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Puga A.M.,University of Santiago de Compostela | Lima A.C.,European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | Lima A.C.,ICVS 3Bs PT Government Associates Laboratory | Mano J.F.,European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2013

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)-loaded chitosan microgels for oral and topical chemotherapy were prepared applying a superhydrophobic surface-based encapsulation technology. Drug-loaded chitosan dispersions were cross-linked and then coated with drug-free chitosan or pectin layers at the solid-air interface in a highly efficient and environment-friendly way. The size of the microgels (with diameters of ca. 280 and 557 μm for the chitosan seeds and pectin-coated microgels respectively) was the lowest obtained until now using similar biomimetic methodologies. The microgels were characterized regarding 5-FU release profiles in vitro in aqueous media covering the pH range of the gastrointestinal tract, and cytotoxicity against two cancer cell lines sensitive to 5-FU. Owing to their control of 5-FU release in acidic medium, calcium pectinate-coated microgels can be considered as suitable for oral administration. Growth inhibition of cancer cells by 5-FU was greater when incorporated to chitosan microgels; these being potentially useful for treatment of skin and colorectal tumors. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Santos T.C.,European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | Santos T.C.,ICVS 3Bs PT Government Associates Laboratory | Santos T.C.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Experimental and Clinical Traumatology | Morton T.J.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Experimental and Clinical Traumatology | And 11 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2013

The ideal bone tissue-engineered (TE) construct remains to be found, although daily discoveries significantly contribute to improvements in the field and certainly have valuable long-term outcomes. In this work, different TE elements, aiming at bone TE applications, were assembled and its effect on the expression of several vascularization/angiogenesis mediators analyzed. Starch/polycaprolactone (SPCL) scaffolds, obtained by two different methodologies, were combined with fibrin sealant (Baxter®), human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs), and growth factors (vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF] or fibroblast growth factor-2 [FGF-2]), and implanted in vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2)-luc transgenic mice. The expression of VEGFR2 along the implantation of the designed constructs was followed using a luminescence device (Xenogen®) and after 2 weeks, the explants were retrieved to perform histological analysis and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for vascularization (VEGF and VEGFR1) and inflammatory (tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-4, and interferon-gamma) markers. It was showed that SPCL scaffolds obtained by wet spinning and by fiber bonding constitute an adequate support for hASCs. The assembled TE constructs composed by fibrin sealant, hASCs, VEGF, and FGF-2 induce only a mild inflammatory reaction after 2 weeks of implantation. Additionally, the release of VEGF and FGF-2 from the constructs enhanced the expression of VEGFR2 and other important mediators in neovascularization (VEGF and VEGFR1). These results indicate the potential of VEGF or FGF-2 within a bone TE construct composed by wet-spun SPCL, fibrin sealant, and hASCs in promoting the vascularization of newly formed tissue. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.

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