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Cavalheiro J.M.B.T.,Ictpol Institute Ciencia E Tecnologia Of Polimeros | Cavalheiro J.M.B.T.,IBB Institute for Biotechnology And Bioengineering | Pollet E.,CNRS The Institute of Chemistry and Processes for Energy, Environment and Health | Diogo H.P.,University of Lisbon | And 6 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2013

Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-4-hydroxybutyrate-3-hydroxyvalerate) (P(3HB-4HB-3HV)) terpolymers of low 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) content (1.7-6.4%) with 4-hydroxybutyrate (4HB) molar fractions from 1.8% to 35.6% were produced by fed-batch cultivation of Cupriavidus necator DSM545. Waste glycerol, γ-butyrolactone and propionic acid were used as main carbon source, 4HB and 3HV precursors, respectively. Uniaxial tensile tests were performed on the corresponding biopolymers. The Young's modulus and tensile strength of P(3HB-4HB-3HV) decreased, whereas the elongation at break increased with the 4HB molar%, following the general trend described for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-4-hydroxybutyrate) (P(3HB-4HB)) but with pronounced lower elasticity. Differential scanning calorimetry results indicate that the temperature of crystallization and enthalpy of melting decreased as the 4HB% increased. No crystallization was observed in terpolymers containing more than 30% of heteromonomers (4HB and 3HV) even though multiple melting events were detected. Terpolymer fractions of different composition were obtained by solvent-fractionation of the original bacterial terpolymers. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Cavalheiro J.M.B.T.,Ictpol Institute Ciencia E Tecnologia Of Polimeros | Cavalheiro J.M.B.T.,IBB Institute for Biotechnology And Bioengineering | Raposo R.S.,Ictpol Institute Ciencia E Tecnologia Of Polimeros | Raposo R.S.,IBB Institute for Biotechnology And Bioengineering | And 7 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2012

Short-chain polyhydroxyalkanoate co-polymers (poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate)) (P(3HB-co-4HB)) and terpolymers (poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-4-hydroxybutyrate-3-hydroxyvalerate)) (P(3HB-4HB-3HV)) were produced using high-cell density fed-batch cultures of Cupriavidus necator DSM 545. C-source for growth and 3HB synthesis was waste glycerol (GRP) from a biodiesel plant. Incorporation of 4HB monomers was promoted by γ-butyrolactone (GBL). Propionic acid (PA), a stimulator of 4HB accumulation, increased the 4HB molar ratio 2-fold, but also acted as 3HV precursor, yielding P(3HB-4HB-3HV). Dissolved oxygen (DOC) was a key parameter for % PHA accumulation and volumetric productivity (Prod vol). 4HB molar ratio increased in the presence of PA and with extended accumulation time. By manipulating DOC and cultivation time, P(3HB-4HB) with between 11.4 and 21.5molar% of 4HB were attained. Similarly, P(3HB-4HB-3HV) was obtained with 4HB molar% between 24.8% and 43.6% and 3HV% from 5.6% to 9.8%. Mw varied between 5.5×10 5 and 1.37×10 6Da. PHA production from GRP helps reducing production costs with concomitant GRP valorization. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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