ICO Rene Gauducheau

Saint-Herblain, France

ICO Rene Gauducheau

Saint-Herblain, France
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PubMed | CHU Hopital Nord, Bordeaux University Hospital Center, Center Oscar Lambret, Gustave Roussy and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bulletin du cancer | Year: 2015

Increased survival of patients with childhood cancer has resulted in a growing population of survivors. In France approximately 50,000 alive people have been treated before 20 years old and, as survivors, are at risk for health problems due to disease or cancer therapy (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy). Complications such as cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease (after radiotherapy or chemotherapy), neurocognitive deficiency, endocrine disorders (hypopituitary axis, or thyroid dysfunction), gonadal function, and second malignancy can be life-threatening and seriously affect quality of life. Upon discharge former patients should be given passport, containing a summary of their medical history, treatment (surgery, chemotherapy cumulative doses, characteristics of radiotherapy and organs involved), methods used to preserve fertility, and complications during treatment. Treatments can then be linked to individualized recommendations for follow-up care. The risk of developing long-term complications increases with time and can be aggravated by age-related comorbidity and environmental factors (tobacco, alcohol, obesity). Many regions and treatment centres in France have in place organised long-term follow-up procedures.


PubMed | St George Hospital, ICO Rene Gauducheau, French Institute of Health and Medical Research and Italian National Cancer Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical physics | Year: 2015

The TestDose platform was developed to generate scintigraphic imaging protocols and associated dosimetry by Monte Carlo modeling. TestDose is part of a broader project (www.dositest.com) whose aim is to identify the biases induced by different clinical dosimetry protocols.The TestDose software allows handling the whole pipeline from virtual patient generation to resulting planar and SPECT images and dosimetry calculations. The originality of their approach relies on the implementation of functional segmentation for the anthropomorphic model representing a virtual patient. Two anthropomorphic models are currently available: 4D XCAT and ICRP 110. A pharmacokinetic model describes the biodistribution of a given radiopharmaceutical in each defined compartment at various time-points. The Monte Carlo simulation toolkit gate offers the possibility to accurately simulate scintigraphic images and absorbed doses in volumes of interest. The TestDose platform relies on gate to reproduce precisely any imaging protocol and to provide reference dosimetry. For image generation, TestDose stores users imaging requirements and generates automatically command files used as input for gate. Each compartment is simulated only once and the resulting output is weighted using pharmacokinetic data. Resulting compartment projections are aggregated to obtain the final image. For dosimetry computation, emission data are stored in the platform database and relevant gate input files are generated for the virtual patient model and associated pharmacokinetics.Two samples of software runs are given to demonstrate the potential of TestDose. A clinical imaging protocol for the Octreoscan therapeutical treatment was implemented using the 4D XCAT model. Whole-body step and shoot acquisitions at different times postinjection and one SPECT acquisition were generated within reasonable computation times. Based on the same Octreoscan kinetics, a dosimetry computation performed on the ICRP 110 model is also presented.The proposed platform offers a generic framework to implement any scintigraphic imaging protocols and voxel/organ-based dosimetry computation. Thanks to the modular nature of TestDose, other imaging modalities could be supported in the future such as positron emission tomography.


Malleter M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Malleter M.,University of Rennes 1 | Tauzin S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Tauzin S.,University of Rennes 1 | And 20 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) lacking estrogen and progesterone receptors and HER2 amplification have a relatively high risk of metastatic dissemination, but the mechanistic basis for this risk is not understood. Here, we report that serum levels of CD95 ligand (CD95L) are higher in patients with TNBC than in other patients with breast cancer. Metalloprotease-mediated cleavage of CD95L expressed by endothelial cells surrounding tumors generates a gradient that promotes cell motility due to the formation of an unconventional CD95-containing receptosome called the motility-inducing signaling complex. The formation of this complex was instrumental for Nox3-driven reactive oxygen species generation. Mechanistic investigations revealed a Yes-Orai1-EGFR-PI3K pathway that triggered migration of TNBC cells exposed to CD95L. Our findings establish a prometastatic function for metalloprotease-cleaved CD95L in TNBCs, revisiting its role in carcinogenesis. ©2013 AACR.


