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Trieste, Italy

Senjanovic G.,ICTP
Rivista del Nuovo Cimento | Year: 2011

The tiny neutrino masses and the associated large lepton mixings provide an interesting puzzle and a likely window to the physics beyond the standard model. This is certainly true if neutrinos are Majorana particles, since then, unlike in the Dirac case, the standard model is not a complete theory. The Majorana case leads to lepton number violation manifested through neutrinoless-double-beta decay and same-sign dileptons potentially accessible to colliders such as the LHC. This is covered at length. I discuss in these lectures possible theories of neutrino mass whose predictions are dictated by their structure only and this points strongly to grand unification. I cover in detail both SU(5) and SO(10) grand unified theories, and study the predictions of their minimal versions. The main message I wish to bring across is a serious hope of probing the origin of neutrino mass in near future, through the combined effort of high-energy collider and low-energy lepton number and lepton flavor violation experiments. © Società Italiana di Fisica. Source

Senjanovic G.,ICTP
International Journal of Modern Physics A | Year: 2011

I argue that LHC may shed light on the nature of neutrino mass through the probe of the seesaw mechanism. The smoking gun signature is lepton number violation through the production of same sign lepton pairs, a collider analogy of the neutrinoless double beta decay. I discuss this in the context of left-right symmetric theories, which led originally to neutrino mass and the seesaw mechanism. A WR gauge boson with a mass in a few TeV region could easily dominate neutrinoless double beta decay, and its discovery at LHC would have spectacular signatures of parity restoration and lepton number violation. Moreover, LHC can measure the masses of the right-handed neutrinos and the right-handed leptonic mixing matrix, which could in turn be used to predict the rates for neutrinoless double decay and lepton flavor violating violating processes. The LR scale at the LHC energies offers great hope of observing these low energy processes in the present and upcoming experiments. © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company. Source

Vasquez J.C.,ICTP | Vasquez J.C.,International School for Advanced Studies | Vasquez J.C.,Gran Sasso Science Institute
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2015

Abstract: We compute a T-odd triple vector correlation for the μ → eγ decay and the μ → e conversion process, finding simple results in terms of the CP violating phases of the effective Hamiltonians. Then we focus on the minimal Left-Right symmetric extension of the Standard Model, which can lead to an appreciable correlation. We show that under rather general assumptions, this correlation can be used to discriminate between Parity or Charge-conjugation as the discrete Left-Right symmetry. © 2015, The Author(s). Source

Braun A.P.,Kings College | Collinucci A.,Free University of Colombia | Valandro R.,ICTP | Valandro R.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2014

U(1) gauge symmetries in F-theory are expected to manifest themselves as codimension three singularities of Calabi-Yau fourfolds. However, some of these are known to become massive at strong coupling via the Stückelberg mechanism. In this note, we propose a geometric picture for detecting all U(1)'s, and determining which ones are massive and which ones are massless. We find that massive gauge symmetries show up as codimension three singularities that only admit small, non-Kähler, resolutions. Our proposal passes several highly non-trivial tests, including a case with a non-diagonal mass matrix. © 2014 The Author(s). Source

Mitra M.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy | Senjanovic G.,ICTP | Vissani F.,National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Italy
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2012

The experimental rate of neutrinoless double beta decay can be saturated by the exchange of virtual sterile neutrinos, that mix with the ordinary neutrinos and are heavier than 200 MeV. Interestingly, this hypothesis is subject only to marginal experimental constraints, because of the new nuclear matrix elements. This possibility is analyzed in the context of the Type I seesaw model, performing also exploratory investigations of the implications for heavy neutrino mass spectra, rare decays of mesons as well as neutrino-decay search, LHC, and lepton flavor violation. The heavy sterile neutrinos can saturate the rate only when their masses are below some 10 TeV, but in this case, the suppression of the light-neutrino masses has to be more than the ratio of the electroweak scale and the heavy-neutrino scale; i.e., more suppressed than the naive seesaw expectation. We classify the cases when this condition holds true in the minimal version of the seesaw model, showing its compatibility (1) with neutrinoless double beta rate being dominated by heavy neutrinos and (2) with any light neutrino mass spectra. The absence of excessive fine-tunings and the radiative stability of light neutrino mass matrices, together with a saturating sterile neutrino contribution, imply an upper bound on the heavy neutrino masses of about 10 GeV. We extend our analysis to the Extended seesaw scenario, where the light and the heavy sterile neutrino contributions are completely decoupled, allowing the sterile neutrinos to saturate the present experimental bound on neutrinoless double beta decay. In the models analyzed, the rate of this process is not strictly connected with the values of the light neutrino masses, and a fast transition rate is compatible with neutrinos lighter than 100 meV. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

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