Menal F.,National University of Costa Rica |
Fernandez San Juan M.,IDIEA CSIC |
Campos B.,IDIEA CSIC |
Sanchez-Avila J.,IDIEA CSIC |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Biology | Year: 2014
Pesticide chemical residues in water samples and biomarker responses in transplanted fish were used to monitor environmental hazards of pesticides in Palo Verde National Park (Costa Rica). The Costarican fish, Parachromis dovil (Ciclhidae) and Poecilia gil/li (Poecillidae), were selected as sentinel species. Contaminant analyses detected up to 15 different pesticide residues in waterwith hexachlobenzene (2261 ng l-1), phorate (473 ng -1), epoxiconazole (314) and bromacil (117 ng ) being the compounds found in higher concentrations. Biomarker responses evidenced impacts on cholinesterase activities in transplanted fish at Barbudal site probably due to the presence of organophosphate insecticides such as phorate. High enzyme activities of glutathione 5-transferase and catalase and elevated levels of lipid peroxides were also observed at a site impacted by rice fields (Cabuyo); those effects could be associated with the presence of hexachloro benzene and triazole fungicides. In general, P dovii biomarkers were affected to a greater extent than those of P gillii in fish transplanted to sites associated with agriculture, which suggests the former species is a good candidate for future surveys. © Triveni Enterprises, Lucknow (India.