PubMed | University Pierre and Marie Curie, ICO Rene Gauducheau, Rennes University Hospital Center and Nantes University Hospital Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bone marrow transplantation | Year: 2014

This prospective pilot study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of (18)F-FDG PET/CT for early diagnosis of acute gastrointestinal GVHD (GI-GVHD). In all, 42 consecutive patients who received allo-SCT were included. (18)F-FDG PET/CT was systematically performed at a median of 28 (range, 24-38) days after allo-SCT. (18)F-FDG PET/CT data review was positive in 15 cases (36%) (9 true positive (TP) cases and 6 false positive (FP) cases) and negative in 27 cases (64%; 26 true negative (TN) cases and 1 false negative (FN) case) at visual analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of (18)F-FDG PET/CT for the diagnosis of acute GI-GVHD were, respectively, 81%, 90%, 60%, 96% and 83%. There were no significant differences of SUVmax values between grade 1-2 GI-GVHD and severe grade 3-4 GI-GVHD. Overall, these preliminary findings suggested that the inflammatory activity of the gastrointestinal tract associated with acute GI-GVHD could be assessed by (18)F-FDG PET/CT suggesting that noninvasive (18)F-FDG PET/CT could become a valuable examination to be performed shortly before endoscopy to map acute GI-GVHD lesions, guide the biopsy sites and choose the appropriate endoscopic procedure, especially in those asymptomatic patients with a positive (18)F-FDG PET/CT.


Oger A.-S.,ICO Paul Papin | Boukerrou M.,Groupe Hospitalier Sud Reunion BP 350 | Cutuli B.,ICC Inc | Campion L.,ICO Rene Gauducheau | And 4 more authors.
Gynecologie Obstetrique Fertilite | Year: 2015

Abstract Objectives. - The optimal treatment for male breast cancer is not known because male breast cancer is a rare disease. It represents as little as 0.6% of all breast cancers and less than 1% of human cancers. The aim was to analyze the clinical, histological and therapeutic characteristics of 95 men cared for breast cancer between 2000 and 2010 in four hospitals, and determine predictors of poor prognosis to improve care of male breast cancer. Methods. - This study is a multi-institutional survey, retrospective, involving four French institutions: Cancer Institute of the West (ICO), Reunion Island South hospital group, the hospital group of Dax, and the Bergonié Institute. All carcinomas in situ or invasive breast occurred in male patients were included. An analysis of clinical, histological and therapeutic features was performed. Statistical analysis of our study focused on the overall survival of patients and specific method of Kaplan-Meier, enabling search for predictors of poor prognosis. Results. - The mean age was 65 years. Thirty-seven percent of patients were overweight or obese. It was in 88% of cases of palpable tumor whose average size was 26.29 mm. Ninety patients, none had a lesion palpable T0, 44% T1 tumors, 38% T2 tumors, 3% had a T3 tumors, and finally 10% T4 tumors. The histological type was the most common invasive ductal carcinoma (87%). He found a similar proportion of patients with or without lymph node involvement. N+ patients, capsular rupture was observed in 29% of cases. Receptor positivity was found, estrogen in 95% of cases and progesterone in 83% of cases. Additional irradiation was performed in 75% of patients and chemotherapy in 37% of patients. Overall survival was 79.2% at five years and 70.8% at ten years. Age, tumor size and histological capsular rupture are factors that significantly influence the overall survival and specific. Conclusion. - Male breast cancer is a different pathology of breast cancer in women. The majority of recommendations suggest treating men who are diagnosed with breast cancer, using the guidelines applied to postmenopausal women treatments. There is no study based on male population that has evaluated these treatment modalities in terms of impact on survival. The diagnosis is usually made at later stages, and tumor size is often greater. Histological characteristics also differ. However, the treatment is almost identical. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Institute Bergonie, ICO Paul Papin, ICC Inc, Center Hospitalier Of Dax and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gynecologie, obstetrique & fertilite | Year: 2015

