjet, extrusion, laser-induced forward transfer, and microvalve printheads. The report details key specifications, technology subtypes, and includes a SWOT analysis of each printhead technology. Current and future applications of 3D bioprinting covered in 3D Bioprinting 2017 – 2027: Technologies, Markets, Forecasts include the testing of cosmetics and other consumer goods, drug screening for the pharmaceutical industry, personalised medicine, regenerative medicine, cell-based biosensors, food and other animal products, education, academic research and bionics. The recent increase in interest and excitement for 3D bioprinting bodes well for the future. IDTechEx forecasts that the overall 3D bioprinting market is set to reach $1.8 billion by the year 2027. This is driven by demand for both 3D bioprinters, and 3D bioprinted tissues, and additional 10-year forecasts for these product markets are included in the report. Though regenerative medicine is not expected to be a significant market within the next 10 years, it has and will be a major influence on the 3D bioprinting market. As such, a separate chapter of the report is dedicated to discussing the future for 3D bioprinting in regenerative medicine. Readers of this new report by IDTechEx will gain a comprehensive view of the technologies, applications and markets of 3D bioprinting. Insights and knowledge of the industry were obtained through primary interviews with key stakeholders in 3D bioprinting companies, and these interviews also form the basis of the company profiles included at the end of the report. For more see www.IDTechEx.com/3dbio. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/idtechex-research-announces-a-new-report-on-3d-bioprinting-300452475.html
News Article | May 8, 2017
Graphene, the world’s thinnest material, was first studied as long ago as 1947, according to the University of Manchester. Researchers in the 1970s and ‘80s began exploring theories about graphene’s abilities, including its capacity to carry electric currents and potentially grow the material on single crystal surfaces. By 2004, two scientists from the University of Manchester were removing flakes from a lump of bulk graphite with sticky tape when they realized some of these flakes were thinner than others. Continued separation of these fragments lead to new flakes that were just one atom thick. This process ultimately isolated graphene for the first time, setting the stage for research and development efforts focusing on a material that could have a profound impact on various scientific fields like chemistry, biomedicine, and electronics. A new report from market research firm IDTechEx provides a snapshot of where this market stands today and possible trends. The author of the report, Dr. Khasa Ghaffazadeh, begins his analysis stating that hype over the industry has begun to subdue after reaching its peak a few years ago. This may be because the so-called ‘killer application’ that graphene uniquely enables or in which graphene has a first mover advantage is still missing, states the report. However, Ghaffazadeh noted that there are still large-scale investments happening in this research field. The European Union pledged 10 billion euros over the next 10 years to graphene and 2D material research and the United Kingdom, Korea, and Singapore have agreed to similar pledges. In the private sector, investors from diverse backgrounds—including specialty chemicals, energy, steel, and consumer electronics— are committed to launching new companies focusing on taking advantage of this material. Asia has become a booming area for graphene research as well, according to the report. Chinese companies like Wuxi Graphene Film and The Sixth Element have been particularly aggressive in this market, constructing ambitious nominal production capacities with a specific focus on both graphene sheets and platelets. Chinese entities have over 2,200 patents in graphene with U.S. entities coming in second with 1,754 patent publications. Although the report mentions there is still no dominant sector where graphene is thriving, it does map out several potential applications for graphene along with the challenges it could face if/when it reaches the market. One area of interest is transparent conductive films. These components are used in optoelectronic applications that require voltage/current and optical input/out, which can be found in OLED lighting, pholtovoltaics and touch screens. Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) is the dominant force in this field, controlling over 90 percent of the market share. ITO can either be placed on glass or PET. The former offers a better performance, since sheet resistance can be lower and the optical transmission can be higher. ITO on PET though is quickly taking market share from ITO on glass in the touch screen sector. Factors like being more flexible and cost-effective along with being thinner than its counterpart make it a viable alternative. Graphene, however, has been a late entrant to this market. The technology is still not mature, but has displayed a number of features that could be lucrative. The material can produce high optical transmission, yield an ultrathin solution, and can generate low haze and a matched refractive index. Ambitious researchers could focus on transforming these graphene layers into 3D shapes or making improvements in crystalline size, but Ghaffazadeh notes that this transformation effort is more of a long-term development. Supercapacitors are another area where graphene could offer new opportunities. These devices offer a high power density, fast charge up and discharge rates, along with a large temperature compliance range. Scientists are exploring how supercapacitors could power consumer electronics, industrial machines, power tools, and even grid storage. Results are promising with graphene supercapacitors. Ghaffazadeh highlights work done by the Nanomaterials Group at Drexel University where they air brush deposited graphene oxide on the electrode, therefore increasing the capacitance ability to 120 F/g. Some challenges still remain, especially with the available surface area of graphene. Depositing the material can make layers of graphene re-stack, reducing the surface area, while the topography of the graphene electrode could hinder electron penetration lowering surface utilization. Novel sensors are another area where this experimental material could flourish. The report highlights a few innovations where engineers infused a graphene component into these machines. Scientists working at Nokia’s Research Center in Cambridge created a new humidity sensor based on graphene oxide, which gave the machine an ultra-fast processing capability due to a 2D structure and its super permeability to water molecules. Researchers based at the University of Wisconsin, working in conjunction with DARPA, invented new graphene-based sensors that were 4-atoms thick. This measurement is so thin it made the sensors practically transparent, giving them the ability to perform electrical and optical brain measurements at the same time. Other areas the report highlighted included graphene transistors that could kick start a new era of post-silicon electronics, potent energy storage devices that may yield better performance, and even tires with more efficient tractions and tensile strength created from graphene. Overall, the report explains that there are opportunities in this sector, but there is still a long road that needs to be traveled in order to capitalize on these openings and make groundbreaking products. While the material is still in its infancy, scientists are already conducting experiments where they are finding early-stage solutions for this material, using graphene to help regenerate nerves or engineering new membranes to produce clean water. Over the next month, R&D Magazine will be highlighting new innovations involving this experimental substance.
News Article | May 11, 2017
Electrically Active Smart Glass and Windows 2018-2028 primarily concerns the commercialisation and future of electrically active inorganic glass we call smart glass. That includes putting it in context with passive glass optically responding to heat and light and transparent electrically active polymers in windows and combinations as well. This report, researched globally by PhD level multilingual analysts, is intended to be of use to developers and those intending to manufacture, sell or use such material and the devices such as windows and systems incorporating it. With many original infographics, tables and images, IDTechEx presents both the technology and the markets in an easily absorbed manner. It uses facts-based analysis to create roadmaps, forecasts and insights. The primary coverage is transparent photovoltaics producing electricity; electronic shades using electrically activated liquid crystals, suspended particle devices and electrochromics and thirdly structural OLED lighting, however many other options are also covered. The report gives ten year forecasts for the various technologies comprising a market of around $6.5 billion in 2028 and a lot more thereafter. It explains why this is mainly concerned with new buildings and new vehicles, with some opportunity for premium pricing, and different potential for different functions. The main characteristics of active smart glass are that it involves an electrical interface and is controlled manually by the user or automatically with a sensor, remote control device or integrated building control system. It is commercialized in various ways, particularly in architectural, automotive, aerospace and marine applications. The report Electrically Active Smart Glass and Windows 2018-2028 explains why greatest adoption today is for shading and these versions are mainly electrochromic but the largest sector in 2028 will be photovoltaics. For more see http://www.IDTechEx.com/glass.
