Delgado J.,Hospital Of La Santa Creu I Sant Pau |
Duarte R.F.,ICO Hospital Duran I Reynals
TheScientificWorldJournal | Year: 2011
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation has become a viable option for younger patients with poor-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The results obtained with either conventional or reduced-intensity conditioning regimens have been recently evaluated and compared with alternative nontransplant strategies. This manuscript deals with practical aspects of the procedure, including patient and donor selection, conditioning regimen, GVHD prophylaxis, disease monitoring, infectious and noninfectious complications, and timing of the procedure. Finally, we speculate on how we could improve the results obtained with the procedure and new advances currently in clinical trials. ©2011 with author. Published by TheScientificWorld.
PubMed | Hospital Gregorio Maranon, Servicio Of Endocrinologia tricion Hospital Universitario Of Bellvitge Idibell, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Hospital Clinico San Carlos and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Endocrinologia y nutricion : organo de la Sociedad Espanola de Endocrinologia y Nutricion | Year: 2016
Bariatric surgery (BS) is an increasingly used therapeutic option for severe obesity which allows patients to achieve sustained weight loss over time and resolution or improvement in most associated pathological conditions. Major mid- and long-term complications of BS include iron deficiency and iron-deficient anemia, which may occur in up to 50% of cases and significantly impair patient quality of life. These changes may be present before surgery. The aim of this review was to prepare schemes for diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency and iron-deficient anemia before and after bariatric surgery.
PubMed | ICO Hospital Doctor Josep Trueta, ICO Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Lhospitalet Of Llobregat, ICO Hospital Duran i Reynals and Hospital Universitari Of Bellvitge Ico Hospital Duran ynals
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Brain imaging and behavior | Year: 2016
Long-term toxic effects of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) on cognition in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients have not yet been well-established. The aim of our study was to examine the cognitive toxic effects together with brain structural changes in a group of long-term SCLC survivors treated with PCI. Eleven SCLC patients, who underwent PCI 2 years before, were compared with an age and education matched healthy control group. Both groups were evaluated using a neuropsychological battery and multimodal structural magnetic resonance imaging. Voxel-based morphometry and Tract-based Spatial Statistics were used to study gray matter density (GMD) and white matter (WM) microstructural changes. Cognitive deterioration was correlated with GMD and Fractional Anisotropy (FA). Finally, we carried out a single-subject analysis in order to evaluate individual structural brain changes. Nearly half of the SCLC met criteria for cognitive impairment, all exhibiting a global worsening of cognitive functioning. Patients showed significant decreases of GMD in basal ganglia bilaterally (putamen and caudate), bilateral thalamus and right insula, together with WM microstructural changes of the entire corpus callosum. Cognitive deterioration scores correlated positively with mean FA values in the corpus callosum. Single-subject analysis revealed that GMD and WM changes were consistently observed in nearly all patients. This study showed neuropsychological deficits together with brain-specific structural differences in long-term SCLC survivors. Our results suggest that PCI therapy, possibly together with platinum-based chemotherapy, was associated to permanent long-term cognitive and structural brain effects in a SCLC population.
PubMed | Hospital Universitario Central Of Asturias, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Hospital San Pedro Of Alcantara, Hospital Clinico Universitario and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Leukemia & lymphoma | Year: 2016
The karyotype is an important predictor of outcome in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Rearrangements of the 11q23 region involving the KMT2A gene confer an unfavorable prognosis. Forty-six adult ALL patients from the PETHEMA Group treated with risk-adapted protocols, with t(v;11q23) were selected for this study. Complete response (CR) was attained in 38 patients; 25 remained in CR after consolidation. Twelve (48%) received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and 13 delayed intensification and maintenance. The 5-year CR duration probability was 37% (95% CI, 19%-55%). A trend for a longer CR duration was observed in patients undergoing HSCT vs. those receiving chemotherapy. The 5-year overall survival (OS) probability was 20% (95% CI, 5%-35%). The OS was better, albeit not significant, in patients with a MRD level<0.1% after induction (39% [95% CI, 14%-64%] vs. 13% [95% CI, 0%-36%]). Specific treatment approaches are required to improve the outcome of patients with KMT2A-rearrangements.