The optimal treatment for male breast cancer is not known because male breast cancer is a rare disease. It represents as little as 0.6% of all breast cancers and less than 1% of human cancers. The aim was to analyze the clinical, histological and therapeutic characteristics of 95 men cared for breast cancer between 2000 and 2010 in four hospitals, and determine predictors of poor prognosis to improve care of male breast cancer.This study is a multi-institutional survey, retrospective, involving four French institutions: Cancer Institute of the West (ICO), Reunion Island South hospital group, the hospital group of Dax, and the Bergoni Institute. All carcinomas in situ or invasive breast occurred in male patients were included. An analysis of clinical, histological and therapeutic features was performed. Statistical analysis of our study focused on the overall survival of patients and specific method of Kaplan-Meier, enabling search for predictors of poor prognosis.The mean age was 65 years. Thirty-seven percent of patients were overweight or obese. It was in 88% of cases of palpable tumor whose average size was 26.29mm. Ninety patients, none had a lesion palpable T0, 44% T1 tumors, 38% T2 tumors, 3% had a T3 tumors, and finally 10% T4 tumors. The histological type was the most common invasive ductal carcinoma (87%). He found a similar proportion of patients with or without lymph node involvement. N+ patients, capsular rupture was observed in 29% of cases. Receptor positivity was found, estrogen in 95% of cases and progesterone in 83% of cases. Additional irradiation was performed in 75% of patients and chemotherapy in 37% of patients. Overall survival was 79.2% at five years and 70.8% at ten years. Age, tumor size and histological capsular rupture are factors that significantly influence the overall survival and specific.Male breast cancer is a different pathology of breast cancer in women. The majority of recommendations suggest treating men who are diagnosed with breast cancer, using the guidelines applied to postmenopausal women treatments. There is no study based on male population that has evaluated these treatment modalities in terms of impact on survival. The diagnosis is usually made at later stages, and tumor size is often greater. Histological characteristics also differ. However, the treatment is almost identical.


Bobin-Dubigeon C.,ICO Rene Gauducheau | Bobin-Dubigeon C.,CNRS Sea, Molecules and Health | Heurgue-Berlot A.,Reims University Hospital Center | Bouche O.,Reims University Hospital Center | And 4 more authors.
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring | Year: 2011

A simple liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for quantification of sorafenib (Nexavar) in human plasma. After a solid-phase extraction procedure, the separation was performed within 2 minutes using an isocratic flow of a mobile phase consisting of formic acid/acetonitrile applied on a C18 analytical column. The analyte was detected by mass spectrometry in the single-ion monitoring mode. The method was validated according to the recommendations of the US Food and Drug Administration. The method was linear (r 2 > 0.99) between 10 and 10,000 ng/mL. The lower limits of detection and quantification were 5 and 10 ng/mL, respectively. Within-day and between-day imprecisions were less than 10.4%, and inaccuracy did not exceed 8.7%. The mean extraction recovery was 92.2%. The method also provided satisfactory results in terms of time stability and dilution integrity. Sorafenib plasma concentrations of the studied patient ranged between 1831 and 3459 ng/mL. This new technique is rapid, sensitive, and was applied to the determination of sorafenib plasma concentrations in a patient undergoing hemodialysis. Our results indicate that sorafenib is not cleared from plasma by hemodialysis, although analysis should be delayed after dialysis to avoid erratic fluctuations. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Sentinel lymph node (SN) biopsy has enabled a reduction in the indication of axillary lymph node dissections for patients without lymph node metastases, and as a result, the question of its use in the context of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been raised. There are two possible scenarios for its use - SN biopsy before or after NAC. When performed before NAC, the SN biopsy is only carried out based on the size of the tumour. In this situation, patients with SN metastases will be offered axillary lymph node dissection either before or after NAC. However, a certain number of these patients will no longer have lymph node metastases as the result of NAC, which raises the question of the benefit of additional axillary dissection. When the SN biopsy is carried out after NAC, the detection rate and false negative rate are dependent on the lymph node status before NAC. An ultrasound assessment of the axillary nodes enables their status before treatment to be determined. A review of the literature highlights that there are still questions that need to be resolved before this strategy can be recommended. In conclusion, the technique of carrying out an SN biopsy after NAC cannot be recommended outside of this study, and its inclusion in studies currently in progress is to be encouraged. © 2013 Springer-Verlag France.