News Article | May 11, 2017
Imagine a city street filled with two-seater electric vehicles (EVs) zipping around. A Swedish startup claims these smaller, lighter EVs could help cut congestion and toxic levels of air pollution. Uniti, which crowdfunded €1.2m (£1m) to develop the prototype of its EV, has already managed to capture the attention of Siemens. The two companies recently announced a partnership which will allow the car’s entire production process to be planned in a virtual setting before implementing it in the real world. The ultimate goal is to produce around 50,000 cars per year in a fully automated production facility in Sweden, with the first deliveries scheduled for 2019 and expected to cost £17,500 each – a figure that is likely to limit its success. The Renault Twizy, another micro EV that costs £6,995 (excluding the monthly £45 battery hire charge), has sold 19,589 units since its launch in 2012. “Mostly they are too expensive,” says Dr Peter Harrop, chair of IDTechEx and co-author of a report on the micro EV market. “But China and Taiwan will get the price down, and others are adding innovation to make them more attractive.” Micro EVs are much smaller and lighter than standard EVs like the Chevrolet Bolt, Tesla Model S and Nissan Leaf. Uniti, for example, weighs 400kg and comes with a 11 or 20 kWh battery. However, standard EVs’ bigger batteries allow for longer ranges; the entry-level Tesla Model S 60, which costs from £66,500, can manage just over 200 miles between charges, compared to an estimated 93 miles for Uniti’s two-seater EV. Nevertheless, Uniti’s range is ideal for city driving, says Lewis Horne, the company’s CEO. He feels the smaller battery, compact size and carbon fibre and bio-composite body also make it more environmentally friendly than EVs that cleave to traditional car designs. “If we make electric cars in the exact same way we’ve made cars for the last hundred years – big steel frame structure, remove the combustion engine and replace it with an oversized and overpowered electric powertrain – that’s problematic,” he says. “A 90 kWh lithium iron battery that’s used to carry around one human occupant is not sustainable.” As well as the Twizy and standard EVs, Uniti faces competition from the Sion Urban, an upcoming EV with integrated solar cells that can recharge its battery from the sun, and the Eli Zero, a two-seater micro EV with a top speed of 25 mph, which is due to launch in January 2018 for around £8,000. Eli, the startup behind the car, envisions a future where low speed personal vehicles are used for central travel within cities, and high speed autonomous car-sharing services cater for journeys over longer distances. Shaina Denny, head of marketing at Eli, says the Smart car, which launched in 1998, has helped pave the way for micro EVs. “When Smart came along, they spent millions of marketing dollars showing people that they can accept a small car, and [...] people are now a lot more open minded than they were even a few years ago.” Although Tesla has shown that it’s possible for a new company to shake up the car industry, Tim Schwanen, director of the Transport Studies Unit at the University of Oxford, believes micro EV startups like Uniti and Eli still face a tough road ahead. “The car industry [...] is a sector that has extremely high entry barriers. It’s very difficult for new entrants to gain a foothold,” he says, adding that big players like Nissan and Renault “have a whole apparatus of marketing, distribution, maintenance and expertise behind them that these new companies really lack”. That might explain why the micro EV market has already experienced at least one false start – MIT’s CityCar, selected as one of the best inventions of 2007 by Time magazine, never made it out of the prototype stage. In the long-run, says Schwanen, “popularisation of these micro EVs will depend to a substantial degree on the role of policy”. Governments could introduce parking exemptions to encourage people to purchase one, for example, though he feels the vehicles may be better suited to car sharing schemes and private fleets than individual ownership. Sign up to be a Guardian Sustainable Business member and get more stories like this direct to your inbox every week. You can also follow us on Twitter.
News Article | September 14, 2017
Fiat Central Research former Director Professor Pietro Perlo, now president of I-FEVS, presents on, "The Path Towards More And More Energy Independent Fully Electric Vehicles: Examples Of Safe-Secure-Efficient Road, Air And Water Vehicles". This presentation addresses the developments of fully electric vehicles characterized by their efficiency, ability to recovery kinetic energy and harvest renewable energy. He says, "I shall show developed examples of novel bikes and road vehicles. New concepts will be presented for other transport modalities. Their manufacturing is planned in his new energy independent robot microfactories optimised for easy replication anywhere. They enable manufacture of state of-the-art vehicles without the usual constraints". Naval DC presents its many energy-independent electric boats. KiteNRG, Kitepower, TU Delft and International Windship Association cover proposed zero emission, energy-independent electric ships with solar decks and Airborne Wind Energy (AWE). The disgraceful carbon dioxide, particulate and acid gas emissions of a large ship span from that of 40,000 to one million cars. Kitemill Norway reveals its drone-based AWE, an energy positive 30 kW to 100 kW EIV, capable of providing more consistent, more widely deployable wind power on land and sea. First AWE commercialisation is next year. Professor Farboud Khoshnoud of California State University says, "I shall introduce a new approach to inflated solar aerial vehicles, self-powered dynamic systems, bio-inspired micro air vehicles". IDTechEx shares its market research on the huge upper-atmosphere EIV drones of Facebook, Airbus, Boeing, Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin. Find the full agenda and register at www.IDTechEx.com/eiev. The IDTechEx report, Energy Independent Electric Vehicles Land, Water, Air 2017-2037 covers markets, technology timelines, energy harvesting and extreme powertrain efficiency involved. Constantly updated, it now reveals backing of many large companies.