PubMed | ICO Hospital Josep Trueta, Hospital Of Mataro, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Hospital Sant Jaume Of Calella and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of haematology | Year: 2016
Somatic mutations in ASXL1 seem to have a negative prognostic impact in patients with several myeloid neoplasms, including myelofibrosis (MF). The aim of this work was to determine the prevalence and profile of ASXL1 mutations in MF.We analyzed mutations in ASXL1 in 70 consecutive MF patients from 8 Spanish hospitals by means of Sanger sequencing, as well as JAK2, CALR, and MPL mutations.ASXL1 mutations were found in 16/70 (23%) of cases, most commonly p.Gly646TrpfsX12 (5/16). Most mutations (13/16) were frameshift mutations. Of 54 ASXL1- wild-type patients, 32 (59%) had at least one single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), 27 of them had g.78128C>T, g.79017A>C, and g.79085T>C [triple SNP (TSNP) patients]. The 5-yr overall survival probability of TSNP patients was 67% (95% CI, 43-91%) vs. 90% (95% CI, 77-100%) in ASXL1-WT patients (P = 0.152).ASXL1 mutations were found in 23% of cases, p.Gly646TrpfsX12 being the most frequent. About 85% of mutations were found only in individual cases and 46% had not previously been reported, a pattern also seen in other series. Fifty percent of ASXL1-WT patients had a combination of three specific SNPs that might have a prognostic correlation that needs to be determined in larger series.
Faivre S.,Beaujon University Hospital |
Castellano D.,University Hospital 12 Of Octubre |
Strosberg J.,Moffit Cancer Center |
Gonzalez E.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Of Las Nieves |
Salazar R.,ICO Hospital Duran i Reynals
Cancer and Metastasis Reviews | Year: 2014
The systemic management of patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors includes chemotherapy and targeted agents such as everolimus and sunitinib. Which treatment to favor in a particular patient is not known. The most commonly used chemotherapy agents are streptozocin and temozolamide, often prescribed in combination with fluoropyrimidines. A potential biomarker for selection of temozolomide-based chemotherapy is O-6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltrasferase expression. Chemotherapy yields higher response rates and may be preferable in patients with higher-grade tumors and those who are symptomatic. The mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor everolimus has shown improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) in a robust, well-conducted phase III study. Everolimus, however, can induce limiting toxicities that may result in treatment discontinuation and does not improve survival. However, the objective response rate is very low. Sunitinib, likewise, increases PFS but the data comes from a smaller trial which was terminated early. Sunitinib displays a different toxicity profile and is associated with a trend towards improved overall survival. It is clear that biomarkers to properly select the most effective agents in an individual patient are needed. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
PubMed | Chang Gung University, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Hospital Universitario La Paz, ICO Hospital Duran I Reynals and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of hematology | Year: 2016
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a clonal hematopoietic disorder with heterogeneous clinical, morphological and genetic characteristics. Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities are found in 20-30% of patients with CMML. Patients with low risk cytogenetic features (normal karyotype and isolated loss of Y chromosome) account for 80% of CMML patients and often fall into the low risk categories of CMML prognostic scores. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphism arrays (SNP-A) karyotyping could detect cryptic chromosomal alterations with prognostic impact in these subgroup of patients. SNP-A were performed at diagnosis in 128 CMML patients with low risk karyotypes or uninformative results for conventional G-banding cytogenetics (CC). Copy number alterations (CNAs) and regions of copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity (CNN-LOH) were detected in 67% of patients. Recurrent CNAs included gains in regions 8p12 and 21q22 as well as losses in 10q21.1 and 12p13.2. Interstitial CNN-LOHs were recurrently detected in the following regions: 4q24-4q35, 7q32.1-7q36.3, and 11q13.3-11q25. Statistical analysis showed that some of the alterations detected by SNP-A associated with the patients outcome. A shortened overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) was observed in cases where the affected size of the genome (considering CNAs and CNN-LOHs) was >11 Mb. In addition, presence of interstitial CNN-LOH was predictive of poor OS. Presence of CNAs (1) associated with poorer OS and PFS in the patients with myeloproliferative CMML. Overall, SNP-A analysis increased the diagnostic yield in patients with low risk cytogenetic features or uninformative CC and added prognostic value to this subset of patients.
