Guimarães, Portugal
Guimarães, Portugal

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Ferreira H.,University of Minho | Ferreira H.,ICVS 3Bs Associate Laboratory | Ferreira H.,Centro Hospitalar do Porto | Maciel C.,Centro Hospitalar Sao Joao | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology | Year: 2016

Study Objective: To demonstrate the technique of laparoscopic approach in a rare case of rectovaginal splenosis with severe dyspareunia and dyschesia. Design: A step-by-step explanation of the patient's condition, diagnosis, surgical technique, and postoperative results (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). Setting: Splenosis consists of ectopic functioning splenic tissue that can be located anywhere within the abdomen or pelvis. Fragments are often multiple and range in diameter from a few millimeters to a few centimeters. They are reddish-blue and are sessile or pedunculated. Their appearance can mimic that of neoplasms or endometriosis, which are the main differential diagnoses. Trauma and subsequent splenectomy is the cause in most cases. Splenosis is a benign condition usually found incidentally and is usually asymptomatic. The need for therapy is controversial, and treatment is suggested only in symptomatic cases, primarily those related to pelvic or abdominal lesions, as in our patient. The diagnosis of splenosis in a woman complaining of pelvic pain may present diagnostic difficulties. The splenic tissue has the macroscopic appearance of endometriosis, and its position in the pelvis also may suggest this diagnosis. Where excision of splenosis is considered necessary, the approach should be laparoscopic, unless this is considered too risky owing to the proximity of vital structures. Intervention: A 40-year-old woman was referred to our department for severe dyspareunia and dyschezia. The gynecologic examination revealed a painfull nodularity on the posterior vaginal cul de sac. Further evaluation with 2- and 3-dimensional ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging revealed several soft tissue nodules in the pouch of Douglas (POD), which were enhanced on contrast administration. She had undergone a splenectomy 15 years earlier after a car accident. A laparoscopic approach to a rectovaginal nodularity was performed. Under general anesthesia, the patient was placed in the dorsal decubitus position with her arms alongside her body and her legs in abduction. Pneumoperitoneum was achieved using a Veres needle placed at the umbilicus. Four trocars were placed: a 10-mm trocar at the umbilicus for the 0-degree laparoscope; a 5-mm trocar at the right anterosuperior iliac spine; a 5-mm trocar in the midline between the umbilicus and the pubic symphysis, approximately 8 to 10 cm inferior to the umbilical trocar; and a 5-mm trocar at the left anterosuperior iliac spine. The entire pelvis was inspected for endometriotic lesions. In the pelvis, hypervascular and bluish nodules were visible with extension from the POD into the deep rectovaginal space. The macroscopic appearance was atypical for endometriotic implants. The nodularities were carefully dissected and excised, and histological assessment revealed splenic tissue. At the time of this report, the patient had been asymptomatic for 6 months after surgery. Conclusion: Rectovaginal splenosis may mimic endometriosis. The laparoscopic approach to rectovaginal splenosis avoids an abdominal incision, with its associated pain and possible adhesion formation. It also provides a better view for dissection. In this patient, the splenosis was removed by laparoscopy, with no postoperative dyspareunia or dyschesia. © 2016 AAGL.


Ribeiro-Samy S.,University of Minho | Ribeiro-Samy S.,ICVS 3Bs Associate Laboratory | Silva N.A.,University of Minho | Silva N.A.,ICVS 3Bs Associate Laboratory | And 19 more authors.
Macromolecular Bioscience | Year: 2013

Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to devastating neurological deficits. Several tissue engineering (TE)-based approaches have been investigated for repairing this condition. Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHB-HV) is found to be particularly attractive for TE applications due to its properties, such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, thermoplasticity and piezoelectricity. Hence, this report addresses the development and characterization of PHB-HV-based 3D scaffolds, produced by freeze-drying, aimed to SCI treatment. The obtained scaffolds reveal an anisotropic morphology with a fully interconnected network of pores. In vitro studies demonstrate a lack of cytotoxic effect of PHB-HV scaffolds. Direct contact assays also reveal their ability to support the culture of CNS-derived cells and mesenchymal-like stem cells from different sources. Finally, histocompatibility studies show that PHB-HV scaffolds are well tolerated by the host tissue, and do not negatively impact the left hindlimb locomotor function recovery. Therefore results herein presented suggest that PHB-HV scaffolds may be suitable for SCI treatment. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most devastating conditions affecting the central nervous system. In the present work, a novel PHB-HV scaffold is developed by freeze-drying for SCI related applications. These scaffolds reveal adequate properties to support both CNS derived cells, as well as, mesenchymal like stem cells from different sources. Moreover, it is also possible to observe that they are biocompatible with implanted in in vivo animal models. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


De Paula A.C.C.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Zonari A.A.C.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Martins T.M.D.M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Novikoff S.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | And 7 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2013

Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) are currently a point of focus for bone tissue engineering applications. However, the ex vivo expansion of stem cells before clinical application remains a challenge. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is largely used as a medium supplement and exposes the recipient to infections and immunological reactions. In this study, we evaluated the osteogenic differentiation process of hASCs in poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate (PHB-HV) scaffolds with the osteogenic medium supplemented with pooled allogeneic human serum (aHS). The hASCs grown in the presence of FBS or aHS did not show remarkable differences in morphology or immunophenotype. The PHB-HV scaffolds, which were developed by the freeze-drying technique, showed an adequate porous structure and mechanical performance as observed by micro-computed tomography, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and compression test. The three-dimensional structure was suitable for allowing cell colonization, which was revealed by SEM micrographs. Moreover, these scaffolds were not toxic to cells as shown by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. The differentiation capacity of hASCs seeded on scaffolds was confirmed by the reduction of the proliferation, the alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity, expression of osteogenic gene markers (AP, collagen type I, Runx2, and osteocalcin), and the expression of bone markers, such as osteopontin, osteocalcin, and collagen type I. The osteogenic capacity of hASCs seeded on PHB-HV scaffolds indicates that this scaffold is adequate for cell growth and differentiation and that aHS is a promising supplement for the in vitro expansion of hASCs. In conclusion, this strategy seems to be useful and safe for application in bone tissue engineering. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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