PubMed | ICO Rene Gauducheau
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase II | Journal: The quarterly journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging : official publication of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine (AIMN) [and] the International Association of Radiopharmacology (IAR), [and] Section of the Society of... | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to compare different dosimetric approaches on therapy nave patients enrolled in a multicentre fractionated radioimmunotherapy trial, to determine which methodological approach correlates with bone marrow toxicity.Twenty-height non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients were treated with one or two fractions of 90Y-Ibritumomab-Tiuxetan (11.1 MBq/kg) 8 to 12 weeks apart in four different institutions. Quantitative imaging with 111In-Ibritumomab-Tiuxetan (185 MBq) was performed at 0, 1, 4 and 7 days after infusion, starting two weeks before the therapeutic administration. A whole-body (WB) CT scan was also acquired prior to the 111In-Ibritumomab injection, for attenuation correction purposes and was segmented to derive patient-specific organ masses. All dosimetry processing was centralized in a single institution. The first method (M_2D) was based on geometric mean WB scans, corrected for attenuation, scatter and organs superposition. The second method (M_2.5D) was based on the computed assisted matrix inversion approach and used segmented CT scans. The third method (M_3D) used iterative reconstruction of tomographic scans, corrected for attenuation, scatter and collimator response. Absorbed doses were estimated for lungs, liver, kidneys and spleen using MIRD S values adjusted for organ masses. Bone marrow (BM) absorbed doses were evaluated according to imaging methods (3) and compared to blood-based approaches.For some patients, organ masses such as liver or spleen significantly differed from male/female reference masses, whereas lungs and kidneys masses were relatively constant. Except for lungs, absorbed doses estimated by M_2D were higher than those from M_2.5D and these, in turn, were higher that those calculated from M_3D (Wilcoxon P<8.6e-4). Median organ absorbed dose estimates were equivalent for both fractions except for the spleen. In fact, spleen absorbed doses for the second fraction were lower than those for the first fraction, regardless of the approach. Possible explanations are that patient spleen masses were kept constant for analysis of both fractions and/or that spleen uptake was lowered after the first fraction. Estimation of BM absorbed doses from blood sampling was unable to predict platelet toxicity, but image-based methods performed better. Additionally, for most organs, the absorbed dose delivered by the first fraction could predict that delivered by the second fraction.These results confirm that different acquisition/processing protocols will lead to statistically different absorbed doses. Additionally, image-based dosimetric approaches are needed in order to correlate absorbed dose to bone marrow toxicity.


PubMed | ICO Rene Gauducheau and ICO Paul Papin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales de chirurgie plastique et esthetique | Year: 2015

Genetic predisposition is involved in only 10% of patients with breast cancer. This study was to evaluate the impact of prophylactic surgery.This is a retrospective study of 61 patients who received prophylactic breast surgery. Data collection was carried out through the computer file of the ICO. The inclusion criteria were: patients who benefited from a bilateral prophylactic mastectomy. There were no exclusion criteria. Patients received a satisfaction questionnaire to complete.Our study included 61 patients, 67% had a history of breast cancer. Bilateral prophylactic surgery was performed in 40 patients. It was made an average of two interventions, 44.3% of them presented postoperative complications, 18% recovery. Forty-three patients were satisfied with the medical information before surgery. The end result matched the expectations of 54.4% and 67.4% of patients would be ready to start. It was found pain associated with breast surgery in 56.5% of patients and almost half reported a change in their sexual life.Prophylactic mastectomy is the most effective technique to prevent the risk of breast cancer. The consequences of such an action are important. It is necessary to better select patients who would benefit most from this type of surgery.

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