San Miguel Amigo L.,ICO Hospital Germans Trias I Pujol |
Franco Osorio R.,Hospital Punta Europa |
Mercadal Vilchez S.,ICO Hospital Duran I Reynals |
Martinez-Frances A.,Hospital Universitario Santa Maria del Rosell
Advances in Therapy | Year: 2011
Azacitidine is now considered one of the standard-of-care agents for patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes who are not candidates for high-dose chemotherapy. Considering the mechanism of action of the agent, it is critical to maintain adequate dose intensities for prolonged periods of time in order for treatment to be effective. Therefore, aggressive prevention as well as treatment of side effects is critical. The drug mainly causes hematological toxicity that is managed with growth factor support, blood transfusions, and dose and schedule adjustment. Nonhematological side effects are mainly gastrointestinal and cutaneous in nature, and can be easily managed with symptomatic treatment and correct administration techniques. © 2011 Springer Healthcare.
Sanchez-Ortega I.,ICO Hospital Duran i Reynals |
Sanchez-Ortega I.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Patino B.,ICO Hospital Duran i Reynals |
Arnan M.,ICO Hospital Duran i Reynals |
And 6 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2011
Posaconazole has been recently approved for primary antifungal prophylaxis in patients with prolonged neutropenia after AML induction chemotherapy and patients with GVHD. We now present the first experience of the efficacy and safety of posaconazole during the early phase of post-allogeneic BMT (n=33; from June 2007), in comparison with itraconazole primary prophylaxis (n=16; up to May 2007). More patients receiving posaconazole were T-cell depleted (P=0.003). Groups were otherwise comparable in terms of age, sex, disease, neutrophil engraftment, incidence of GVHD, use of unrelated donors and type of conditioning. Safety data as well as the incidence of fever (84%) and persistent fever (27%) during the 100-day treatment period were comparable for both antifungal agents. Patients receiving posaconazole had a lower cumulative incidence of proven or probable invasive fungal disease, as defined by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer criteria (0 vs 12%; P=0.04), which associated with a higher probability of fungal-free survival (91 vs 56%; P=0.003) and an improved probability of OS (91 vs 63%; P=0.011) compared with patients receiving itraconazole. Our single-centre experience suggests that antifungal prophylaxis with posaconazole may lead to a better outcome than itraconazole for patients in the early high-risk neutropenic period after allogeneic BMT. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
PubMed | ICO Hospital Josep Trueta, ICO Hospital Duran i Reynals and Autonomous University of Barcelona
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016
Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities are found in 20-30% of patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), while gene mutations are present in >90% of cases. Patients with low risk cytogenetic features account for 80% of CMML cases and often fall into the low risk categories of CMML prognostic scoring systems, but the outcome differs considerably among them. We performed targeted deep sequencing of 83 myeloid-related genes in 56 CMML patients with low risk cytogenetic features or uninformative conventional cytogenetics (CC) at diagnosis, with the aim to identify the genetic characteristics of patients with a more aggressive disease. Targeted sequencing was also performed in a subset of these patients at time of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transformation. Overall, 98% of patients harbored at least one mutation. Mutations in cell signaling genes were acquired at time of AML progression. Mutations in ASXL1, EZH2 and NRAS correlated with higher risk features and shorter overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Patients with SRSF2 mutations associated with poorer OS, while absence of TET2 mutations (TET2wt) was predictive of shorter PFS. A decrease in OS and PFS was observed as the number of adverse risk gene mutations (ASXL1, EZH2, NRAS and SRSF2) increased. On multivariate analyses, CMML-specific scoring system (CPSS) and presence of adverse risk gene mutations remained significant for OS, while CPSS and TET2wt were predictive of PFS. These results confirm that mutation analysis can add prognostic value to patients with CMML and low risk cytogenetic features or uninformative CC.